biginelli reaction
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2021 ◽  
Vol 222 (23) ◽  
pp. 2170046
Da Zhang ◽  
Jinxin Zheng ◽  
Pengfei Zhang ◽  
Ronghui Zhao ◽  
Zhuo Chen ◽  

Synlett ◽  
2021 ◽  
Kenneth K. Laali ◽  
Rajesh G. Kalkhambkar ◽  
Suraj M. Sutar

AbstractThe Account describes recent advances, from the authors’ laboratories, in the synthesis of diverse libraries of small-molecule building blocks employing ionic liquids (ILs). The ability of ILs to act as catalysts/promoters/solvents for electrophilic and onium ion chemistry, as well as in metal-mediated cross-coupling reactions, and the potential to sequence/hyphenate these methods, have opened up new opportunities for facile assembly of functional small molecules with increased complexity from readily available precursors. While Brønsted acidic IL/IL solvent mixtures are suitable media for carbocation and onium ion chemistry, piperidine-appended IL/IL solvent mixtures can successfully catalyze a variety of base-catalyzed reactions. Several widely practiced transformations including ‘name reactions’ were adapted and performed efficiently in ILs.1 Introduction2 Aryldiazonium Salts and Aryltriazenes as Coupling Partners in Metal-Mediated C–C Cross-Coupling Reactions in ILs3 Expanding the Scope of Metal-Mediated Cross-Coupling Reactions in ILs4 Application of ILs in Synthesis and Functionalization of Hetero­cycles5 Expanding the Scope of Amide Synthesis in ILs6 Generation and Chemistry of ‘Tamed’ Propargylic Cations in ILs7 Newer Nitration Methods for Arenes and Heteroarenes in ILs8 Halofunctionalization in ILs9 ‘Name Reactions’and Other Widely Practiced Synthetic Transformations in ILs9.1 The Biginelli Reaction9.2 Nitrile Synthesis by the Schmidt Reaction9.3 Rupe Rearrangement9.4 Synthesis of 1,3-Dioxanes via Prins Reaction in [BMIM(SO3H)][OTf]9.5 Synthesis of Cyclopropanes and Oxiranes by the Corey–Chaykovsky (CC) Reaction10 Conclusions and Closing Remarks

Amreen Khanum ◽  
Riyaz-ur-Rahaman Khan ◽  
Mangalavathi M ◽  
Mohamed Afzal Pasha

Aim and objective: A single-pot three-component reaction for a competent preparation of biologically active 3,4-dihydropyrimidineones/-thiones using Silica Iodide (SiO2-I) as a reliable and reusable heterogeneous catalyst is developed. Methods: The reaction proceeds via condensation of araldehydes, urea/thiourea, ethyl acetoacetate in ethanol under ultrasonic condition to afford the target molecules in best yields. The reaction proceeds in 30 min and SiO2-I has shown high proficiency in performing this single-pot Biginelli reaction. Results: The use of catalytic SiO2–I (0.1 g) accelerated the reaction and gave the product in excellent yield. Maximum yield of the product was found to be 96% in ethanol Conclusion: Study concludes the used method has shown many advantages, mild condition, short duration, simple isolation and best yields of products.                   Peer Review History: Received: 10 September 2021; Revised: 18 October; Accepted: 02 October, Available online: 15 November 2021 Academic Editor:  Ahmad Najib, Universitas Muslim Indonesia,  Indones UJPR follows the most transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system. The identity of the authors and, reviewers will be known to each other. This transparent process will help to eradicate any possible malicious/purposeful interference by any person (publishing staff, reviewer, editor, author, etc) during peer review. As a result of this unique system, all reviewers will get their due recognition and respect, once their names are published in the papers. We expect that, by publishing peer review reports with published papers, will be helpful to many authors for drafting their article according to the specifications. Auhors will remove any error of their article and they will improve their article(s) according to the previous reports displayed with published article(s). The main purpose of it is ‘to improve the quality of a candidate manuscript’. Our reviewers check the ‘strength and weakness of a manuscript honestly’. There will increase in the perfection, and transparency.  Received file:                Reviewer's Comments: Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 5.5/10 Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.0/10 Reviewers: Prof. Dr. Hassan A.H. Al-Shamahy, Sana'a University, Yemen, [email protected] Dr. Sunita Singh, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA, [email protected] Idoko Alexander, Caritas University, Enugu, Nigeria, [email protected] Similar Articles: GREEN, RAPID, SIMPLE, AND AN EFFECTIVE ONE-POT MULTICOMPONENT STRATEGY FOR SYNTHESIS OF NOVEL DIHYDROPYRANO[2,3-C]PYRAZOL-6-AMINES IN AQUEOUS MEDIUM

Khadijah M. Al-Zaydi ◽  
Modi Al-Boqami ◽  
Noha M. H. Elnagdi

2021 ◽  
Negin Rostami ◽  
Mohammad G Dekamin ◽  
Ehsan Valiey ◽  
Hamidreza FaniMoghadam

Abstract In this study, the new asparagine grafted on the EDTA-modified Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell (Fe3O4@SiO2-APTS-EDTA-asparagine) magnetic nanoparticles were prepared and their structures were properly confirmed using different spectroscopic, microscopic and magnetic methods or techniques such as FT-IR, EDX, XRD, FESEM, TEM, TGA and VSM. The Fe3O4@SiO2-APTS-EDTA-asparagine core-shell nanomaterial was examined, as a highly efficient multifunctional and recoverable nanocatalyst, for the synthesis of a wide range of nitrogen-containing heterocycles and biologically-active 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one derivatives under solvent-free conditions. It was proved that Fe3O4@SiO2-APTS-EDTA-asparagine MNPs, as a catalyst having excellent thermally and magnetic stability, specific morphology and acidic sites, can activate the Biginelli reaction components. Moreover, environmental-friendliness and nontoxic nature properties of the catalyst, cost effectiveness, low catalyst loading, easy separation of the catalyst from products and short time of reaction are some of the remarkable advantages of this green protocol.

Itamar Luís Gonçalves ◽  
Gustavo Machado das Neves ◽  
Luciano Porto Kagami ◽  
Guilherme Arraché Gonçalves ◽  
Leonardo Davi ◽  

: Dihydropyrimidinones (DHPMs) are heterocycles obtained by the multicomponent Biginelli reaction. Recently, new synthetic protocols have allowed us to explore functionalisation at less explored positions of DHPMs, such as the N1 position. In this context, we have performed a full literature survey of N1-substituted DHPMs. We analysed 27 papers and identified 379 compounds with substituents at the N1 position, most of them with alkyl groups, and of 28% with aromatic substituents attached at the N1 position. N1-substituted DHPMs are explored mainly due to their effects on cancer cell proliferation via numerous targets, such as kinesin Eg5, heat shock protein 70, heat shock protein 90 and the epidermal growth factor receptor. Similarity analyses were performed using the data of 379 DHPMs from different cheminformatic approaches, i.e. chemical property correlations, principal component analysis, similarity networks and compound clustering.

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