adaptive learning
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Kamilia Hosny ◽  
Abeer El-korany

<p>Adaptive learning is one of the most widely used data driven approach to teaching and it received an increasing attention over the last decade. It aims to meet the student’s characteristics by tailoring learning courses materials and assessment methods. In order to determine the student’s characteristics, we need to detect their learning styles according to visual, auditory or kinaesthetic (VAK) learning style. In this research, an integrated model that utilizes both semantic and machine learning clustering methods is developed in order to cluster students to detect their learning styles and recommend suitable assessment method(s) accordingly. In order to measure the effectiveness of the proposed model, a set of experiments were conducted on real dataset (Open University Learning Analytics Dataset). Experiments showed that the proposed model is able to cluster students according to their different learning activities with an accuracy that exceeds 95% and predict their relative assessment method(s) with an average accuracy equals to 93%.</p>

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (4) ◽  
pp. 1-40
Weiyu Ji ◽  
Xiangwu Meng ◽  
Yujie Zhang

POI recommendation has become an essential means to help people discover attractive places. Intuitively, activities have an important impact on users’ decision-making, because users select POIs to attend corresponding activities. However, many existing studies ignore the social motivation of user behaviors and regard all check-ins as influenced only by individual user interests. As a result, they cannot model user preferences accurately, which degrades recommendation effectiveness. In this article, from the perspective of activities, this study proposes a probabilistic generative model called STARec. Specifically, based on the social effect of activities, STARec defines users’ social preferences as distinct from their individual interests and combines these with individual user activity interests to effectively depict user preferences. Moreover, the inconsistency between users’ social preferences and their decisions is modeled. An activity frequency feature is introduced to acquire accurate user social preferences because of close correlation between these and the key impact factor of corresponding check-ins. An alias sampling-based training method was used to accelerate training. Extensive experiments were conducted on two real-world datasets. Experimental results demonstrated that the proposed STARec model achieves superior performance in terms of high recommendation accuracy, robustness to data sparsity, effectiveness in handling cold-start problems, efficiency, and interpretability.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Chuan Mou ◽  
Yi Tian ◽  
Fengrui Zhang ◽  
Chao Zhu

This study aims to explore the current situation and strategy formulation of sports psychology teaching in colleges and universities following adaptive learning and deep learning under information education. The informatization in physical education, teaching methods, and teaching processes make psychological education more scientific and efficient. First, the relevant theories of adaptive learning and deep learning are introduced, and an adaptive learning analysis model is implemented. Second, based on the deep learning automatic encoder, college students’ sports psychology is investigated and the test results are predicted. Finally, the current situation and development strategy of physical education in colleges and universities are analyzed. The results show that when the learning rate is 1, 0.1, and 0.01, there is no significant change in the analysis factors of recall, ndcg, item_coverage, and sps. When the learning rate is 1, their analysis factors change obviously, and it is calculated that the optimal learning rate of the model is 1. And the difficulty of the recommended test questions by using the sports psychology teaching method based on adaptive learning and deep learning is relatively stable. The test questions include various language points of sports psychology. Compared with others methods, adaptive learning and deep learning can provide comprehensive test questions for sports psychology teaching. This study provides technical support for the reform of sports psychology teaching in colleges and universities and contributes to optimizing the information-based teaching mode.

2022 ◽  
pp. 103-115
Saman Rizvi ◽  
Bart Rienties ◽  
Jekaterina Rogaten ◽  
René Kizilcec

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Hong-Ren Chen ◽  
Wen-Chiao Hsu

Flipped learning could improve the learning effectiveness of students. However, some studies have pointed out the limitations related to flipped classrooms because the content of the flipped course does not vary according to the needs of the students. On the other hand, adaptive teaching, which customizes the learning mode according to the individual needs of students, can make up for some of the shortcomings of flipped teaching. This study combines adaptive teaching with flipped teaching and applies it to face-to-face classroom activities. The purpose of this research is to explore whether the implementation of flipping and adaptive learning in a computer programming course can improve the learning effectiveness of students. The experimental subjects of this study are the sophomore students in the Department of Information Management. The flipped classroom with adaptive instruction has been realized in the limited course time. This study uses questionnaires to collect pre- and post-test data on the “learning motivation” of students. The learning effectiveness was evaluated based on the students' previous programming course (C language) and the semester scores of this course. Research results show that the post-test “learning motivation” has improved overall compared with the pre-test, and the learning effect is significant. The results of this research not only prove the effectiveness of modern teaching theories in programming courses but also lay the foundation for future teaching design.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Jun Zhao ◽  
Qingliang Zeng

