robotic surgery
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Healthcare ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 159
Lisa Monoscalco ◽  
Rossella Simeoni ◽  
Giovanni Maccioni ◽  
Daniele Giansanti

Cybersecurity is becoming an increasingly important aspect to investigate for the adoption and use of care robots, in term of both patients’ safety, and the availability, integrity and privacy of their data. This study focuses on opinions about cybersecurity relevance and related skills for physiotherapists involved in rehabilitation and assistance thanks to the aid of robotics. The goal was to investigate the awareness among insiders about some facets of cybersecurity concerning human–robot interactions. We designed an electronic questionnaire and submitted it to a relevant sample of physiotherapists. The questionnaire allowed us to collect data related to: (i) use of robots and its relationship with cybersecurity in the context of physiotherapy; (ii) training in cybersecurity and robotics for the insiders; (iii) insiders’ self-assessment on cybersecurity and robotics in some usage scenarios, and (iv) their experiences of cyber-attacks in this area and proposals for improvement. Besides contributing some specific statistics, the study highlights the importance of both acculturation processes in this field and monitoring initiatives based on surveys. The study exposes direct suggestions for continuation of these types of investigations in the context of scientific societies operating in the rehabilitation and assistance robotics. The study also shows the need to stimulate similar initiatives in other sectors of medical robotics (robotic surgery, care and socially assistive robots, rehabilitation systems, training for health and care workers) involving insiders.

2022 ◽  
Vol 89 (1) ◽  
pp. 3-4
Bernardo Rocco

Mariyam S. ◽  
Haris P. ◽  
Sasi M. P. ◽  
Babu D. ◽  
Lakshmanan . ◽  

Robotic surgery is a rapid advancement in the scientific strata of artificial intelligence and has evolved into a refined tool for the surgeons. Over the last 30 years, this field has evolved in leaps and bounds with wide applications in the field of surgery by improving the dexterity and accessibility for the surgeons in various array of major complicated cases. The surgical armamentarium has been strengthened by evolution of robotic surgery to an extent that man may be replaced by artificial intelligence-based robots in the operation theatre, thereby eliminating the possibility of human errors and limitations.

2022 ◽  
Laurent Fradet ◽  
Emma Charters ◽  
Kan Gao ◽  
Catriona Froggatt ◽  
Carsten Palme ◽  

Anthony C. Nichols ◽  
Julie Theurer ◽  
Eitan Prisman ◽  
Nancy Read ◽  
Eric Berthelet ◽  

PURPOSE The incidence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) has risen rapidly, because of an epidemic of human papillomavirus infection. The optimal management of early-stage OPSCC with surgery or radiation continues to be a clinical controversy. Long-term randomized data comparing these paradigms are lacking. METHODS We randomly assigned patients with T1-T2, N0-2 (≤ 4 cm) OPSCC to radiotherapy (RT) (with chemotherapy if N1-2) versus transoral robotic surgery plus neck dissection (TORS + ND) (with or without adjuvant therapy). The primary end point was swallowing quality of life (QOL) at 1-year using the MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory. Secondary end points included adverse events, other QOL outcomes, overall survival, and progression-free survival. All analyses were intention-to-treat. Herein, we present long-term outcomes from the trial. RESULTS Sixty-eight patients were randomly assigned (n = 34 per arm) between August 10, 2012, and June 9, 2017. Median follow-up was 45 months. Longitudinal MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory analyses demonstrated statistical superiority of RT arm over time ( P = .049), although the differences beyond 1 year were of smaller magnitude than at the 1-year timepoint (year 2: 86.0 ± 13.5 in the RT arm v 84.8 ± 12.5 in the TORS + ND arm, P = .74; year 3: 88.9 ± 11.3 v 83.3 ± 13.9, P = .12). These differences did not meet the threshold to qualify as a clinically meaningful change at any timepoint. Certain differences in QOL concerns including more pain and dental concerns in the TORS + ND arm seen at 1 year resolved at 2 and 3 years; however, TORS patients started to use more nutritional supplements at 3 years ( P = .015). Dry mouth scores were higher in RT patients over time ( P = .041). CONCLUSION On longitudinal analysis, the swallowing QOL difference between primary RT and TORS + ND approaches persists but decreases over time. Patients with OPSCC should be informed about the pros and cons of both treatment options ( identifier: NCT01590355 ).

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Joel C. Davies ◽  
Zain Husain ◽  
Terry A. Day ◽  
Evan M. Graboyes ◽  
Antoine Eskander

The National Cancer Database is a joint project of the Commission on Cancer of the American College of Surgeons and the American Cancer Society. The American College of Surgeons and the Commission on Cancer have not verified and are not responsible for the analytic or statistical methods used or for the conclusions drawn from these data by the investigators.IntroductionTransoral robotic surgery (TORS) is well established as initial definitive treatment for early-stage oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) as an alternative to radiation therapy with similar survival rates. While proponents of TORS focus on the reduced morbidity of treatment compared to open procedures, shortened hospital admissions and equivalent survival outcomes to non-surgical treatment, there remain concerns over the risk of mortality within the acute perioperative period. Therefore, we sought to determine the 30-day and 90-day perioperative mortality risk using the National Cancer Database.MethodsA retrospective cohort analysis was performed for patients diagnosed with pathologic T1/2 OPSCC between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2016 that underwent primary surgical treatment with TORS and was not restricted by HPV status. The primary outcome was 30-day perioperative mortality. The secondary outcome was 90-day perioperative mortality. Univariable analysis was used to identify variables associated with 30-day perioperative mortality.ResultsIn total, 4,127 patients (mean [SD; range] age, 59 [9.5; 22-90] years; 3,476 [84%] men and 651 [16%] women) met inclusion criteria. The number of patients with pT1-2 OPSCC undergoing TORS increased three-fold between 2010 (279/4,127; 7%) to 2016 (852/4,127; 21%). The overall 30-day and 90-day perioperative mortality rate for TORS during the study period was 0.6% (23/4,127) and 0.9% (38/4,127), respectively. On univariable analysis (UVA), age≥65 was the only predictor of 30-day perioperative mortality (OR 3.41; 95% CI 1.49-7.81).ConclusionThe overall risk of all cause mortality following TORS for early-stage OPSCC remains low. The risk of mortality is higher in elderly patients and should be considered, in addition to previously established risk factors, during patient selection and counselling.

Georgios Gitas ◽  
Lars Hanker ◽  
Achim Rody ◽  
Johannes Ackermann ◽  
Ibrahim Alkatout

Henrique Rasia Bosi ◽  
Marcelo Costamilan Rombaldi ◽  
Thamyres Zaniratti ◽  
Fernanda Oliveira Castilhos ◽  
Mariana Sbaraini ◽  

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