Problem Solving
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Namsoo Shin ◽  
Jonathan Bowers ◽  
Joseph Krajcik ◽  
Daniel Damelin

AbstractThis paper introduces project-based learning (PBL) features for developing technological, curricular, and pedagogical supports to engage students in computational thinking (CT) through modeling. CT is recognized as the collection of approaches that  involve people in computational problem solving. CT supports students in deconstructing and reformulating a phenomenon such that it can be resolved using an information-processing agent (human or machine) to reach a scientifically appropriate explanation of a phenomenon. PBL allows students to learn by doing, to apply ideas, figure out how phenomena occur and solve challenging, compelling and complex problems. In doing so, students  take part in authentic science practices similar to those of professionals in science or engineering, such as computational thinking. This paper includes 1) CT and its associated aspects, 2) The foundation of PBL, 3) PBL design features to support CT through modeling, and 4) a curriculum example and associated student models to illustrate how particular design features can be used for developing high school physical science materials, such as an evaporative cooling unit to promote the teaching and learning of CT.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (5) ◽  
pp. 249-257
Ariya Purnamasari Dewi ◽  
Casban Casban ◽  
Umi Marfuah ◽  
Didi Sunardi

Pelatihan membaca gambar teknik tidak banyak ditawarkan di pasaran, sehingga mitra mengalami kendala dalam ketersediaan nara sumber yang dapat memberikan materi. Pelatihan ini merupakan kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat tim Dosen Teknik Industri UMJ yang bertujuan untuk memberikan pengetahuan dan pemahaman dalam membaca gambar teknik. Mitra kerjama dalam kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat adalah PT. Indonesia Steel Tube Works (ISTW) Jakarta. Alur langkah kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat dilakukan melalui identifikasi masalah yang terjadi pada mitra, menentukan skala prioritas yang perlu dilakukan tindakan perbaikan, problem solving dengan memberikan pelatihan, feedback berupa evaluasi peninjauan hasil kegiatan pelatihan. Tahapan kegiatan pelatihan yang dilakukan meliputi presentasi materi pelatihan, diskusi, tanya jawab  dan evaluasi pelatihan. Pelaksanaan kegiatan pelatihan dilakukan secara daring dengan menggunakan aplikasi video converence zoom meeting. Materi pelatihan membaca gambar teknik mencakup 4 topik yang meliputi standarisasi, mendeskripsikan gambar teknik, simbol las dan toleransi. Hasil kegiatan pelatihan membaca gambar teknik dalam pengabdian masyarakat untuk tim sales dan produksi PT. ISTW sebagai peserta pelatihan sudah mendapatkan pengetahuan dan pemahaman dalam membaca gambar teknik. Berdasarkan hasil evaluasi kegiatan pelatihan yang sudah dilakukan menyatakan bahwa pelatihan dapat memperluas keilmuan gambar teknik sehingga mitra dapat meningkatkan kemampuan dan keterampilan dalam pelaksanaan tugas dan tanggung jawab pekerjaan yang ada di perusahaan.

Gabriela Wuelser ◽  
Carolina Adler ◽  
Thomas Breu ◽  
Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn ◽  
Urs Wiesmann ◽  

AbstractTo support societal problem solving, transdisciplinary research (TDR) uses knowledge co-production focusing on relevance and validity in a studied case and its particular social–ecological context. In the first instance, the resulting situated knowledge seems to be restricted to these single cases. However, if some of the knowledge generated in TDR could be used in other research projects, this would imply that there is a body of knowledge representing this special type of research. This study used a qualitative approach based on the methodology of grounded theory to empirically examine what knowledge is considered transferable to other cases, if any. 30 leaders of 12 Swiss-based TDR projects in the field of sustainable development were interviewed, representing both academia and practice. The transferable knowledge we found consists of the following: (1) Transdisciplinary principles, (2) transdisciplinary approaches, (3) systematic procedures, (4) product formats, (5) experiential know-how, (6) framings and (7) insights, data and information. The discussion of TDR has predominantly been focusing on transdisciplinary principles and approaches. In order to take knowledge co-production in TDR beyond an unmanageable field of case studies, more efforts in developing and critically discussing transferable knowledge of the other classes are needed, foremost systematic procedures, product formats and framings.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Karly O.W. Chan ◽  
Maggie K.W. Ng ◽  
Joseph C.H. So ◽  
Victor C.W. Chan

PurposeA new academic structure for senior secondary and higher education was introduced to Hong Kong in 2009/2010. This paper aims to: (1) compare the cohort from the old academic structure (Cohort 2010) and the cohort from the new academic structure (Cohort 2015) on the 14 categories of generic competencies; and (2) compare these attributes among students from different divisions in a tertiary institution in Hong Kong.Design/methodology/approachSelf-Assessment of All-Round Development (SAARD) questionnaires were distributed to students who took the two-year sub-degree programmes offered by the College of Professional and Continuing Education, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University in 2010 and 2015 on a self-administered basis. A total of 4,424 students have returned the questionnaires. Data were analyzed with t-test to compare between the two cohorts.FindingsWhen comparing Cohort 2015 with Cohort 2010, significantly higher scores were observed on five areas such as global outlook and healthy lifestyle (p<0.05). Significantly lower scores were observed on the other five areas such as problem solving, critical thinking and leadership (p<0.05). Students from all divisions unanimously showed higher perceived rating on social and national responsibility but lower perceived rating on leadership (p<0.05).Originality/ValueThe elimination of one public examination, the newly included components such as Other Learning Experiences (OLE) and the compulsory Liberal Studies were believed to contribute partially to the diverse responses of the two cohorts. The dramatic change of the curriculum has not changed the examination culture in Hong Kong which may hinder the development of generic skills among students.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. e12741
Brighton Kumatongo ◽  
Kenneth Kapalu Muzata

The level of education attained by students is dependent on their ability to understand learnt concepts and demonstrate their acquired knowledge and skills in problem solving as well as their performance academically. This study sought to investigate the perceptions of lecturers on academic performance of student teachers with hearing impairments. A descriptive case study was used as research design. The study sample included three (3) Lecturers and four (4) student teachers with hearing impairments making the total of seven (7) participants who were purposively sampled. Data was generated using interviews and analysed qualitatively using thematic analysis techniques based on emerging themes from the study. The study revealed that lecturers perceived student teachers with hearing impairments as average and below-average performers academically. The study further revealed that student teachers with hearing impairments had mixed feelings towards their academic performance and perceived their academic performance as being influenced by their inability to understand concepts as well as lecturers’ inability to handle them appropriately. The study recommended the need by educators of students with hearing impairments to have positive perception towards students in order to instill self-positive regard in students. The study further recommended need for lecturers to adapt tests and examinations items in order to accommodate deaf student teachers.

Anastasia Sri Maryatmi ◽  

One of the problems of the Indonesian nation that is difficult to overcome is the rise of commercial sex workers (CSWs). The increasing number of prostitutes is due to economic pressures so that they cannot bear the costs of living, which are currently all too expensive. The difficulty of getting a job made them finally forced to do this job which society considered despicable. The negative label and rejection given by the community to CSWs, cause CSWs to be unable to carry out their social functions properly. The method used is interactive support and feedback in an here and now (here and now) frame of mind. Group counseling, sometimes known as interpersonal problem-solving groups, attempts to help group participants solve common, but often difficult, lives through interpersonal support and problem solving. Another objective is to help participants develop existing skills in solving interpersonal problems so that they will be better able to deal with problems that arise in the future. The data obtained by interview, observation and psychological tests. The data analysis method uses the results of the intervention and determines suitable interventions based on the results of the assessment and evaluation procedures in the assessment process.

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