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2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 05-16
Yaozong Ran

This study aimed to analyze the relations between smartphone addiction, personality traits, achievement motivation and problem-solving ability and explore the influence of smartphone addiction, personality traits, achievement motivation on university students' problem-solving ability. 682 students (male = 227, female = 455) from a Chinese public university participated in the research voluntarily. Data were collected by the short-version of the smartphone addiction scale, the ten-item personality inventory, the achievement motives scale, and the social problem-solving inventory. The correlations and multiple hierarchical regression analysis were used to analyze the data. The results were as follows: Firstly, it was found that there was a significant negative correlation between smartphone addiction and achievement motivation and problem-solving ability, a significant positive correlation between achievement motivation and problem-solving ability, and a significant correlation between the factors of personality traits and smartphone addiction and problem-solving ability respectively. Secondly, it was found that emotional stability of personality traits, smartphone addiction and the "fear of failure" sub-dimensions of achievement motivation significantly explained problem-solving ability. Based on these research results, some suggestions were given for the improvement of the educational field.

Patrick Altmann ◽  
Dominik Ivkic ◽  
Markus Ponleitner ◽  
Fritz Leutmezer ◽  
Ulrike Willinger ◽  

Telehealth is a growing domain with particular relevance for remote patient monitoring. With respect to the biopsychosocial model of health, it is important to evaluate perception and satisfaction with new methods in telehealth as part of an integrative approach. The Telemedicine Perception Questionnaire (TMPQ) is a 17-item questionnaire measuring patients’ perception of and satisfaction with telecare. We translated this survey into German and determined its validity and reliability in 32 adolescents and adults. Furthermore, we derived a short version of the TMPQ, named Patient and Physician Satisfaction with Monitoring (PPSM), which is a 5-item questionnaire that can be administered to both patients and physicians. Validity and reliability were tested in 32 patients and 32 physicians. Crohnbach’s α for the translated TMPQ was 0.76, and the German version yielded high validity (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) 0.995). We tested the PPSM in both patients and physicians and found acceptable values for Crohnbach’s α (0.72 and 0.78) with excellent validity (ICC 0.965). We therefore concluded from this small study that both German versions of the TMPQ and PPSM can be used to investigate the acceptance of telehealth applications.

2022 ◽  
Seda Kurt ◽  
Nihan Altan Sarıkaya

Abstract Objective: This cross-sectional study was planned to evaluate the self-efficacy and symptom control of cancer patients and to determine the factors affecting them. Methods: The sample of the study consisted of 329 cancer patients who were treated in the Medical Oncology Clinic of a university hospital between April and June 2019 and accepted to participate in the study. Data were collected using the Patient Characteristics Information Form, Cancer Behavioral Inventory-Short Version (CBI-SV), and Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS). Percentage, mean, Mann Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis analysis of variance were used in the analysis of the data. Results: The mean CBI-SV score of the patients was 79.10±17.55. It was determined that the highest mean score of ESAS of the patients was in the symptom of fatigue (3.53±2.81). Some symptoms were statistically lower in patients with good income, working, and non-smokers. Also it was determined that the self-efficacy levels of the patients with good income and quitting smoking were higher (p<0.05). At the same time, as the patients' self-efficacy scores increased, the severity of the symptoms they experienced decreased statistically (p<0.05). Conclusion: It was found that the patients' self-efficacy score was above the moderate level, the most intense symptom experienced by the patients was fatigue, and the severity of the symptoms decreased as the patients' self-efficacy level increased. In line with these results; the symptoms, self-efficacy perceptions and affecting factors of cancer patients should be evaluated by nurses at regular intervals, and care and consultancy services should be provided.

2022 ◽  
Ali Amirinejad ◽  
Amin Salehi-Abargouei ◽  
Mina Darand ◽  
Ian G. Davies ◽  
Masoud Mirzaei ◽  

Abstract Background: Depression, anxiety, and stress are common mental problems in different populations. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to investigate the association between dietary insulin index (DII) and insulin load (DIL) and psychological disorders. Method: Participants (n = 10,000) aged 20-69 were randomly selected from 200 clusters in Yazd from the recruitment phase of Yazd Health Study. Dietary intake of study participants was collected by a reliable and validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) consisting of 178 food items. DII and DIL were calculated from the FFQ data using previously published reference values. To assess psychological disorders an Iranian validated short version of a self-reported questionnaire (Depression Anxiety Stress Scales 21 [DASS21]) was used.Results: No significant association was observed between DIL and DII with odds of depression or anxiety in crude and adjusted models. The individuals in the highest quartiles of DIL had the lowest odds of stress (OR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.48–1.01, P-trend = 0.047). This association remained significant after adjustment for potential confounders in model II (OR: 0.38; 95% CI: 0.16–0.91, P-trend = 0.039) and the third and final model (OR: 0.39; 95% CI: 0.16–0.91, P-trend = 0.041).Conclusion: Overall, consumption of foods with higher II as well as IL was associated with lower feelings of stress; however, no significant relation was observed between DII or DIL and risk of depression and anxiety. Further studies with longitudinal design are needed to confirm these results.

