dissolved air flotation
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2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 130-140
Author(s):  
Maria Diana Puiu ◽  

The food industry wastewater is known to present a high organic matter content, due to specific raw materials and processing activities. Even if these compounds are not directly toxic to the environment, high concentrations in effluents could represent a source of pollution as discharges of high biological oxygen demand may impact receiving river's ecosystems. Identifying the main organic contaminants in wastewater samples represents the first step in establishing the optimum treatment method. The sample analysis for the non-target compounds through the GC-MS technique highlights, along with other analytical parameters, the efficiency of the main physical and biological treatment steps of the middle-size Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP). Long-chain fatty acids and their esters were the main abundant classes of non-target identified compounds. The highest intensity detection signal was reached by n-hexadecanoic acid or palmitic acid, a component of palm oil, after the physical treatment processes with dissolved air flotation, and by 1-octadecanol after biological treatment.


TecnoLógicas ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 24 (52) ◽  
pp. e2111
Author(s):  
Jeimmy Adriana Muñoz-Alegría ◽  
Elena Muñoz-España ◽  
Juan Fernando Flórez-Marulanda

The current issues of climate change and high freshwater demand worldwide have promoted the implementation of wastewater reclamation technologies. This study aims to review the efficiency of the dissolved air flotation (DAF) technique in a wide variety of applications in the agricultural, industrial, domestic, and municipal sectors, which have high freshwater consumption worldwide. We made a systematic review of the DAF technique in wastewater treatment in 2015-2021. We reviewed six indexed databases and governmental statistical reports; we used the keywords: dissolved air flotation, microbubbles, wastewater treatment, and the main operating and design parameters involved in the effectiveness of the flotation process. Additionally, we conducted a review of the most common synthetic coagulant studies used with DAF, as well as natural coagulants that promise to mitigate current climate change. Finally, we discussed advantages, disadvantages, and potential future studies. DAF to have considerable potential for wastewater treatment, as well as for waste utilization. The generation of large quantities of DAF sludge is a breakthrough for clean energy production, as it allows the use of this waste for biogas production.


Water ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (22) ◽  
pp. 3175
Author(s):  
Maximilian Philipp ◽  
Khaoula Masmoudi Jabri ◽  
Johannes Wellmann ◽  
Hanene Akrout ◽  
Latifa Bousselmi ◽  
...  

Slaughterhouses produce a large amount of wastewater, therefore, with respect to the increasing water scarcity, slaughterhouse wastewater (SWW) recycling seems to be a desirable goal. The emerging challenges and opportunities for recycling and reuse have been examined here. The selection of a suitable process for SWW recycling is dependent on the characteristics of the wastewater, the available technology, and the legal requirements. SWW recycling is not operated at a large scale up to date, due to local legal sanitary requirements as well as challenges in technical implementation. Since SWW recycling with single-stage technologies is unlikely, combined processes are examined and evaluated within the scope of this publication. The process combination of dissolved air flotation (DAF) followed by membrane bioreactor (MBR) and, finally, reverse osmosis (RO) as a polishing step seems to be particularly promising. In this way, wastewater treatment for process water reuse could be achieved in theory, as well as in comparable laboratory experiments. Furthermore, it was calculated via the methane production potential that the entire energy demand of wastewater treatment could be covered if the organic fraction of the wastewater was used for biogas production.


2021 ◽  
pp. 1-25
Author(s):  
Mohamad Hosein Nikfar ◽  
Hesam Parsaeian ◽  
Ali Amani Tehrani ◽  
Alireza Kouhestani ◽  
Hamidreza Masoumi Isfahani ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 295 ◽  
pp. 113147
Author(s):  
G. Pooja ◽  
P. Senthil Kumar ◽  
G. Prasannamedha ◽  
Sunita Varjani ◽  
Dai-Viet N. Vo

Acta Tropica ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 106137
Author(s):  
Felipe Augusto Soares ◽  
Bianca Martins dos Santos ◽  
Stefany Laryssa Rosa ◽  
Saulo Hudson Nery Loiola ◽  
Celso Tetsuo Nagase Suzuki ◽  
...  

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (17) ◽  
pp. 5366 ◽  
Author(s):  
Beata Karolinczak ◽  
Wojciech Dąbrowski ◽  
Radosław Żyłka

Modernisation of municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) should be carried out, taking into account its impact on global warming, e.g., through carbon footprint (CF) analysis. An important industrial sector in Poland is the dairy industry. In dairy WWTPs, the aerobic sewage sludge stabilisation applied thus far is being replaced by the anaerobic process. This change is positive due to the possibility of energy production, but it is unclear how it affects greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. The aim of the research was to perform CF analysis for two scenarios of dairy WWTP operation. The analysis was based on the real operating data of the current system (current scenario) and project of its modernisation (alternative scenario). The current scenario consists of mechanical and dissolved air flotation (DAF) treatment, biological treatment in sequence batch reactors (SBRs), aerobic sewage sludge stabilisation and its final farmland usage. The alternative scenario assumes replacing aerobic stabilisation with anaerobic stabilisation and a combined heat and power (CHP) system. The CF calculations were based on empirical models, taking into account different emission input parameters, expressed in CO2 equivalents (CO2e). The total CF of the current scenario was 22 kg CO2e PE−1 year−1, while the alternative was 45 kg CO2e PE−1 year−1. The largest share in the current scenario belongs to emissions from WWTPs and energy use, while in the alternative, there is the addition of emissions from biogas use.


Author(s):  
Abbas Hasannattaj Jelodar ◽  
Hasan Amini Rad ◽  
Seyed Mehdi Borghei ◽  
Manuchehr Vossoughi ◽  
Rahmatollah Rouhollahi

2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (3) ◽  
pp. e90349
Author(s):  
Mario Santander ◽  
Paola Cardozo ◽  
Luis Ivan Valderrama

The removal of sulfate ions from natural waters, as well as from industrial effluents of different origins, is a problem, considering that most of the proposed processes are inefficient and have a high cost, mainly when reducing the sulfate ion concentration to values below 500 mg.L−1 is required. The flotation technique, combined with precipitation, has proven to be efficient for the removal of heavy metal ions. However, there is not enough research to confirm its efficiency for the removal of sulfate ions. This article presents the results of sulfate ion removal from synthetic solutions prepared in an acidic medium, applying the co-precipitation techniques with polyaluminum chloride (PAC) and solid/liquid separation by dissolved air flotation (DAF). The effect of the pH, the [PAC: sulfate ions] ratio, the effect of saturated water flow with air, and the flocculant and collector doses were studied. The achieved results confirm that it is possible to reduce the concentration of sulfate ions from 1 800 to 350 mg.L−1 (80% removal) from synthetic solutions by applying the flotation technique combined with precipitation.


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