level of training
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2022 ◽  
Vol 28 (1) ◽  
pp. 37-39
Shupeng Xiao

ABSTRACT Introduction: With the extensive and in-depth development of Taekwondo in China, more and more people participate in Taekwondo training. Due to the lack of experience of some coaches and the misunderstanding of scientific sports training by young athletes, injuries occur from time to time. This has a bad effect on Taekwond itself, and it can also damage the health of athletes. Objective: This article discusses joint injuries in Taekwondo and analyzes the characteristics of Taekwondo sports injuries and preventive methods. Methods: This article uses a questionnaire applied to young athletes to gain an understanding of the sports injuries situation. Results: The most common injury sites were feet and joints. The nature of the injuries is mostly soft tissue injury, ligament laceration, and muscle strain. The most serious injuries are kidney and perineal damage. Conclusion: Improving the level of training, strengthening medical supervision, and paying attention to the timely treatment of acute injuries are important ways to reduce the occurrence of trauma. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Lisanne Kleygrewe ◽  
Raôul R. D. Oudejans ◽  
Matthijs Koedijk ◽  
R. I. (Vana) Hutter

Police training plays a crucial role in the development of police officers. Because the training of police officers combines various educational components and is governed by organizational guidelines, police training is a complex, multifaceted topic. The current study investigates training at six European law enforcement agencies and aims to identify strengths and challenges of current training organization and practice. We interviewed a total of 16 police instructors and seven police coordinators with conceptual training tasks. A thematic analysis (Braun and Clarke, 2006; Terry et al., 2017) was conducted and results organized in the two main themes evident across all six law enforcement agencies: organization of training and delivery of training. Results show that governmental structures and police executive boards are seen as the primary authorities that define the training framework in which police instructors operate. These administrative structures regulate distant and immediate resources, such as available training time, training facilities, equipment, and personnel. Within the confines of available resources and predetermined training frameworks, results indicate that police instructors thoroughly enjoy teaching, creating supportive and motivating learning environments, and applying their personal learning perspectives to training. Nonetheless, police instructors are critical of the level of training they are able to achieve with the available resources.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 265-270
L. Timoshina

Biological knowledge is one of the fundamental components of a common human culture, because without knowledge of biology it is unthinkable to develop an ecological way of thinking, to ensure the perception of the scientific principles of interaction of the Man-Nature system. The formation of a healthy lifestyle, the preservation of ecosystems, and the development of mankind are based on knowledge of biology. The purpose of the article is to develop and use a model of a methodology for organizing project-based education in biology in non-core institutions of secondary vocational education. The interrelation of theoretical knowledge and practical skills is a prerequisite for increasing the level of training of future specialists in any industry. In connection with the introduction of new FSES SPE into the work of educational institutions, secondary schools are required to improve the organization of the educational process and teaching materials. The involvement of students in the implementation of various projects leads to the development and development of project competence, and its level is determined by the number and quality of developed projects. The author concludes that the formation of competencies among students at secondary schools through project activities takes place.

Healthcare ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 159
Lisa Monoscalco ◽  
Rossella Simeoni ◽  
Giovanni Maccioni ◽  
Daniele Giansanti

Cybersecurity is becoming an increasingly important aspect to investigate for the adoption and use of care robots, in term of both patients’ safety, and the availability, integrity and privacy of their data. This study focuses on opinions about cybersecurity relevance and related skills for physiotherapists involved in rehabilitation and assistance thanks to the aid of robotics. The goal was to investigate the awareness among insiders about some facets of cybersecurity concerning human–robot interactions. We designed an electronic questionnaire and submitted it to a relevant sample of physiotherapists. The questionnaire allowed us to collect data related to: (i) use of robots and its relationship with cybersecurity in the context of physiotherapy; (ii) training in cybersecurity and robotics for the insiders; (iii) insiders’ self-assessment on cybersecurity and robotics in some usage scenarios, and (iv) their experiences of cyber-attacks in this area and proposals for improvement. Besides contributing some specific statistics, the study highlights the importance of both acculturation processes in this field and monitoring initiatives based on surveys. The study exposes direct suggestions for continuation of these types of investigations in the context of scientific societies operating in the rehabilitation and assistance robotics. The study also shows the need to stimulate similar initiatives in other sectors of medical robotics (robotic surgery, care and socially assistive robots, rehabilitation systems, training for health and care workers) involving insiders.

