vinylidene fluoride
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2022 ◽  
Vol 23 ◽  
pp. 100640
O. Prakash ◽  
S. Bihari ◽  
Keshav ◽  
S. Tiwari ◽  
R. Prakash ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 277 ◽  
pp. 125551
Mohammed Khalifa ◽  
Günter Wuzella ◽  
Altaf Hussain Bagawan ◽  
Herfried Lammer ◽  
Arunjunai Raj Mahendran

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
Gang Jian ◽  
Yong Jiao ◽  
Liang Feng ◽  
Qingzhen Meng ◽  
Ning Yang ◽  

AbstractDielectric substances exhibit great potential for high-power capacitors due to their high stability and fast charge–discharge; however, a long-term challenge is to enhance energy density. Here, we propose a poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) composite utilizing BaTiO3 nanoparticle@TiO2 nanosheet (BT@TO ns) 2D nanohybrids as fillers, aiming at combining the interfacial strategy of using a core–shell filler and the electron scattering of a 2D filler to improve the energy density. With 4 wt% filler, the composite possesses the largest breakdown strength (Eb) of 561.2 MV m−1, which is significantly enhanced from the 407.6 MV m−1 of PVDF, and permittivity of 12.6 at 1 kHz, which is a 23% increase from that of PVDF. A superhigh energy density of 21.3 J cm−3 with an efficiency of 61% is obtained at 550 MV m−1. The 2D BT@TO ns-filled composite exhibits a higher energy density than composites filled with core–shell 1D BT@TO nws or non-core–shell 0D BT, 1D TO, or 2D TO particles. The Eb and energy density improvements are attributed to the buffer layer-based interface engineering and enhanced area scattering of electrons caused by the 2D hybrids, an effect similar to that of a ping-pong paddle to scatter electric field-induced charge migrations in composites. Thus, an effective hybrid strategy is presented for achieving high-performance polymer composites that can be used in energy storage devices.

Coatings ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 77
Abu Sadat M. Iftekhar Uddin ◽  
Dongin Lee ◽  
Chanseob Cho ◽  
Bonghwan Kim

The current study investigated the fabrication of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) adhering to Barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanoparticles and poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) nanocomposites, as well as the impact of MWCNT on the PVDF-BaTiO3 matrix in terms of dielectric constant and dielectric loss with a view to develop a high performance piezoelectric energy harvester in future. The capacity and potential of as-prepared nanocomposite films for the fabrication of high-performance flexible piezoelectric nanogenerator (PNG) were also investigated in this work. In particular, five distinct types of nanocomposites and films were synthesized: PB (bare PVDF–BaTiO3), PBC-1 (PVDF–BaTiO3-0.1 wt% CNT), PBC-2 (PVDF–BaTiO3-0.3 wt% CNT), PBC-3 (PVDF–BaTiO3-0.5 wt% CNT), and PBC-4 (PVDF–BaTiO3-1 wt% CNT). The dielectric constant and dielectric loss increased as MWCNT concentration increased. Sample PBC-3 had the optimum dielectric characteristics of all the as-prepared samples, with the maximum output voltage and current of 4.4 V and 0.66 μA, respectively, with an applied force of ~2N. Fine-tuning the BaTiO3 content and thickness of the PNGs is likely to increase the harvester’s performance even more. It is anticipated that the work would make it easier to fabricate high-performance piezoelectric films and would be a suitable choice for creating high-performance PNG.

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