problem solving
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2022 ◽  
Vol 51 (3) ◽  
pp. 104453
Carolin Haeussler ◽  
Sabrina Vieth

Simone Maddanu ◽  
Hatem N. Akil

Editors’ introductory chapter delineates common threads among the volume’s cross-disciplinary contributions and connects these to the history of research on modernity as well as the most compelling issues confronting us today. The introduction discusses how the pandemic carries on the possibility (threat?) of a tabula rasa condition, a civilizational detour based on a foundation of global awareness of nature and society. The authors support the need for global problem-solving strategies, new global ethics, and a global resource management paradigm solidly cognizant of the commons and redistribution. The introduction explores the main hiatuses in today’s modernity and provides an update to the necessary assertion of a global modernity in the midst of political, ecological, and health crises.

2022 ◽  
Vol 184 ◽  
pp. 11-17
Andrea K. Townsend ◽  
Erik W. Johansson ◽  
Annie C. Danielson ◽  
Amelia Boyd ◽  
Elizabeth Egey ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 05-16
Yaozong Ran

This study aimed to analyze the relations between smartphone addiction, personality traits, achievement motivation and problem-solving ability and explore the influence of smartphone addiction, personality traits, achievement motivation on university students' problem-solving ability. 682 students (male = 227, female = 455) from a Chinese public university participated in the research voluntarily. Data were collected by the short-version of the smartphone addiction scale, the ten-item personality inventory, the achievement motives scale, and the social problem-solving inventory. The correlations and multiple hierarchical regression analysis were used to analyze the data. The results were as follows: Firstly, it was found that there was a significant negative correlation between smartphone addiction and achievement motivation and problem-solving ability, a significant positive correlation between achievement motivation and problem-solving ability, and a significant correlation between the factors of personality traits and smartphone addiction and problem-solving ability respectively. Secondly, it was found that emotional stability of personality traits, smartphone addiction and the "fear of failure" sub-dimensions of achievement motivation significantly explained problem-solving ability. Based on these research results, some suggestions were given for the improvement of the educational field.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-6
Lilik Rita Lindayani ◽  
La Sudu ◽  
Fina Amalia Masri ◽  

Aktivitas menguji tugas akhir pada dosen merupakan bagian rutinitas tridarma. Namun demikian, kegiatan tersebut membutuhkan keterampilan agar pertanyaan yang diajukan kepada mahasiswa terkait rencana penelitian lebih terstruktur dan terarah. Pemberdayaan dosen tetap non-PNS sebagai penguji adalah strategi untuk meningkatkan kompetensi dosen yang bersangkutan, dan juga bentuk upaya menjaga kualitas ujian sebagai sarana pendampingan riset bagi mahasiswa. Kegiatan ini diselenggarakan dalam bentuk sosialisasi dan praktik transfer pengetahuan yang disertai pemecahan masalah (problem solving) dalam mekanisme ujian sistem panel. Hasil akhir menunjukkan bahwa dosen tetap non-PNS bidang kebahasaan sebagai peserta menjadi lebih mampu bersikap konsisten pada bidang keilmuannya pada saat menguji, lebih mampu mengurai perbedaan metodologi dari masing-masing mahasiswa yang diuji, serta bisa mengestimasi waktu dengan lebih baik untuk berbagi dengan para dosen penguji lainnya, serta lebih percaya diri.

Jina Yang ◽  
Kon Hee Kim

In this descriptive study, we aimed to identify factors related to emergency room nurses’ disaster triage ability. A total of 166 nurses who worked for emergency departments of general hospitals completed a structured questionnaire consisting of the Disaster Triage Ability Scale (DTAS), the Strategic Thinking Scale (STS), the Problem-Solving Inventory (PSI), and the Original Grit Scale (Grit-O). The data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 25.0 by means of descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, the Scheffé post hoc test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Participants’ DTAS averaged 14.03 ± 4.28 (Range 0–20) and showed a statistically significant difference according to their experience of triage education (t = 2.26, p = 0.022) as a disaster triage-related attribute. There were significant correlations among DTAS and confidence in the PSI (r = 0.30, p < 0.001), the approach-avoidance style in the PSI (r = −0.28, p < 0.001), and futurism in the STS (r = 0.19, p = 0.019). The strongest predictor was confidence in the PSI; in addition, 14.1% of the DTAS was explained by confidence in the PSI, approach-avoidance in the PSI, and futurism in the STS. Emergency room nurses who received triage education showed a higher level of the DTAS and their DTAS could be explained by problem-solving skills and strategic thinking. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and implement triage education programs integrated with stress management to improve the approach-avoidance style to ensure better problem-solving skills and to utilize various training methods to enhance confidence to improve problem-solving skills and futurism as part of strategic thinking.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 25-35
Rindra Risdiantoro ◽  
Nuriyah Nazilah ◽  
Nuril Ida Aulia ◽  
Dia Septianita Pratiwi

Abstrak. Dakwah islam merupakan suatu kewajiban bagi tiap muslim yang diperintahkan langsung oleh Allah SWT bagi setiap individunya. Akan tetapi dakwah bukan hanya sekedar menyampaikan  lalu selesai begitu saja, melainkan dakwah perlu adanya kekuatan ekstra agar dakwah yang kita sampaikan dapat diterima dan di amalkan oleh seorang mad’u. Selain itu mengontrol dan mengevaluasi hasil dari penyampaian dakwah adalah bagian penting dan urgen dari tujuan kita berdakwah. Problem solving menjadi  salah satu strategi dakwah untuk mengatasi problematika para remaja masa kini. Karena tidak dapat dipungkiri bahwa permasalahan yang terjadi dikalangan remaja dapat menyimpang pada nilai-nilai agama. Kata kunci : Problem solving, dakwah, remaja.

José Antonio González ◽  
Mónica Giuliano ◽  
Silvia N. Pérez

AbstractResearch on impact in student achievement of online homework systems compared to traditional methods is ambivalent. Methodological issues in the study design, besides of technological diversity, can account for this uncertainty. Hypothesis This study aims to estimate the effect size of homework practice with exercises automatically provided by the ‘e-status’ platform, in students from five Engineering programs. Instead of comparing students using the platform with others not using it, we distributed the subject topics into two blocks, and created nine probability problems for each block. After that, the students were randomly assigned to one block and could solve the related exercises through e-status. Teachers and evaluators were masked to the assignation. Five weeks after the assignment, all students answered a written test with questions regarding all topics. The study outcome was the difference between both blocks’ scores obtained from the test. The two groups comprised 163 and 166 students. Of these, 103 and 107 respectively attended the test, while the remainder were imputed with 0. Those assigned to the first block obtained an average outcome of −1.85, while the average in the second block was −3.29 (95% confidence interval of difference, −2.46 to −0.43). During the period in which they had access to the platform before the test, the average total time spent solving problems was less than three hours. Our findings provide evidence that a small amount of active online work can positively impact on student performance.

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