formation control
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2022 ◽  
Vol 136 ◽  
pp. 103513
Mengchi Cai ◽  
Qing Xu ◽  
Chaoyi Chen ◽  
Jiawei Wang ◽  
Keqiang Li ◽  

Automatica ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 136 ◽  
pp. 110077
Yibei Li ◽  
Xiaoming Hu

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 755
Kai Cao ◽  
Yangquan Chen ◽  
Song Gao ◽  
Hang Zhang ◽  
Haixin Dang

In view of the low formation redundancy in the traditional rigid formation algorithm and its difficulty in dynamically adapting to the external environment, this study considers the use of the CVT (centroidal Voronoi tessellation) algorithm to control multiple robots to form the desired formation. This method significantly increases the complexity of the multi-robot system, its structural redundancy, and its internal carrying capacity. First, we used the CVT algorithm to complete the Voronoi division of the global map, and then changed the centroid position of the Voronoi cell by adjusting the density function. When the algorithm converged, it could ensure that the position of the generated point was the centroid of each Voronoi cell and control the robot to track the position of the generated point to form the desired formation. The use of traditional formations requires less consideration of the impact of the actual environment on the health of robots, the overall mission performance of the formation, and the future reliability. We propose a health optimization management algorithm based on minor changes to the original framework to minimize the health loss of robots and reduce the impact of environmental restrictions on formation sites, thereby improving the robustness of the formation system. Simulation and robot formation experiments proved that the CVT algorithm could control the robots to quickly generate formations, easily switch formations dynamically, and solve the formation maintenance problem in obstacle scenarios. Furthermore, the health optimization management algorithm could maximize the life of unhealthy robots, making the formation more robust when performing tasks in different scenarios.

Ali Azarbahram ◽  
Naser Pariz ◽  
Mohammad-Bagher Naghibi-Sistani ◽  
Reihaneh Kardehi Moghaddam

This article proposes an event-triggered control framework to satisfy the tracking formation performance for a group of uncertain non-linear n-link robotic manipulators. The robotic manipulators are configured as a multi-agent system and they communicate over a directed graph (digraph). Furthermore, the non-linear robotic manipulator-multi-agent systems are subject to stochastic environmental loads. By introducing extra virtual controllers in the final step of the backstepping design, a total number of n event-triggering mechanisms are introduced independently for each link of all the robotic manipulator agents to update the control inputs in a fully distributed manner. More precisely, the actuator of each link of a particular agent is capable of being updated independent of other link actuator updates. A rigorous proof of the convergence of all the closed-loop signals in probability is then given and the Zeno phenomenon is excluded for the control event-triggered architectures. The simulation experiments finally quantify the effectiveness of proposed approach in terms of reducing the number of control updates and handling the stochastic environmental loads.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 535
Wenbo Suo ◽  
Mengyang Wang ◽  
Dong Zhang ◽  
Zhongjun Qu ◽  
Lei Yu

The formation control technology of the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) swarm is a current research hotspot, and formation switching and formation obstacle avoidance are vital technologies. Aiming at the problem of formation control of fixed-wing UAVs in distributed ad hoc networks, this paper proposed a route-based formation switching and obstacle avoidance method. First, the consistency theory was used to design the UAV swarm formation control protocol. According to the agreement, the self-organized UAV swarm could obtain the formation waypoint according to the current position information, and then follow the corresponding rules to design the waypoint to fly around and arrive at the formation waypoint at the same time to achieve formation switching. Secondly, the formation of the obstacle avoidance channel was obtained by combining the geometric method and an intelligent path search algorithm. Then, the UAV swarm was divided into multiple smaller formations to achieve the formation obstacle avoidance. Finally, the abnormal conditions during the flight were handled. The simulation results showed that the formation control technology based on distributed ad hoc network was reliable and straightforward, easy to implement, robust in versatility, and helpful to deal with the communication anomalies and flight anomalies with variable topology.

2022 ◽  
Robert A. Selje ◽  
Amer Al-Radaideh ◽  
Rajdeep Dutta ◽  
Liang Sun

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