starter culture
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2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 34-41
H. A. Jonathan ◽  
I. N. Fitriawati ◽  
I. I. Arief ◽  
M. S. Soenarno ◽  
R. H. Mulyono

Yogurt can be made from homogenized milk, low-fat milk or skimmed milk with the addition of powdered milk. Starter culture commonly used in yogurt is Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophillus can not survive in environments with high acidity, so probiotics needed. One of the fruits that can be used in the process of making yogurt is red fruit (Pandanus Conoideus L). The purpose of this study was to analyze the physical and organoleptic properties of probiotic yogurt given the addition of red fruit. The observed physical characteristics consist of pH, viscosity, total acid concentration and water activity (aw) and organoleptic arachnids observed consisting of color, flavour, aroma and consistency. This research was using a complete randomized design (RAL). The results showed that the addition of red fruit has a real effect (P<0.05) on pH, viscosity and total acid titrated and organoleptic test shows the addition of red fruit has a noticeable effect on color, flavour, aroma and viscosity in hedonic quality tests, then in hedonic tests affect aroma and flavour. Based on the results of yogurt testing with the addition of 2.5% this is the closest to control and acceptable to Indonesian National Standards (SNI).

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0261677
Dorota Litwinek ◽  
Jakub Boreczek ◽  
Halina Gambuś ◽  
Krzysztof Buksa ◽  
Wiktor Berski ◽  

Starter cultures composed of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were developed based on the genotypic and phenotypic characterisation of isolates belonging to dominant groups of bacteria in spontaneous rye wholemeal sourdoughs. Combinations of strains have been evaluated on an industrial scale in the sourdough fermentation process. Wholemeal rye bread was prepared using sourdoughs obtained with 3 new starter cultures, and compared to bread made using the commercial culture (LV2). All newly developed cultures used for the preparation of wholemeal rye bread allowed to obtain better quality products as compared to the LV2 based bread. The best results were obtained when the culture containing Lactiplantibacillus plantarum 2MI8 and exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing Weissella confusa/cibaria 6PI3 strains was applied. The addition of yeast during sourdough breads production, especially the one prepared from mentioned above starter culture, significantly improved their organoleptic properties, their volume and crumb moisture was increased, and also the crumb acidity and hardness was reduced. Fermentation of rye wholemeal dough, especially without the yeast addition, resulted in a significant reduction in the content of higher inositol phosphates as compared to the applied flour, which is associated with improved bioavailability of minerals. The results of this study prove that the investigated new starter cultures can be successfully applied in wholemeal rye bread production.

2022 ◽  
Vol 88 (1) ◽  
Katherine Lavelle ◽  
Irina Sadovskaya ◽  
Evgeny Vinogradov ◽  
Philip Kelleher ◽  
Gabriele A. Lugli ◽  

Streptococcus thermophilus is an important starter culture bacterium in global dairy fermentation processes, where it is used for the production of various cheeses and yogurt. Bacteriophage predation of the species can result in substandard product quality and, in rare cases, complete fermentation collapse.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Eda E. Kılıç ◽  
İbrahim Halil Kılıç ◽  
Banu Koç

This study aims to determine the yoghurt production potential of lactic acid bacteria isolated from legumes seeds (lentils, beans, cowpea, and broad beans) and examine the effects of alginate capsules of selected starter cultures with high yoghurt production potential on the physicochemical properties, sensory properties of yoghurt, and bacterial viability during storage time at 4°C. The exopolysaccharide (EPS), proteolytic activity, and acidification properties of eight different isolates were determined, and sixteen different yoghurt combinations prepared. The samples showed similar physicochemical (pH, titratable acidity, dry matter, and whey separation), bacterial count, and sensory results in comparison with the commercial yoghurt used as a control sample. The acidity and pH of the yoghurt samples were significantly affected by the storage time. Total solids of yoghurt samples generally tend to decrease and syneresis of yoghurt samples also differed for each starter culture combination during the storage time. The total count of lactic acid bacteria during the storage time was higher than 107 CFU/g. The sensory analysis results of bacterial combinations are significantly different ( p < 0.05 ). Results indicated that isolated starter cultures have potential as commercial starters to improve the quality of yoghurt. Selected starter cultures with yoghurt production potential were encapsulated. Lactic acid bacteria with encapsulation efficiency of 86,3 ± 0,2 and 82,26 ± 0,79 were selected for yoghurt production. The physicochemical properties of the yoghurt with free and encapsulated starter culture were significantly different during the storage time. The reduction (∼0,5 log cfu/g) in the numbers of free and encapsulated starter cultures is over during the storage time ( p < 0.05 ). The acceptability of yoghurt containing encapsulated bacteria was lower than the yoghurt containing free bacteria by the panelists. Consequently, it was determined that alginate capsules increased bacterial viability, but the sensory properties of yoghurt were affected adversely. The LAB isolated form legumes can be introduced to the national microbial collection.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xinxin Zhao ◽  
Fanshu Xiang ◽  
Fengxian Tang ◽  
Wenchao Cai ◽  
Zhuang Guo ◽  

