destructive testing
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2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 72-77
Evgenii Sniatkov ◽  
Fatma Mirzoeva ◽  
Muslim Tsuev

Modern methods of restoring body parts of a car include many interrelated operations performed in accordance with certain requirements. Carried out repairs are usually con-trolled both by the organization that carried out the repairs and by the car owner. Often after the repair, there is disagreement in the assessment of quality. The article describes the methodology for de-termining the location of damage hidden from observation without using the destructive meth-od. Based on the application of non-destructive testing and analysis of chronology, conclusions are drawn about the cause of the formation of convex deformities of the sweat. Practical value. The article may be useful to specialists working in the field of body repair, as well as experts evaluating the quality of body repair

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 630
Tomasz Chady ◽  
Ryszard D. Łukaszuk ◽  
Krzysztof Gorący ◽  
Marek J. Żwir

This paper proposes and experimentally investigates a novel nondestructive testing method for ferromagnetic elements monitoring, the Magnetic Recording Method (MRM). In this method, the inspected element must be magnetized in a strictly defined manner before operation. This can be achieved using an array of permanent magnets arranged to produce a quasi-sinusoidal magnetization path. The magnetic field caused by the original residual magnetization of the element is measured and stored for future reference. After the operation or loading, the magnetic field measurement is repeated. Analysis of relative changes in the magnetic field (for selected components) allows identifying applied stress. The proposed research methodology aims to provide information on the steel structure condition unambiguously and accurately. An interpretation of the results without referring to the original magnetization is also possible but could be less accurate. The method can be used as a standard technique for NDT (Non-Destructive Testing) or in structural health monitoring (SHM) systems.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1049 ◽  
pp. 282-288
S.F. Dmitriev ◽  
Vladimir Malikov ◽  
Alexey Ishkov ◽  
Sergey Voinash ◽  
Marat Kalimullin ◽  

This research is devoted to the application of non-destructive testing methods for detecting defects of the internal structure of the material in steel pipelines. Despite the use of modern approaches to the design and manufacture of pipelines, which make it possible to lay a significant margin of safety in the created system, the task of developing new approaches to measuring the technical and operational characteristics and parameters of steel parts using software and hardware complexes for non-destructive testing does not lose its relevance. The paper presents the results of the development of defect detection system aimed at detecting damage of the structure of the material with a diameter of 0.2 mm and located at a depth of up to 2 mm. The proposed system is based on the physical principles of the influence of the existing defect on the value of the transformer voltage, which is induced in the measurement circuit of the sensor built on eddy current effects. The focus of the research is the relationship between the linear dimensions of the defect, its location and the generated voltage indications of the developed sensor. Also, within the framework of the study, the results of processing and analysis of the data collected by the defect detection system are presented, the result of which was the determination of the parameters of the detected defects.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1049 ◽  
pp. 275-281
Vladimir Gadalov ◽  
Irina Vornacheva ◽  
Sergey Safonov ◽  
Damir Nuretdinov ◽  
Victoria Alexandrovna Sokolova ◽  

Over a long period of operation, under the influence of corrosion and stresses from the acting forces, metal structures lose their strength. There is a need for their periodic non-destructive testing. The development of new methods is relevant in the field of control of building metal structures, such as bridge structures, structures of building cranes and other mechanical engineering products. The applied methods should be reliable and should not require huge material and labor costs. In this work, informational relationships between acoustic characteristics and parameters of metal microstructure are established. The proposed method can be useful for specialists and experts in the field of monitoring the technical condition of metal products requiring non-destructive testing. The safety of the operated objects depends on the accuracy of the applied criteria, as well as the degree of resource saving due to the full use of the product resource.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 642
Kun Wang ◽  
Tao Leng ◽  
Jie Mao ◽  
Guoxuan Lian ◽  
Changzhi Zhou

Acoustic microimaging (AMI), a technology for high-resolution imaging of materials using a scanning acoustic microscope, has been widely used for non-destructive testing and evaluation of electronic packages. Recently, the internal features and defects of electronic packages have reached the resolution limits of conventional time domain or frequency domain AMI methods with the miniaturization of electronic packages. Various time-frequency domain AMI methods have been developed to achieve super-resolution. In this paper, the sparse representation of AMI signals is studied, and a constraint dictionary-based sparse representation (CD-SR) method is proposed. First, the time-frequency parameters of the atom dictionary are constrained according to the AMI signal to constitute a constraint dictionary. Then, the AMI signal is sparsely decomposed using the matching pursuit algorithm, and echoes selection and echoes reconstruction are performed. The performance of CD-SR was quantitatively evaluated by simulated and experimental ultrasonic A-scan signals. The results demonstrated that CD-SR has superior longitudinal resolution and robustness.

2022 ◽  
E. Putilova

Abstract. The development of trunk pipelines network, taking into accont their operation in difficult climatic conditions, leads to the creation and the development of non-destructive testing methods to control the stress-strain state of the pipe itself, as well as welded joints. This work presents the results of studies of the microstructure, as well as the mechanical and magnetic characteristics of the metal cut from different zones of the welded joint of X80 strength class pipe steel.

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