2022 ◽  
Manish Upreti ◽  
Ambika Dawadi

Abstract BACKGROUND: The Nepal Government imposed two national-level lockdowns to curtail the spread of coronavirus. Schools, colleges, and universities were briefly shut leading students to stay indoors. Change in daily routine, online education and plenty of free time has ultimately led to an increase in use of electronic gadgets like smartphones, laptops, etc. There have not been enough studies to evaluate the usage pattern of electronic gadgets and sleep quality among undergraduate medical students of Nepal before and during the COVID-19 lockdown. Our study aims to evaluate the usage pattern of electronic gadgets and sleep quality among undergraduate medical students before and during the COVID-19 lockdown in Nepal.METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 208 undergraduate medical students of Lumbini Medical College, Tansen, Palpa. Participants were requested to fill up an online questionnaire circulated via Viber and Facebook messenger. Gadget usage pattern and sleep quality before and during COVID-19 lockdown were evaluated using Smartphone addiction score-short version (SAS-SV) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) respectively.RESULTS: Of 208 responses which met the inclusion criteria, smartphone addiction was seen 94 (46.30%) respondents with higher number of male addicts (27.59%). Mean time spent in electronic gadgets raised significantly during lockdown compared to pre-COVID phase. 99 (48.77%) respondents had impaired sleep according to PSQI global sleep score. Significant relation was present between most of the components of PSQI with addicts and non-addicts.CONCLUSION: This study is merely a partial snapshot of the present scenario and provides preliminary understanding on smartphone use pattern and sleep quality among medical students from Nepal. It is critical to decrease total screen time and promote sleep quality for the betterment of physical and mental health of the future health care professionals.

2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
pp. 179-202
Mariel Heredia ◽  
Esther Carlota Gallegos Cabriales

Objective: Describe the relationship between social determinants of health and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Mexican population.Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive correlational study of a sample of 256 individuals from a rural community in Sinaloa, Mexico. Data collection was carried out from October 2020 to February 2021. A snowball non-probability sampling method was used. The Instruments used were the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), short version, the IPAQ-A for adults, the IPAQ-C for children, and a sociodemographic, anthropometric, and clinical data sheet.Results: The most frequent risk indicators for T2DM for adults are hypertension (81.7%) and overweight/obesity (68.6%); in children, it was overweight/obesity (34.9%). The risk of T2DM increased according to age (r = .560, p < .01) but decreased as education level increased (r = −.127, p < .05)Conclusions: The approach to T2DM risk factors from the perspective of social determinants of health allows strategic healthcare planning that considers the contextual factors associated with a lifestyle that reinforces the actions of healthcare providers. Objetivo: Describir la relación de los determinantes sociales de salud con el riesgo de DMT2 en población mexicana.Métodos: Estudio descriptivo correlacional transversal, con una muestra de 256 individuos de una comunidad rural de Sinaloa, México. La recolección de datos se realizó durante octubre de 2020 y febrero de 2021. El muestreo fue no probabilístico por bola de nieve. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el cuestionario internacional de actividad física (IPAQ) versión corta, IPAQ-A, IPAQ-C y una hoja de registro datos sociodemográficos, antropométricos y clínicos.Resultados: Los indicadores de riesgo de DMT2 con mayor frecuencia para adultos fue padecer hipertensión arterial (81.7%) y SP/OB (68.6%) y para menores de edad fue tener SP/OB (34.9%). Resultó que el riesgo de DMT2 se acrecentaba según lo hacía la edad (r = .560, p < .01) pero disminuía al aumentar la escolaridad de las personas (r = -.127, p < .05).Conclusiones: El abordaje de factores de riesgo de DMT2 bajo la perspectiva de los DSS brinda la oportunidad de plantear estrategias de salud que contemplen factores contextuales simultáneos al estilo de vida que refuercen las acciones del personal de salud para contribuir a la reducción de los índices de morbimortalidad causados por la DMT2.

