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Xiaomian Kang ◽  
Yang Zhao ◽  
Jiajun Zhang ◽  
Chengqing Zong

Document-level neural machine translation (DocNMT) has yielded attractive improvements. In this article, we systematically analyze the discourse phenomena in Chinese-to-English translation, and focus on the most obvious ones, namely lexical translation consistency. To alleviate the lexical inconsistency, we propose an effective approach that is aware of the words which need to be translated consistently and constrains the model to produce more consistent translations. Specifically, we first introduce a global context extractor to extract the document context and consistency context, respectively. Then, the two types of global context are integrated into a encoder enhancer and a decoder enhancer to improve the lexical translation consistency. We create a test set to evaluate the lexical consistency automatically. Experiments demonstrate that our approach can significantly alleviate the lexical translation inconsistency. In addition, our approach can also substantially improve the translation quality compared to sentence-level Transformer.

2022 ◽  
Vol 74 ◽  
pp. 101677
Jun Li ◽  
Qiyan Dou ◽  
Haima Yang ◽  
Jin Liu ◽  
Le Fu ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-25
Torkil Lauesen

Abstract This article tells the story of an organization based in Copenhagen, Denmark, which supported the Liberation struggle in the Third World from 1969 until April 1989. It focus on the support to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (pflp). The story is told in a historical and global context. The text explains the strategy and tactic behind the support-work. It explains how the different forms of solidarity work developed over two decades (for a more detailed account of the history of the group, see Kuhn, 2014). Finally, the article offers an evaluation of the past and a perspective on the future struggle for a socialist Palestine.

2022 ◽  
pp. 097491012110672
S. Vyas-Doorgapersad

The article examines the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs). This link is conceptually and contextually analyzed in the global context whereby scholarly opinions and research works are discussed to substantiate the role that ICT can play in achieving SDGs. The article further examines the link in South Africa, using the country as a locus of the study. The article aims to find answers to the following research questions: How is ICT linked to all 17 SDGs? To what extent this link may accelerate SDGs’ implementation? What is the impact of ICT on accelerating SDGs? What are the challenges hampering the efficient utilization of ICT for SDGs’ implementation? The article uses a qualitative approach with desktop analysis to draw significant information. In addition, unobtrusive methods were applied, such as conceptual analysis and document analysis, to draw conclusions based on the findings. The findings confirm that despite ICT policies and infrastructure, the use and impact of ICT on SDGs is not always high. The article suggests that improvements are required at policy, institutional, department and individual levels. The suggestions can be applicable globally, based on the technological advancement and socio-economic development in country-specific contexts.

2022 ◽  
Vol 27 ◽  
pp. 920-931
Narjes Farzi

Today organizations encounter many issues such as newfound technologies, new business models, and rapid variations. Nowadays, following evolutions in the global context, caused by information and communication technology in the field of trade, industry, and specifically information technology, has impelled organizations, companies, and particularly banks to undergo changes and alter their reaction method to the market. In this way, the role of enterprise architecture and using standards and reference models are crucial to the organizations. Accordingly, the organization that wants to be active in the digital transformation and move towards digital banking should be able to implement an agile enterprise architecture and use reference models such as BIAN. The objective of this article is to investigate the role of Business Architecture Industry Network (BIAN) Standard in moving towards digital banking.

2022 ◽  
pp. 026142942110647
Aakash A. Chowkase

Most conceptions of giftedness overly focus on the gifted “individual” and leave out the social and global context in which the individual grows. However, human lives are intricately interconnected. An individual’s actions can have large effects on other individuals, societies, and nature. In this article, I argue a paradigm shift is needed in the way giftedness is construed today. I draw on the three C’s conception of giftedness in which gifted behaviors are seen as an interplay of competence in action, commitment to task, and concern for others. I discuss seven profiles of gifted behaviors: Profile 1—competent (high competence); Profile 2—committed (high commitment); Profile 3—concerned (high concern); Profile 4—indifferent expert (high competence and commitment); Profile 5—amateur altruist (high commitment and concern); Profile 6—uncommitted thinker (high competence and concern); and Profile 7—fully developing talent (high competence, commitment, and concern). Further, I discuss how this taxonomy can inform education and identification practices in gifted education.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 52-56
Md Shahidur Rahman

The global outbreak of COVID 19 has created an unprecedented challenge to the society. America, Europe and India were catastrophic sufferers from this virus next to China. They had highest number of daily morbidity and mortality in the global context. Bangladesh is facing terrible experiences of dealing with this pandemic and making a tremendous turmoil in health and economic sector. Our healthcare system is overburdened with critically ill patients. Disability arising out of neurological, pulmonary, neuromuscular, and cognitive complications, need to be addressed by rehabilitation professionals. Many patients presenting with COVID-19 will have no specific airway clearance needs.There have been no reports of COVID-19 positive patients having high secretion loads that would require intensive chest physiotherapy or postural drainage. In Bangladesh in ICU settings physiatrist or physiotherapists are not directly involve in respiratory care management. In mild to moderate cases advice about a post-acute care breathing exercises, other musculoskeletal exercises, bed positioning and pressure sore care are helpful. In Bangladesh medical care facilities are not adequate in corona care hospitals especially in peripheral medical college or hospital. Many patients are dying of shortage in oxygen supplies and lack of availability of ICU. Post discharged plans of comprehensive rehabilitation are grossly neglected in discharged certificate. Our national guidelines on corona management do not have any instructions on rehabilitation management at any point. The objectives of this fast review article on corona pandemic are to highlight the global scenario and our limitations in the rehabilitation management of COVID 19 patients particularly post discharged patients and patients with long COVID complications. J Bangladesh Coll Phys Surg 2022; 40: 52-56

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