Rice wine koji, a traditional homemade starter culture in China, is nutritious and delicious. The final quality of rice wine koji is closely related to the structure of its microbial community. However, the diversity of natural microorganisms in rice wine koji from different regions has not been evaluated. In this study, the microbial population of 92 naturally fermented rice koji samples collected from Hubei, Guangxi, and Sichuan was systematically analyzed by high-throughput sequencing. From all the rice wine koji samples, 22 phyla and 479 bacterial genera were identified. Weissella, Pediococcus, Lactobacillus, Enterobacter, Lactococcus, Pantoea, Bacillus, Staphylococcus, and Leuconostoc were the dominant genera in rice wine koji. The bacterial community structure of rice wine koji samples from different regions was significantly different (p &lt; 0.05). The bacterial community composition of the samples from Hubei and Guangxi was similar, but significantly different from that of SC samples (p &lt; 0.05). These differences may be caused by variations in geography, environment, or manufacturing. In addition, the results of microbial phenotype prediction by BugBase and bacterial functional potential prediction by PICRUSt showed that eight of the nine predicted phenotypic functions of rice wine koji samples from different regions were significantly different (p &lt; 0.05) and that vigorous bacterial metabolism occurred in rice wine koji samples.

2022 ◽  
Alganesh Tola Gemechu ◽  
Yetenayet Bekele Tola ◽  
Grace Delia R ◽  
Jasna Kovac ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 951 (1) ◽  
pp. 012104
D Yunita ◽  
D Mariska ◽  
S Rohaya ◽  
E Varizki ◽  
K Gkatzionis ◽  

Abstract The aim and objective of this research was to produce a soft cheese made from coconut milk and to examine the effect of grated coconut:water ratio (1:1, 1:2 and 1:3) and percentage of commercial cheese starter culture (1% and 1.5%) on its characteristics. The study was conducted using a factorial randomized block design. After two weeks of storage at 4°C, the cheeses (18 samples) were analysed for total lactic acid (LAB) counts, pH, and fat content. The lowest-fat coconut cheese was analysed for proximate and spreading ability. The results showed that the grated coconut:water ratio had a significant effect (P≣0.01) on the total LAB counts, pH value, and fat content of the cheese. The optimum formulation for soft cheese was selected based on the lowest pH (4.64) and fat content (42%) which was reached by using coconut and water 1:1. However, the spreading ability of this cheese could be improved by optimising the growth of starter cultures, water removal and adding stabilizers.

2022 ◽  
Vol 335 ◽  
pp. 00007
Dyah Nurul Afiyah ◽  
Irma Isnafia Arief ◽  
Tuti Suryati ◽  
Riska Nurtantyo Sarbini

Yoghurt is a functional drink that is beneficial to health. However, nutritional losses, e.g. vitamin C, occurs during the thermal process. Therefore, vitamin C supplementation is needed to replace the lost amount during processing by adding the extract of podang urang mango (Mangifera indica L.). The yoghurt was made by adding 3% (v/v) of starter culture (Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp bulgaricus RRAM-01 and Streptococcus salivarus subsp thermophillus RRAM-01) and mango extract at 0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% (v/v) in four replications. The determination of vitamin C content was performed using titration method. The results showed that heating process at 85-90 °C in 35 minutes lowered the amount of vitamin C in the final product. However, the addition of podang urang mango extract at 6%, 8% and 10% could increase the amount of vitamin C.

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