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 232596712110665
Msaad Alzhrani ◽  
Hosam Alzahrani ◽  
Yasir S. Alshehri

Background: The short version of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament–Return to Sport After Injury (ACL-RSI) scale is a self-reported questionnaire developed to assess the psychological readiness of patients to return to sports after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). Purpose: To translate, cross-culturally adapt, and validate the short version of the ACL-RSI scale into the Arabic language (ACL-RSI-Ar). Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. Methods: The original short version of the ACL-RSI scale was forward and backward translated, cross-culturally adapted, and validated following international standardized guidelines. Sixty patients who participated in sports activities and underwent ACLR completed the ACL-RSI-Ar, the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) Subjective Knee Evaluation Form, and Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) scales. To assess test-retest reliability, 34 participants completed the ACL-RSI-Ar scale twice. Statistical tests were conducted to test the internal consistency, reliability, and construct and discriminant validity of the ACL-RSI-Ar scale. Results: The ACL-RSI-Ar showed adequate internal consistency (Cronbach alpha = 0.734) and excellent test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.871). The ACL-RSI-Ar was strongly correlated with the IKDC (Spearman ρ = 0.515, P < .001) and weakly to strongly correlated with all KOOS subscales (Spearman ρ = 0.247-0.590, P < .05). Patients who returned to sports had significantly higher scores on the ACL-RSI-Ar scale when compared with those who did not return to sports ( P = .001). Conclusion: The short ACL-RSI-Ar scale, as translated, was internally consistent, reliable, and valid for evaluating psychological readiness to return to sports after ACLR in Arabic-speaking patients.

2022 ◽  
Maik Bieleke ◽  
Katarzyna Gogol ◽  
Thomas Goetz ◽  
Lia Daniels ◽  
Reinhard Pekrun

The Achievement Emotions Questionnaire (AEQ) is a well-established instrument for measuring achievement emotions in educational research and beyond. Its popularity rests on the coverage of the component structure of various achievement emotions across different academic settings. However, this broad conceptual scope requires the administration of 6 to 12 items per scale (Mdn = 10), which limits the applicability of the AEQ in empirical studies that necessitate brief administration times. We therefore developed the AEQ-S, a short version of the AEQ, with only 4 items per scale that nevertheless maintain the conceptual scope of the instrument. We validated the AEQ-S based on a reanalysis of Pekrun, Goetz, Frenzel, Barchfeld, and Perry's (2011) dataset (N = 389 university students) and by administering them to a new and independent validation sample (N = 471 university students). Despite their brevity, the AEQ-S scales achieved satisfactory reliability and correlated substantially with the original AEQ scales. Moreover, structural relationships and intercorrelations between the scales and their relations with external measures of antecedents and outcomes of achievement emotions were highly similar for the AEQ-S and AEQ scales. These findings suggest that the AEQ-S is a suitable substitute for the AEQ when administration time is limited.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
Ratih Ayuningtyas Pocerattu ◽  
Anggorowati ◽  
Chandra Bagus

Background: Assessment of the needs of palliative care is the first step to know about the picture quality of life and determine interventions to solve problems experienced by patients with chronic conditions and terminal. One of the instruments that can be used is the PROBLEMS AND NEEDS IN PALLIATIVE CARE INSTRUMENT - SHORT VERSION (PNPC-sv). Instrument PNPC-sv examines the 8 dimensions of activity and excersice, physical symptoms, autonomy, psychological, spiritual, financial, and information needs. Methods: This research uses qualitative method with case study approach. Data collection was conducted by means of questionnaires filled in the assessment of the needs of palliative care (PNPC-SV),  then performed in-depth interviews in accordance with the results of the assessment and observation on the 6 participants in the space of oncology in one of hospital in Semarang. Result: The theme results of this research are: (1) Self-acceptance as well as support to the family of the condition of the patient, (2) Influence the patient's psychological to the social environment, (3) the right education to improve the quality of life and (4) The basic components assessment  of the needs palliative care should be assessed by the nurse. Conclusion: The assessment which done in a holistic manner can help the nurse to provide nursing care in accordance with the needs of the patient to face the condition of the disease. The needs of the patient in physical, psychological, social and spiritual is very necessary to maintain the balance of her consistency and integrity in the ability to remain accepted, loved and appreciated by others. Keywords: The need for palliative care, PNPC-SV, cancer patients.

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