2022 ◽  
Zinaida Bakum ◽  
Iryna Savchak ◽  
Svitlana Kostiuk ◽  
Marianna Zhumbei ◽  
Roman Poznanskyy

The professional development of future specialists has to meet global and domestic standards. Cultural competence is essential for future professionals as it makes it easier to collaborate with foreign professionals, improve their competitiveness in the world labor market and increase the specialist’s ability to solve professional challenges. The study attempts to answer the questions about the importance of cultural competence development of non-philological students in the process of studying a foreign language and methodological approaches used in this process. The aim of the paper is to present the model of cultural competence formation of future non-philological specialties experts at the foreign languages classes and determine its main components and formation conditions. The study investigates how cultural competence development changes the value-based attitude towards future professional activity and promotes the interest in learning, personal and professional enrichment. Students of three Ukrainian higher educational institutions (from the first to third course) have taken part in the research. The research used conscious-comparative, audiolingual, and role-play methods. The study of the results, based on four criteria (cognitive, moral-axiological, communicative, cultural), showed that learners started to understand the necessity of cultural enrichment of disciplines. The research proved that the implementation of the given technique resulted in the improvement of students’ learning and cognitive activity and enhancement of the general level of training. The paper gives some recommendations for language teachers to organize the process of learning a language on a cultural basis.

2022 ◽  
pp. ijgc-2021-002812
Nicolò Bizzarri ◽  
Andrei Pletnev ◽  
Zoia Razumova ◽  
Kamil Zalewski ◽  
Charalampos Theofanakis ◽  

BackgroundThe European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO) and partners are committed to improving the training for gynecologic oncology fellows. The aim of this survey was to assess the type and level of training in cervical cancer surgery and to investigate whether the Laparoscopic Approach to Cervical Cancer (LACC) trial results impacted training in radical surgery for gynecologic oncology fellows.MethodsIn June 2020, a 47-question electronic survey was shared with European Network of Young Gynaecologic Oncologists (ENYGO) members. Specialist fellows in obstetrics and gynecology, and gynecologic oncology, from high- and low-volume centers, who started training between January 1, 2017 and January 1, 2020 or started before January 1, 2017 but finished their training at least 6 months after the LACC trial publication (October 2018), were included.Results81 of 125 (64.8%) respondents were included. The median time from the start of the fellowship to completion of the survey was 28 months (range 6–48). 56 (69.1%) respondents were still fellows-in-training. 6 of 56 (10.7%) and 14 of 25 (56.0%) respondents who were still in training and completed the fellowship, respectively, performed ≥10 radical hysterectomies during their training. Fellows trained in an ESGO accredited center had a higher chance to perform sentinel lymph node biopsy (60.4% vs 30.3%; p=0.027). There was no difference in the mean number of radical hysterectomies performed by fellows during fellowship before and after the LACC trial publication (8±12.0 vs 7±8.4, respectively; p=0.46). A significant reduction in number of minimally invasive radical hysterectomies was noted when comparing the period before and after the LACC trial (38.5% vs 13.8%, respectively; p<0.001).ConclusionExposure to radical surgery for cervical cancer among gynecologic oncology fellows is low. Centralization of cervical cancer cases to high-volume centers may provide an increase in fellows’ exposure to radical procedures. The LACC trial publication was associated with a decrease in minimally invasive radical hysterectomies performed by fellows.

Religions ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 53
Alessandro Mantini ◽  
Maria Adelaide Ricciotti ◽  
Eleonora Meloni ◽  
Anita Maria Tummolo ◽  
Sabrina Dispenza ◽  

In the A. Gemelli university hospital in Rome, the presence of highly specialized inter-professional palliative care teams and spiritual assistants who are dedicated to their role in the service of inpatients is valuable to person-centered healthcare. Spiritual needs are commonly experienced by patients with sudden illness, chronic conditions, and life-limiting conditions, and, consequently, spiritual care is an intrinsic and essential component of palliative care. This paper focuses on the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick to demonstrate the importance of spiritual care as an integral part of palliative care and highlights the need for all interdisciplinary team members to address spiritual issues in order to improve the holistic assistance to the patient. Over a 3-year period (October 2018–September 2021), data about the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick administered by the hospitaller chaplaincy were collected. A total of 1541 anointings were administered, with an average of 514 anointings per year, excluding reductions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. In 98% of cases, the sacrament was requested by health personnel, and in 96% of cases, the same health personnel participated in the sacrament. These results demonstrate that, at the A. Gemelli polyclinic in Rome, the level of training that the care team has received in collaboration with the chaplains has generated a good generalized awareness of the importance of integrating the spiritual needs of patients and their families into their care, considering salvation as well as health, in a model of dynamic interprofessional integration.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (4) ◽  
pp. 105-119
Evgeniya Jukova ◽  
Maxim Kozyrev ◽  
Irina Ilina ◽  

When there is high competition between universities for applicants, research into the applicants’ motives becomes relevant. This research used a survey questionnaire, the results of which were subjected to correlation analysis. The survey involved students from four Moscow universities, differing in both rating and quality of admission. The main reasons why applicants choose their university were the availability of budget places and the cost of training. The source of information about the university is also important. Modern youth (and also their parents) focus mainly on Internet sites for applicants and on the university’s website social networks. The role of Internet resources will only increase in the future although traditional forms of attracting applicants, such as open days and Olympics should not be discounted. They attract at least a quarter of the admissions. The research revealed that school graduates who are strongly oriented toward higher education prepare for exams very seriously. More than two-thirds of all students surveyed noted several options for preparing for the exam. However, not all applications had a solid life position with regard to their future profession. Many have chosen those courses that are easier to pass. One of the important factors in making a choice and in preparation is the image of the university. The higher the rating of the university, the more motivated applicants it attracts and as a result, the level of training of graduates also increases. It is proposed that distance forms of participation in university events are developed so as to expand coverage.

