accounting information quality
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2022 ◽  
Vol 33 (88) ◽  
pp. 96-111
Author(s):  
Claudio Marcio Pereira da Cunha ◽  
Pedro Paulo Furbino Bretas Barros

ABSTRACT This paper aimed to evaluate the moderation by variables related to incentives for earnings management (indebtedness, profitability, and size) over the effect of the change in standards (accounting or tax) on the book-tax differences (BTD). The end of the Transitional Tax Regime (RTT) enables us to evaluate the symmetry between the divergence and reconvergence of the accounting and tax standards, helping to identify the moderating effect of characteristics such as size, leverage, and profitability over the use of the discretion allowed by the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Studying the effects of changes in the standards contributes to understanding how they affect accounting information quality, particularly when we observe symmetrical movements of divergence of the accounting and tax standards, such as IFRS adoption, and of reconvergence, with the end of the RTT. The analysis conducted enables us to separate effects of divergence between the tax and accounting standards from the innovations introduced by the IFRS. An understanding of the effect of the standard over accounting information quality contributes to the quality of the work of financial analysts, tax authorities, and regulators. Event studies are conducted to evaluate the effect of IFRS adoption, as well as the end of the RTT, over the BTD (a proxy for earnings management), in cross sections of companies. We use explanatory variables related to incentives to manage book and taxable income (indebtedness, profitability, and size), which could explain the ambiguity of the results in the literature. The article provides evidence that the indebtedness and size of companies influence the effect of IFRS adoption, as well as of the end of the RTT. We observed a negative relationship of indebtedness and size with the impact of changes in standards over differences between book and taxable income (BTD).


2022 ◽  
Vol 34 (3) ◽  
pp. 0-0

This paper takes the listed companies in China from 2008 to 2017 as the research sample to study the relationship between accounting information quality (AIQ) and company innovation investment efficiency. The results show that AIQ is negatively correlated with both the underinvestment and overinvestment of corporate innovation. Further, AIQ can alleviate financing constraints and reduce the lack of innovation investment; At the same time, AIQ can also alleviate the agency conflict and reduce the excessive investment in innovation. Finally, AIQ can promote the innovation investment efficiency of companies with low information environment.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Mahsa Amiran ◽  
Abdorreza Asadi ◽  
Maryam Oladi

The conflicts of interest between managers and shareholders force managers to make decisions that do not meet the interests of shareholders. One of these decisions is to invest less in the company’s operational activities. Increasing the information quality is one way to prevent that issue, allowing stakeholders to monitor investment decisions. The present study investigates the relation of accounting information quality, corporate investment, and ownership structure for Iranian firms, using panel data analysis from 2009 to 2018. We applied a multiple regression model to test the hypotheses. The results show that the quality of accounting information significantly affects the investment decision for the company’s main operations, so the first hypothesis of the research is confirmed. At the same time, there is no effect of capital structure on accounting information quality and firms’ investment decisions. Thus, the second hypothesis of the research failed to be confirmed.


Author(s):  
Galumbang Hutagalung ◽  

This study aims to examine and analyze the effect of Production Planning and Sales & Distribution variables on The Accounting Information Quality moderated by personal competence at PT Aneka Gas Industri Tbk Wil I North Sumatra. Type of this research using causal research. This study using 126 respondent as a sample with cencus method, questionnaire were given and filled out by employees of PT Aneka Gas Industri Tbk Wil I North Sumatra using ERP-SAP. The data were analyzed using the partial least squares (SEM-PLS) structural equation model. The results of this study indicate that the Production Planning variable has a significant and positive effect on the accounting information quality. Sales & Distribution variables have a significant and positive effect on the accounting information quality. In addition, this study also found that personal competence did not moderate the effect of Production Planning and Sales & Distribution variables on The Accounting Information Quality.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 1
Author(s):  
Muljanto Siladjaja ◽  
Yuli Anwar

This research mapped investor perception on high accounting information quality, particularly the accurate prediction model for future returns. The high financial reporting quality indicates the company's prospective improvement in the future under the right management. This positively affects market price fluctuation, where the investor has minimum distortion on accounting information and low risk. The obedience to accounting standards and tax regulation illustrates actual earnings in reducing agency cost's volatile movement. This study used questionnaires to gather information. The respondents were related parties with dominant influence in investment, specifically 384 samples. Through the structural equation model, the mapping of earnings quality, future market value, and dividend policy played a critical role in minimizing misleading information and improving accounting information quality. The high financial reporting quality indicates the managements' obedience in maximum implementation of regulations with continuous improvements. In this regard, the dividend policy has significantly contributed to the improvement of the earnings quality. The Decision Tree Model was used in mapping investor perception on earnings quality to estimate the high probability of a long or short position for their maximum utility. When the dividend policy is used as a mandatory indirect obligation, the management should provide high accounting information quality.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ismail Kalash

PurposeThe purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of accounting information quality (AIQ) and firm risk on the corporate sustainability performance (CSP) of Turkish listed firms.Design/methodology/approachThis study used data of 70 firms listed on Istanbul Stock Exchange during the period 2014–2019. Binary and ordinal logistic regression models are used to examine the factors affecting CSP as proxied by the membership to BIST Sustainability Index.FindingsThe results of this research indicate that AIQ is negatively related to CSP in firms with severe agency problem. The results also show a significant negative relationship between accounting earnings volatility and CSP. However, the effect of stock return volatility on CSP is not significant. Furthermore, the findings reveal that the possibility of being a member of Turkish sustainability index is higher for larger firms, firms that are included in BIST Corporate Governance Index and firms with high leverage, more research and development (R&D) intensity and high brand value.Practical implicationsThe results of this study provide implications for policymakers, investors and firms about the role of firm characteristics in determining CSP.Originality/valueTo the author's knowledge, this study is the first to explore the effect of AIQ and firm risk on CSP in the Turkish context.


Author(s):  
T.C. Macgregor ◽  
J.N Nwaiwu

But knowing the unknown and therefore estimating the relationship between accounting information quality and corporate performance are still a difficult task. The aim of this empirical study is to explore the relationship between the accounting information quality and corporate performance of oil and gas companies in Nigeria. Data on different types of accounting information quality and return on equity were primarily collected from the respondents and analyzed using ordinary least square regression analysis the data with the aid of statistical package for social sciences version 25.0. The empirical result indicates that accounting information quality significantly relate to return n equity; explaining about 85.1% of the total variation in return and equity. Relevance, faithful representation was each found to significantly relate to return on equity. The study empirically conclude that accounting information quality has the potency to make significant contribution to quoted financial performance of oil and gas companies and recommends that having investigated theoretical and empirical issues, also considering the findings and conclusion, the following recommendations were made: There should be need for preparers of accounting information to improve on the accounting information quality devoid of window dressing and creative accounting, regular disclosure, transparency and accountability of such accounting information is required since investors are sensitive to qualitative and quantitative accounting information in assessing the performance of quoted oil companies in and outside Nigeria. Also in line with qualitative and quantitative of accounting information quality, financial statements of quoted oil companies in Nigeria should be prepared and presented according to laid down regulations and ethical standards duly observed to ensure accounting information presented for among users, most and public consumption do represent the oil companies’ economic reality during reported periods.


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