diabetic patients
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2024 ◽  
Vol 84 ◽  
Author(s):  
A. Q. Alkhedaide ◽  
A. Mergani ◽  
A. A. Aldhahrani ◽  
A. Sabry ◽  
M. M. Soliman ◽  
...  

Abstract Several reasons may underlie the dramatic increase in type2 diabetes mellitus. One of these reasons is the genetic basis and variations. Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms are associated with different diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes. The aim of this study is to investigate the possible association of two identified mutations ApaI (rs7975232) and TaqI (rs731236). Eighty-nine healthy individuals and Fifty-six Type 2 Diabetic (T2D) patients were investigated using RFLP technique for genotyping and haplotyping as well. The distribution of Apal genotypes was not statistically significant among the control (P=0.65) as well as for diabetic patients (P=0.58). For Taql allele frequencies of T allele was 0.61 where of G allele was 0.39. The frequency distribution of Taql genotypes was not statistically significant among the control (P=0.26) as well as diabetic patients (P=0.17). Relative risk of the allele T of Apa1 gene is 1.28 and the odds ratio of the same allele is 1.53, while both estimates were < 1.0 of the allele G. Similarly, with the Taq1 gene the relative risk and the odds ratio values for the allele T are 1.09 and 1.27 respectively and both estimates of the allele C were 0.86 for the relative risk and 0.79 for the odds ratio. The pairwise linkage disequilibrium between the two SNPs Taq1/apa1 was statistically significant in control group (D = 0.218, D' = 0.925 and P value < 0.001) and similar data in diabetic groups (D = 0.2, D' = 0.875 and P value < 0.001). These data suggest that the T allele of both genes Apa1 and Taq1 is associated with the increased risk of type 2 diabetes. We think that we need a larger number of volunteers to reach a more accurate conclusion.


2022 ◽  
Vol 28 (1) ◽  
pp. 59-61
Author(s):  
Bin Zhang

ABSTRACT Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), accounts for more than 90% of the total number of diabetes mellitus cases and often occurs in middle-aged and elderly people. Objective: To investigate the effect of exercise intervention on insulin resistance in obese type 2 diabetes patients. Methods: Eighty-six obese diabetic patients were screened as experimental subjects in physical examinations and randomly divided into observation and control groups. Visceral fat volume, fasting blood glucose, and fasting insulin of all subjects were measured before and after completion of the 6-month experimental implementation. The insulin resistance was calculated for both groups and the values for each indicator were compared statistically between groups. Results: Control of body weight, body mass index, blood glucose, blood lipids and insulin resistance index were better in the observation group than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Basal intervention with quantitative exercise can significantly improve insulin resistance in obese type 2 diabetes patients and the effect is better than treatment with diet and conventional exercise. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 309-316
Author(s):  
Shofiuddin Al Mufid ◽  
Naufal Achmad Tsany Daffa ◽  
Dedy Firmansyah ◽  
Octaviana Galuh Pratiwi ◽  
Innas Safira Putri ◽  
...  

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia caused by defects in insulin secretion, insulin reactions, or both. More than one third of diabetic patients have complications in the form of diabetic ulcers, and half are infected, and 15% of these infections require limb amputation. High cost expenditure and risks of microbial resistance to antibiotics also adds the complexity of the problem. The purpose of this literature review is to offer Nano-Oxy, using oxygen in nanoparticle size, as an alternative diabetic ulcer treatment. Literature searching was conducted through online search method. Oxygen therapy has been widely used to treat diabetic ulcers, including hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HOT) and topical oxygen therapy (TOT). Both of them have good results on diabetic ulcer therapy. Oxygen can act as an antimicrobial agent through the activation mechanism of neutrophils and macrophages which play a role in phagocytosis process and ROS regeneration. Nano-Oxy has advantages than the previous therapy, such as it does not cause barotrauma, oxygen poisoning, and low risk of burning. The mechanism of how Nano-Oxy works is similar with the Micro-nanobubbles (MNBs) concept. The negatively charged surface of MNBs can prevent them from aggregating, attracts particles, and help remove debris. MNBs also generate free radicals while shrinking in water, which contribute to its antibacterial effect. In addition, Nano-oxygen technology can be applied externally, but still have effect on the intended target cells. Therefore, Nano-oxygen can be used as a diabetic ulcer therapy to replace the role of antibiotics.


