product quality
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Food Control ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 133 ◽  
pp. 108585
Nattawut Chaomuang ◽  
Parinya Singphithak ◽  
Onrawee Laguerre ◽  
Rachit Suwapanich

2022 ◽  
Vol 315 ◽  
pp. 110796
Shubhangi Raut ◽  
Surbhi Jain ◽  
Pradip Dhamole ◽  
Shailesh Agrawal

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 41
Mamluatul Maghfiroh ◽  
Rachma Indrarini

The development of the Indonesian cosmetic industry is relatively rapid because cosmetic products have become primary needs in Indonesia which the population is predominantly Muslim. This development caused competitive competition between cosmetics brands in Indonesia. Because of this competition, Wardah cosmetics is considering the halal label in its products and the quality of the products to increase consumer purchasing decisions. This research uses quantitative, associative methods to investigate the relationship between halal brands and product quality with the purchasing decision of Wardah cosmetics, especially in Surabaya. The number of samples used is 100 Muslim respondents who used Wardah cosmetics products in Surabaya. The data analysis technique used is multiple correlation coefficient analysis using SPSS version 25. The study results showed that halal labeling and product quality simultaneously had a significant and robust relationship with the purchasing decision of Wardah cosmetic products. While partially, the halal labels and product quality had a moderate and meaningful relationship with the purchase decision of Wardah cosmetics products.

2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Rachel Wittenauer ◽  
Spike Nowak ◽  
Nick Luter

Abstract Background Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for malaria are a vital part of global malaria control. Over the past decade, RDT prices have declined, and quality has improved. However, the relationship between price and product quality and their larger implications on the market have yet to be characterized. This analysis used purchase data from the Global Fund together with product quality data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND) Malaria RDT Product Testing Programme to understand three unanswered questions: (1) Has the market share by quality of RDTs in the Global Fund’s procurement orders changed over time? (2) What is the relationship between unit price and RDT quality? (3) Has the market for RDTs financed by the Global Fund become more concentrated over time? Methods Data from 10,075 procurement transactions in the Global Fund’s database, which includes year, product, volume, and price, was merged with product quality data from all eight rounds of the WHO-FIND programme, which evaluated 227 unique RDT products. To describe trends in market share by quality level of RDT, descriptive statistics were used to analyse trends in market share from 2009 to 2018. A generalized linear regression model was then applied to characterize the relationship between price and panel detection score (PDS), adjusting for order volume, year purchased, product type, and manufacturer. Third, a Herfindahl–Hirschman Index (HHI) score was calculated to characterize the degree of market concentration. Results Lower-quality RDTs have lost market share between 2009 and 2018, as have the highest-quality RDTs. No statistically significant relationship between price per test and PDS was found when adjusting for order volume, product type, and year of purchase. The HHI was 3,570, indicating a highly concentrated market. Conclusions Advancements in RDT affordability, quality, and access over the past decade risk stagnation if health of the RDT market as a whole is neglected. These results suggest that from 2009 to 2018, this market was highly concentrated and that quality was not a distinguishing feature between RDTs. This information adds to previous reports noting concerns about the long-term sustainability of this market. Further research is needed to understand the causes and implications of these trends.

Byung Cho Kim ◽  
So Eun Park ◽  
Detmar W. Straub

In pay-what-you-want (PWYW) pricing, buyers are allowed to pay any amount they want, often including a price of zero. Standard theory predicts that buyers are driven solely by their own interest and will always choose to pay nothing, making PWYW pricing impractical to use. Nonetheless, PWYW pricing has been consistently occurring in the marketplace. We build and analyze a theoretical model to explain the presence of PWYW pricing in the marketplace and identify the situations under which businesses are better off adopting it over the traditional posted pricing. Because the digital product domain is a particularly good fit for PWYW pricing because of its constant exposure to piracy threats, we focus on digital product firms and examine PWYW pricing as an alternative to their piracy prevention efforts. We show that PWYW pricing becomes a superior pricing strategy when the pirate version is quite similar to the authentic product and it is costly for the firm to improve its product quality. Moreover, if network externalities are present, PWYW pricing can outperform posted pricing only when the network externalities are weak. The results explain why PWYW pricing is rare in the established digital product marketplace, which exhibits strong network externalities.

Stefania Caso ◽  
Mathieu Aeby ◽  
Martin Jordan ◽  
Raphael Guillot ◽  
Jean‐Marc Bielser

2022 ◽  
Vol 88 (1) ◽  
Katherine Lavelle ◽  
Irina Sadovskaya ◽  
Evgeny Vinogradov ◽  
Philip Kelleher ◽  
Gabriele A. Lugli ◽  

Streptococcus thermophilus is an important starter culture bacterium in global dairy fermentation processes, where it is used for the production of various cheeses and yogurt. Bacteriophage predation of the species can result in substandard product quality and, in rare cases, complete fermentation collapse.

Rozzy Aprirachman ◽  
Diah Anggeraini Hasri

Indonesia’s economy has grown, which has led to the growth of a business. According to BPS Indonesia, there were 26 million more businesses in Indonesia in 2016. One of them is the cosmetics industry, which the minister of the industry says is important. Because there are so many different types of cosmetic industries and so much competition, manufacturers have to change their products to meet the needs of their customers. Eyeliner is a popular product in the cosmetics industry that many people use. Following the widening of Eyeliner products, many different brands came out with different levels of quality, features, and quantity, as well as other features. Consumers may switch brands because there are so many different brands for the same thing, along with their desire to find new products. Consumers look at the quality and features of a product, as well as other product attributes when they decide to switch brands. According to the results of data processing on hypothesis testing, Implora brand eyeliner has qualities and features that make people switch brands. This is based on validity, reliability, and classical assumption tests, as well as coefficients of determination. The sampling of 100 people was used in this study, which shows that product features and product quality have a big and positive impact on brand switching. According to the results of data processing on hypothesis testing, Implora brand eyeliner has qualities and features that make people switch brands. KEYWORDS: Product Features, Product Quality, Brand Switching, and Implora Eyeliner

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Hao Chen ◽  
Haitao Chen ◽  
Xiaoxu Tian

PurposeSocial shopping platforms have flourished by using multiple social shopping features, yet little is known about how the combination of these features affects purchase intention, particularly in terms of the product itself. The purpose of the paper is to draw on the concept of social shopping feature richness, adopting a formative approach on the survey used, and endeavors to reveal the concept's impact on consumers' buying intention from a product perspective.Design/methodology/approachBuilding on mental accounting and signaling theories, a theoretical model is proposed and empirically evaluated with 356 samples collected using a questionnaire survey.FindingsThe results suggest that social shopping feature richness promotes consumers' consumption by providing information signals to satisfy acquisition utility and transaction utility. Specifically, social shopping feature richness enhances perceived product quality, while decreasing negative perceptions regarding price. Moreover, perceived product quality and perceived price significantly influence buying intention through the mechanism of perceived value.Originality/valueThe authors' study highlights the role of the combination of functionally diverse social shopping features on product sales for social shopping platforms.

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