french guiana
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2022 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Veronique Lambert ◽  
Antoine Enfissi ◽  
Mathilde Lefebvre ◽  
Leo Pomar ◽  
Sobhi Kedous ◽  
...  

Zootaxa ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 5091 (4) ◽  
pp. 559-566
Author(s):  
ANTONIO SANTOS-SILVA

Two new species of Acanthocinini are described from the Neotropical region: Leptostylus skillmani, from Guatemala; and Anisopodus morrisi, from French Guiana. Additionally, the holotype of Leptostylus lilliputanus Thomson, 1865 is illustrated for the first time.  


Cancers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 437
Author(s):  
Valentin Suteau ◽  
John Bukasa-Kakamba ◽  
Beatrice Virjogh-Cenciu ◽  
Antoine Adenis ◽  
Nadia Sabbah ◽  
...  

The prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes is higher in French Guiana compared to mainland France. These metabolic disorders are associated with an increased risk of cancer. One of the factors involved is hyperinsulinemia that promotes the action of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1). The objective of this study is to characterize the expression of GLUT-1 in breast cancers cells in diabetic and obese patients compared to those who are not and to describe the clinical and histological prognostic factors of breast cancer in this population. We conducted a monocentric study including patients with breast cancer diagnosed between 2014 and 2020. Patients were classified into three groups: diabetes, obesity, and control group. The GLUT-1 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. In total, 199 patients were included in this study. The median age was 53.5 years, and the median tumor size was 2.8 cm. Luminal A was the most frequent molecular type (58.1%), followed by the triple-negative type (19.9%). The breast cancer in our population was characterized by a younger age at diagnosis, more aggressive molecular types, and larger tumor size. Thus, we suggest the advancement of the age of breast cancer screening in this territory. A total of 144 patients (31 diabetes, 22 obese, and 91 control group) were included for the study of GLUT-1 expression. Overexpression of GLUT-1 was observed in 60.4% of cases and in all carcinoma in situ lesions. GLUT-1 overexpression was associated with more aggressive cancers. This overexpression is correlated with high histological grade, high proliferation index, and aggressive molecular types. Our study found no difference in GLUT-1 expression between the diabetic or obese patients and the control group. These results highlight the potential role of GLUT-1 as a tumor metabolic prognostic marker and also as an interesting target therapy, independently of patient metabolic disorder.


2022 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
Author(s):  
Pierre Scemama ◽  
Esther Regnier ◽  
Fabian Blanchard ◽  
Olivier Thébaud

In 2016, the French government adopted a law for biodiversity, setting an objective of protecting 55,000 hectares of mangroves. This objective is particularly important to French Guiana, which shelters almost 60% of French mangrove ecosystems, and where mangroves occupy three quarters of the coastline. The coast of French Guiana is also where issues associated with demographic and economic dynamics concentrate. There is thus a need to plan for an economic development that is compatible with the objective of protecting mangrove ecosystems. Ecosystem services (ES) assessment can support such decision-making, informing on the costs and benefits associated with alternative mangrove conservation strategies. While the many services provided by mangrove ecosystems are well documented worldwide, the extent to which these can be encountered in the specific case of French Guiana is currently only very partially known. Relying on the Fuzzy cognitive mapping (FCM) approach, we collected and compared the perception of multiple and heterogeneous groups of stakeholders, of the functioning of the mangrove social-ecological system at the scale of French Guiana. Results, allow to identify mangroves ES and threats particularly influenced by the high sedimentary dynamism of the shoreline. This generates two distinct components of the mangrove social-ecological system: mud banks where ecosystem services are spatially and temporally unstable, and associated with perceived constraints for key coastal activities, and estuarine mangroves where the ecosystem services usually described in the literature on mangroves can be found. Disservices associated with mangrove ecosystems were also identified as a key interaction. This can inform the research needs that should support sustainable development trajectories, fully accounting for the protection of French Guianese mangrove ecosystems.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Stephanie Dranebois ◽  
Marie Laure Lalanne-Mistrih ◽  
Mathieu Nacher ◽  
Liliane Thelusme ◽  
Sandra Deungoue ◽  
...  