Л.Л. Никитина ◽  
О.Е. Гаврилова

Социокультурные условия развития системы высшего образования: повсеместное использование информационных технологий, новых средств коммуникации, динамичность процессов, происходящих в современном обществе, привели к появлению такого направления в педагогике, как педагогический дизайн. Данное понятие заимствовано из англоязычной литературы и определяется как направление информатизации образовательного процесса или создания некого учебного контента дисциплины. Знания педагогического дизайна большей частью применяются для проектирования дистанционного и онлайн-обучения. Однако ограничивать педагогический дизайн проектированием одним только контентом нецелесообразно, его принципы и подходы могут быть эффективно перенесены на традиционный процесс обучения. Педагогический дизайн направлен на то, чтобы сделать процесс обучения интересным, относительно легким и доступным. Соответственно, если эти задачи рассматривать с позиции учебного процесса в целом, то педагогический дизайн может позволить эффективно не только систематизировать педагогическое воздействие в рамках традиционных лекционных и практических занятий, но и проектировать средства обучения (лекционные презентации, учебно-методические пособия, учебники и т.п.). Учебник как основное средство обучения в образовательном процессе претерпевает изменения. В статье рассматриваются подходы и принципы педагогического дизайна, использованные авторами статьи при проектировании учебника для студентов вуза, а также раскрываются требования к содержанию современного учебника для вуза в условиях реализации двухуровневой подготовки специалистов (бакалавров и магистров) в компетентностном формате. Современный учебник для вуза должен быть средством обучения не только, излагающим предметное содержание дисциплины, но и обеспечивающим реализацию целей и задач, преемственность содержания для каждого уровня подготовки. The sociocultural conditions for the development of the higher education system: the widespread use of information technology, new means of communication, and the dynamism of processes taking place in modern society, have led to the emergence of such a direction in pedagogy as pedagogical design. This concept is borrowed from English-language literature and is defined as the direction of informatization of the educational process or the creation of some educational content of the discipline. The knowledge of pedagogical design is mainly used for the design of distance and online learning. However, it is not advisable to limit pedagogical design to designing content alone with content; its principles and approaches can be effectively transferred to the traditional learning process. The pedagogical design is aimed at making the learning process interesting, relatively easy and affordable. Accordingly, if these tasks are considered from the perspective of the educational process as a whole, then pedagogical design can effectively not only systematize the pedagogical impact in the framework of traditional lecture and practical classes, but also design teaching tools (lecture presentations, teaching aids, textbooks, etc.). The textbook as the main means of teaching in the educational process is undergoing changes. The article discusses the approaches and principles of pedagogical design used by the authors of the article when designing a textbook for university students, and also reveals the requirements for the content of a modern textbook for a university in the context of the implementation of two-level training of specialists (bachelors and masters) in a competent format. A modern textbook for a university should be a learning tool, not only setting out the subject matter of the discipline, but also ensuring the implementation of the goals and objectives of training, the continuity of the content of students' training for each level of training.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 357-365
Jeanne Kagwiza ◽  
Kingsley Ekimiri ◽  
Chrispinus Mumena ◽  
David K. Tumusiime ◽  
Gatera Fiston Kitema ◽  

BackgroundThe University of Rwanda, established the Ophthalmology Department in 2004 to train Ophthalmic Clinical Officers (OCO). A proposal was developed towards upgrading the qualification level of the OCOs training at the University of Rwanda.AimThis study aimed to assess the need to upgrade the qualification of ophthalmic clinical officers to improve eye health services in Rwanda.MethodologyA descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 87 participants comprised of ophthalmic clinical officers, eye health development stakeholders, and employers in Rwanda selected purposively. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 16.ResultsThe results showed that 77% of participants in the stakeholders group and 51.4% in the OCOs group were males. About 97% (n= 34) of the OCO responded “Yes” to the questions “Do you think some of the weaknesses related to quality practice are related to the level of training?” and “Does your qualification have any effect to your professional development?” Furthermore, 85% had never been promoted at any employment position, 100 % (n=35) alumni and 84 % (n=22) stakeholders agreed that there is a need for bachelor’s degree program.ConclusionThe need for developing new programs in ophthalmology including a Bachelor of Science degree program for OCOs was evident.Rwanda J Med Health Sci 2021;4(3):357-365

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