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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-22
Author(s):  
Yanchen Qiao ◽  
Weizhe Zhang ◽  
Xiaojiang Du ◽  
Mohsen Guizani

With the construction of smart cities, the number of Internet of Things (IoT) devices is growing rapidly, leading to an explosive growth of malware designed for IoT devices. These malware pose a serious threat to the security of IoT devices. The traditional malware classification methods mainly rely on feature engineering. To improve accuracy, a large number of different types of features will be extracted from malware files in these methods. That brings a high complexity to the classification. To solve these issues, a malware classification method based on Word2Vec and Multilayer Perception (MLP) is proposed in this article. First, for one malware sample, Word2Vec is used to calculate a word vector for all bytes of the binary file and all instructions in the assembly file. Second, we combine these vectors into a 256x256x2-dimensional matrix. Finally, we designed a deep learning network structure based on MLP to train the model. Then the model is used to classify the testing samples. The experimental results prove that the method has a high accuracy of 99.54%.


2022 ◽  
Vol 29 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-33
Author(s):  
Nigel Bosch ◽  
Sidney K. D'Mello

The ability to identify whether a user is “zoning out” (mind wandering) from video has many HCI (e.g., distance learning, high-stakes vigilance tasks). However, it remains unknown how well humans can perform this task, how they compare to automatic computerized approaches, and how a fusion of the two might improve accuracy. We analyzed videos of users’ faces and upper bodies recorded 10s prior to self-reported mind wandering (i.e., ground truth) while they engaged in a computerized reading task. We found that a state-of-the-art machine learning model had comparable accuracy to aggregated judgments of nine untrained human observers (area under receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC] = .598 versus .589). A fusion of the two (AUC = .644) outperformed each, presumably because each focused on complementary cues. Furthermore, adding more humans beyond 3–4 observers yielded diminishing returns. We discuss implications of human–computer fusion as a means to improve accuracy in complex tasks.


Medicina ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 58 (1) ◽  
pp. 119
Author(s):  
Stephen J. Usala ◽  
María Elena Alliende ◽  
A. Alexandre Trindade

Background and Objectives: Home fertility assessment methods (FAMs) for natural family planning (NFP) have technically evolved with the objective metrics of urinary luteinizing hormone (LH), estrone-3-glucuronide (E3G) and pregnanediol-3-glucuronide (PDG). Practical and reliable algorithms for timing the phase of cycle based upon E3G and PDG levels are mostly unpublished and still lacking. Materials and Methods: A novel formulation to signal the transition to the luteal phase was discovered, tested, and developed with a data set of daily E3G and PDG levels from 25 women, 78 cycles, indexed to putative ovulation (day after the urinary LH surge), Day 0. The algorithm is based upon a daily relative progressive change in the ratio, E3G-AUC/PDG-AUC, where E3G-AUC and PDG-AUC are the area under the curve for E3G and PDG, respectively. To improve accuracy the algorithm incorporated a three-fold cycle-specific increase of PDG. Results: An extended negative change in E3G-AUC/PDG-AUC of at least nine consecutive days provided a strong signal for timing the luteal phase. The algorithm correctly identified the luteal transition interval in 78/78 cycles and predicted the start day of the safe period as: Day + 2 in 10/78 cycles, Day + 3 in 21/78 cycles, Day + 4 in 28/78 cycles, Day + 5 in 15/78 cycles, and Day + 6 in 4/78 cycles. The mean number of safe luteal days with this algorithm was 10.3 ± 1.3 (SD). Conclusions: An algorithm based upon the ratio of the area under the curve for daily E3G and PDG levels along with a relative PDG increase offers another approach to time the phase of cycle. This may have applications for NFP/FAMs and clinical evaluation of ovarian function.


Author(s):  
Yong Yang ◽  
Young Chun ko

With the rapid development of online e-commerce, traditional collaborative filtering algorithms have the disadvantages of data set reduction and sparse matrix filling cannot meet the requirements of users. This paper takes handicrafts as an example to propose the design and application of handicraft recommendation system based on an improved hybrid algorithm. Based on the theory of e-commerce system, through the traditional collaborative filtering algorithm of users, the personalized e-commerce system of hybrid algorithm is designed and analyzed. The personalized e-commerce system based on hybrid algorithm is further proposed. The component model of the business recommendation system and the specific steps of the improved hybrid algorithm based on user information are given. Finally, an experimental analysis of the improved hybrid algorithm is carried out. The results show that the algorithm can effectively improve the effectiveness and exemption of recommending handicrafts. What’s more, it can reduce the user item ratings of candidate set and improve accuracy of the forecast recommendation.