BackgroundGeneral practitioners (GPs) are the major primary healthcare players in the management of type 2 diabetes. In addition to a well-balanced diet, physical activity (PA) appears as a necessary non-medicinal therapy in the management of diabetic patients. However, GPs emphasize several obstacles to its prescription. The aim of this study is to evaluate the practices, barriers, and factors favoring the prescription of PA in type 2 diabetic patients by GPs in French Guiana.MethodWe conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study using a questionnaire, designed to interview 152 French Guiana GPs and describe their practice in prescribing PA in type 2 diabetic patients.ResultsOur results revealed that the prescription of PA as a non-medicinal therapeutic choice in the management of type 2 diabetes was practiced by 74% of the French Guiana GPs. However, only 37% of GPs responded that they implemented the recommendations; indeed, only one-third knew about them. The majority of GPs were interested in PA training, but only 11% were actually trained in this practice. The lack of structure adapted to the practice of PA and the lack of awareness of the benefits of PA in metabolic pathology appeared as the main obstacles to PA prescription.ConclusionThis study highlights the importance of improving the training of GPs in the prescription of PA, the development of adapted PA structures, and collaboration between the different actors within the framework of the sport-health system in type 2 diabetes in French Guiana.


Zootaxa ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 5087 (3) ◽  
pp. 451-483
Author(s):  
PAUL Z. GOLDSTEIN ◽  
DANIEL H. JANZEN ◽  
WINNIE HALLWACHS ◽  
BENJAMIN PROSHEK

Five species of Rejectaria Guenée, including two newly described, were reared from Asplundia utilis (Oerst.) Harling, Asplundia microphylla (Oerst.) Harling, Carludovica costaricensis (Harling) L.O. Williams, and Cyclanthus bipartitus Poit. ex A. Rich., all Cyclanthaceae, in Area Conservacion de Guanacaste (ACG), Costa Rica: R. villavicencia Dognin, 1924, R. villosa Druce, 1891, R. magas Druce, 1891, R. richardashleyi sp. n. and R. ritaashleyae sp. n.. These represent the only Noctuoidea known to feed on Cyclanthaceae. Related species with unknown foodplant associations include R. atrax Dognin, 1891, R. splendida Schaus, 1912, and R. paratrax sp. n., the last of which is described from French Guiana, Venezuela, and Panama. The nomenclatural and phylogenetic challenges within the Herminiinae and the origins of cyclanth-feeding relative to fern- and palm-feeding are discussed.  


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 5-18
Author(s):  
Lore T. Verryckt ◽  
Sara Vicca ◽  
Leandro Van Langenhove ◽  
Clément Stahl ◽  
Dolores Asensio ◽  
...  

Abstract. Terrestrial biosphere models typically use the biochemical model of Farquhar, von Caemmerer, and Berry (1980) to simulate photosynthesis, which requires accurate values of photosynthetic capacity of different biomes. However, data on tropical forests are sparse and highly variable due to the high species diversity, and it is still highly uncertain how these tropical forests respond to nutrient limitation in terms of C uptake. Tropical forests often grow on soils low in phosphorus (P) and are, in general, assumed to be P rather than nitrogen (N) limited. However, the relevance of P as a control of photosynthetic capacity is still debated. Here, we provide a comprehensive dataset of vertical profiles of photosynthetic capacity and important leaf traits, including leaf N and P concentrations, from two 3-year, large-scale nutrient addition experiments conducted in two tropical rainforests in French Guiana. These data present a unique source of information to further improve model representations of the roles of N, P, and other leaf nutrients in photosynthesis in tropical forests. To further facilitate the use of our data in syntheses and model studies, we provide an elaborate list of ancillary data, including important soil properties and nutrients, along with the leaf data. As environmental drivers are key to improve our understanding of carbon (C) and nutrient cycle interactions, this comprehensive dataset will aid to further enhance our understanding of how nutrient availability interacts with C uptake in tropical forests. The data are available at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5638236 (Verryckt, 2021).


Author(s):  
Elijah Talamas ◽  
Ovidiu Alin Popovici

The presence of Platyscelio (Platygastroidea, Scelionidae) in the Neotropical region is confirmed. After a recent record from French Guiana, a second specimen of Platyscelio was found in samples from the Republic of Suriname, being a new record for the fauna of this country.  


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