Author(s):  
Ritwick Agrawal ◽  
Andrew M. Spiegelman ◽  
Venkata D. Bandi ◽  
Max Hirshkowitz ◽  
Amir Sharafkhaneh

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 676-680
Author(s):  
Sinchana Adyanthaya ◽  
Mahesh Babu

Aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) in eye care of diabetics by non-ophthalmic doctors of different specialization. The was a cross-sectional questionnaire based KAP survey among 108 non-ophthalmic diabetes mellitus treating faculties of various departments at our institute. The level of Knowledge was considered excellent if the overall average score was &#62; 75%, similarly questionnaire focusing on attitude was considered positive if the average score was &#62; 50% and excellent practice constituted an average score &#62; 75%. The findings will be noted in percentages with 95% confidence interval limit. Out of the 108 subjects, 75.57% {95%CI(61%-78%)} of participants had excellent knowledge, while &#62;87.6% {95%CI(73%-88%)} of participants had a positive attitude towards diabetic eye care, whereas there were glaring deficits in diabetic eye care practices accounting to only 45.5%{95%CI(32.8%-51.4%)} which was considered poor. Knowledge and attitude regarding diabetic eye care was excellent, there was glaring deficits in the practice of diabetic eye care by non-ophthalmic treating doctors. The deficit was probably due to busy schedule of some doctors, due to lack of uniform eye care protocols of diabetic patients, and lack of updated timely education of eye care practices among non-ophthalmic medical professionals. Hence based on the findings of our study we aim to train and educate our non-ophthalmic medical faculty regularly for adequate and better management of spectrum of diabetic eye disease.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 304-307
Author(s):  
Jayshri Sadashiv Jankar

Serum ferritin, an acute phase reactant, is an indicator of the body's iron reserves. Increased body iron reserves and subclinical hemochromatosis have been linked to the development of hyperglycaemia, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and potentially diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, and vascular dysfunction, according to recent research. The objective of this study was to see if there was a link between Serum Ferritin and Type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome, as well as to see if there was a link between S. ferritin and HbA1c.The present study included 50 diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus (males: 32, females: 18) and 50 healthy controls of same age (males: 28, females: 22). Serum ferritin levels, glycated hemoglobin were measured and compared. : When diabetic patients were compared to controls, serum ferritin was considerably greater, and serum ferritin had a positive correlation with the duration of diabetes and glycated hemoglobin. Positive correlation was found between serum ferritin levels and glycated hemoglobin and duration of disease.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 258-262
Author(s):  
Amit Kumar ◽  
S. Sai Prasanna ◽  
R. Charishma ◽  
R. Satya Divya ◽  
R. V. V. Sowjanya

: To study the prevalence of DFU among diabetic patients and the management of DFU among diabetic patients.: Prospective observational study. : The study was conducted in inpatients with diabetes of all departments and inpatients with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) of surgical department of age 20 to 80 of both genders with sample size 150 were included from September 2019 to march 2020. The prevalence of DFU among diabetic patients was 16%. Among them more diabetic cases were seen in age group of 50-59 and DFU in 40-49 and More diabetic cases are observed in male compared to female. DFU observed equally and the most common causative organism for DFU was staphylococcus aureus followed by proteus species, klebsiella and pseudomonas aeruginosa and more cases of DFU were noticed in diabetic patients with duration of 6-10 years. As the main cause of DFU is infection the primary treatment is anti microbial therapy and the most prescribed class of antibiotics is cephalosporins followed by nitroimidazoles, penicillins, oxazolidinones, lincosamides etc. surgical procedures like debridement, amputation and sometimes both were done in 9,14,1 patients respectively. : Our study revealed the information regarding the prevalence of DFU among diabetic patients is due to lack of knowledge and uncontrolled diabetes may develop poor circulation which leads to wound that may heal slowly which leads to DFU.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. em0093
Author(s):  
Taqi Mohammed Jwad Taher ◽  
Mohammed Hassan Khalil ◽  
Firas Turki Rashed Sarray

Author(s):  
Sancy Mary Sam ◽  
Sethu Stephen

It has been noted that in the Indian population the incidence of thyroid disorder is common and its incidence rises with advancing age. Screening for thyroid disorder is indicated for the certain high risk patients such as elderly and those already having other endocrinal disorders There are various studies that have shown a finding that a higher than normal prevalence of thyroid disorders in type 2 diabetic patients, of which hypothyroidism is the commonest disorder Owing to this we at the medical college at south India decided to evaluate the occurrence of thyroid dysfunction in patients who have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus and also to compare the level of thyroid dysfunction in the younger and the older population.Department of surgery, medicine and Pharmacology at Al Azhar Medical College Thodupuzha, Kerala, India for a duration of 3 years on 300 patients. The present study was an observational study during the period of study, the test subjects patients having diabetes mellitus and healthy individuals (Controls)coming for regular health check-up with no co morbidities detected were included in this study as controls.In the non -geriatric age group the mean age was 49.6 years SD + 8.15 years and in the geriatric age group the mean age was 68.78 years SD + 4.83 years. The commonest age group in the study was between the age of 61-70 years with of the study population. The age group in the present study ranged between the age of 30 years and 79 years. The incidence of diabetes mellitus increased with age, but the control of sugars is better with age thyroid dysfunction was as follows 20% had hyperthyroidism (36%) hypothyroidism. There is a linear increase with the prevalence of thyroid disorders with age with a r= 0.77 and p &#60; 0.05.The incidence of thyroid dysfunction also increased with age As compared to the non -geriatric group which was the incidence higher in older age group p &#60; 0.05.This study reveals about at least one in three who have DM are suffering from thyroid dysfunction, that increases with increasing age and uncontrolled sugars in this part of the world, which might warrant routine screening.


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