Although solving the robust control problem with offline manner has been studied, it is not easy to solve it using the online method, especially for uncertain systems. In this paper, a novel approach based on an online data-driven learning is suggested to address the robust control problem for uncertain systems. To this end, the robust control problem of uncertain systems is first transformed into an optimal problem of the nominal systems via selecting an appropriate value function that denotes the uncertainties, regulation, and control. Then, a data-driven learning framework is constructed, where Kronecker’s products and vectorization operations are used to reformulate the derived algebraic Riccati equation (ARE). To obtain the solution of this ARE, an adaptive learning law is designed; this helps to retain the convergence of the estimated solutions. The closed-loop system stability and convergence have been proved. Finally, simulations are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the method.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 320
Jinyu Bao ◽  
Xiaoling Zhang ◽  
Tianwen Zhang ◽  
Xiaowo Xu

Most existing SAR moving target shadow detectors not only tend to generate missed detections because of their limited feature extraction capacity among complex scenes, but also tend to bring about numerous perishing false alarms due to their poor foreground–background discrimination capacity. Therefore, to solve these problems, this paper proposes a novel deep learning network called “ShadowDeNet” for better shadow detection of moving ground targets on video synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. It utilizes five major tools to guarantee its superior detection performance, i.e., (1) histogram equalization shadow enhancement (HESE) for enhancing shadow saliency to facilitate feature extraction, (2) transformer self-attention mechanism (TSAM) for focusing on regions of interests to suppress clutter interferences, (3) shape deformation adaptive learning (SDAL) for learning moving target deformed shadows to conquer motion speed variations, (4) semantic-guided anchor-adaptive learning (SGAAL) for generating optimized anchors to match shadow location and shape, and (5) online hard-example mining (OHEM) for selecting typical difficult negative samples to improve background discrimination capacity. We conduct extensive ablation studies to confirm the effectiveness of the above each contribution. We perform experiments on the public Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) video SAR data. Experimental results reveal the state-of-the-art performance of ShadowDeNet, with a 66.01% best f1 accuracy, in contrast to the other five competitive methods. Specifically, ShadowDeNet is superior to the experimental baseline Faster R-CNN by a 9.00% f1 accuracy, and superior to the existing first-best model by a 4.96% f1 accuracy. Furthermore, ShadowDeNet merely sacrifices a slight detection speed in an acceptable range.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Jue Wang ◽  
Kaihua Liang

One advantage of an adaptive learning system is the ability to personalize learning to the needs of individual users. Realizing this personalization requires first a precise diagnosis of individual users’ relevant attributes and characteristics and the provision of adaptability-enabling resources and pathways for feedback. In this paper, a preconcept system is constructed to diagnose users' cognitive status of specific learning content, including learning progress, specific preconcept viewpoint, preconcept source, and learning disability. The “Force and Movement” topic from junior high school physics is used as a case study to describe the method for constructing a preconception system. Based on the preconception system, a method and application process for diagnosing user cognition is introduced. This diagnosis method is used in three ways: firstly, as a diagnostic dimension for an adaptive learning system, improving the ability of highly-adaptive learning systems to support learning activities, such as through visualization of the cognition states of students; secondly, for an attribution analysis of preconceptions to provide a basis for adaptive learning organizations; and finally, for predicting the obstacles users may face in the learning process, in order to provide a basis for adaptive learning pathways.

YEkatyerina Kashtanova ◽  
A. Zavelickaya

The article discusses issues related to the main trends in corporate learning and the creation of a model of adaptive learning organizations. As one of the main conditions for their activities, the idea of forming a knowledge management system in adaptive learning organizations, widespread use of corporate knowledge portals, and empowering communities of practice is put forward and substantiated. In this regard, the article focuses on the peculiarities of their construction and functioning. A list of the main problems that arise in the knowledge management system is given, and the ways of their solution are determined. Particularly interesting is the question of modern new functions of the knowledge management system, an overview of the current existing experience of solving this using e-learning and vr-technologies is given.

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