Author(s):  
Emerson M. Del Ponte ◽  
Luis Ignacio Cazón ◽  
Kaique S. Alves ◽  
Sarah J. Pethybridge ◽  
Clive H. Bock

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 227
Author(s):  
Mahmoud Omer Mahmoud Awadallah ◽  
Ana Juárez ◽  
Knut Alfredsen

Remotely sensed LiDAR data has allowed for more accurate flood map generation through hydraulic simulations. Topographic and bathymetric LiDARs are the two types of LiDAR used, of which the former cannot penetrate water bodies while the latter can. Usually, the topographic LiDAR is more available than bathymetric LiDAR, and it is, therefore, a very interesting data source for flood mapping. In this study, we made comparisons between flood inundation maps from several flood scenarios generated by the HEC-RAS 2D model for 11 sites in Norway using both bathymetric and topographic terrain models. The main objective is to investigate the accuracy of the flood inundations generated from the plain topographic LiDAR, the links of the inaccuracies with geomorphic features, and the potential of using corrections for missing underwater geometry in the topographic LiDAR data to improve accuracy. The results show that the difference in inundation between topographic and bathymetric LiDAR models decreases with increasing the flood size, and this trend was found to be correlated with the amount of protection embankments in the reach. In reaches where considerable embankments are constructed, the difference between the inundations increases until the embankments are overtopped and then returns to the general trend. In addition, the magnitude of the inundation error was found to correlate positively with the sinuosity and embankment coverage and negatively with the angle of the bank. Corrections were conducted by modifying the flood discharge based on the flight discharge of the topographic LiDAR or by correcting the topographic LiDAR terrain based on the volume of the flight discharge, where the latter method generally gave better improvements.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 517
Author(s):  
Qianfeng Lin ◽  
Jooyoung Son

Concern about the health of people who traveled onboard was raised during the COVID-19 outbreak on the Diamond Princess cruise ship. The ship’s narrow space offers an environment conducive to the virus’s spread. Close contact isolation remains one of the most critical current measures to stop the virus’s rapid spread. Contacts can be identified efficiently by detecting intelligent devices nearby. The smartphone’s Bluetooth RSSI signal is essential data for proximity detection. This paper analyzes Bluetooth RSSI signals available to the public and compares RSSI signals in two distinct poses: standing and sitting. These features can improve accuracy and provide an essential basis for creating algorithms for proximity detection. This allows for improved accuracy in identifying close contacts and can help ships sustainably manage persons onboard in the post-epidemic era.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yang Zhao ◽  
Ziyang Mei ◽  
Jingsong Mao ◽  
Qingliang Zhao ◽  
Gang Liu ◽  
...  

Interventional doctors are exposed to radiation hazards during the operation and endure high work intensity. Remote vascular interventional surgery robotics is a hot research field that can not only protect the health of interventional doctors, but also improve accuracy and efficiency of surgeries. However, the current vascular interventional robots still have many shortcomings to be improved. This article introduces the mechanical structure characteristics of various fields of vascular interventional therapy surgical robots, discusses the current key features of vascular interventional surgical robotics in force sensing, haptic feedback, and control methods, summarizes current frontiers about autonomous surgery, long geographic distances remote surgery and MRI-compatible structures. Finally, combined with the current research status of vascular interventional surgery robots, this article analyzes the development directions and puts forward a vision for the future vascular interventional surgery robots.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Author(s):  
Zhigang Yu ◽  
Yunyun Dong ◽  
Jihong Cheng ◽  
Miaomiao Sun ◽  
Feng Su

Face recognition is a relatively mature technology, which has some applications in many aspects, and now there are many networks studying it, which has indeed brought a lot of convenience to mankind in all aspects. This paper proposes a new face recognition technology. First, a new GoogLeNet-M network is proposed, which improves network performance on the basis of streamlining the network. Secondly, regularization and migration learning methods are added to improve accuracy. The experimental results show that the GoogLeNet-M network with regularization using migration learning technology has the best performance, with a recall rate of 0.97 and an accuracy of 0.98. Finally, it is concluded that the performance of the GoogLeNet-M network is better than other networks on the dataset, and the migration learning method and regularization help to improve the network performance.


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