hydrophobic coatings
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2021 ◽  
Vol 33 (12) ◽  
pp. 121703
Author(s):  
Anatoliy Lebedev ◽  
Konstantin Dobroselsky ◽  
Alexey Safonov ◽  
Sergey Starinskiy ◽  
Veronica Sulyaeva ◽  
...  

Coatings ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 1399
Author(s):  
Yufen Zhang ◽  
Qingcheng Du ◽  
Tiegui Lin ◽  
Shawei Tang ◽  
Jin Hu

Calcium stearate hydrophobic coatings with a hierarchical micro/nanostructure were prepared on 65Mn steel using direct current electrodeposition. The deposition time has a visible influence on the morphology, surface wettability and thickness of the coatings, but little effect on the phase composition. The corrosion behavior of the coated samples in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution was also investigated. The prepared coatings at different deposition times show different corrosion resistance. The coating fabricated at 30 min has the best corrosion resistance due to the highest water contact angle and thicker coating.


Pharmaceutics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (11) ◽  
pp. 1766
Author(s):  
Francesco Regis ◽  
Andrea Arsiccio ◽  
Erwan Bourlès ◽  
Bernadette Scutellà ◽  
Roberto Pisano

Freeze-drying is commonly used to increase the shelf-life of pharmaceuticals and biopharmaceuticals. Freezing represents a crucial phase in the freeze-drying process, as it determines both cycle efficiency and product quality. For this reason, different strategies have been developed to allow for a better control of freezing, among them, the so-called vacuum-induced surface freezing (VISF), which makes it possible to trigger nucleation at the same time in all the vials being processed. We studied the effect of different vial types, characterized by the presence of hydrophilic (sulfate treatment) or hydrophobic (siliconization and TopLyo Si–O–C–H layer) inner coatings, on the application of VISF. We observed that hydrophobic coatings promoted boiling and blow-up phenomena, resulting in unacceptable aesthetic defects in the final product. In contrast, hydrophilic coatings increased the risk of fogging (i.e., the undesired creeping of the product upward along the inner vial surface). We also found that the addition of a surfactant (Tween 80) to the formulation suppressed boiling in hydrophobic-coated vials, but it enhanced the formation of bubbles. This undesired bubbling events induced by the surfactant could, however, be eliminated by a degassing step prior to the application of VISF. Overall, the combination of degasification and surfactant addition seems to be a promising strategy for the successful induction of nucleation by VISF in hydrophobic vials.


2021 ◽  
Vol MA2021-02 (36) ◽  
pp. 1043-1043
Author(s):  
Wenmei Liu ◽  
Maria Victoria Manzi Orezzoli ◽  
Thomas J. Schmidt ◽  
Pierre Boillat

Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (20) ◽  
pp. 3549
Author(s):  
Carlos Ruzafa Silvestre ◽  
María Pilar Carbonell Blasco ◽  
Saray Ricote López ◽  
Henoc Pérez Aguilar ◽  
María Ángeles Pérez Limiñana ◽  
...  

The aim of this work is to develop hydrophobic coatings on leather materials by plasma polymerisation with a low-pressure plasma system using an organosilicon compound, such as hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO), as chemical precursor. The hydrophobic coatings obtained by this plasma process were evaluated with different experimental techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and standardised tests including colour measurements of the samples, surface coating thickness and water contact angle (WCA) measurements. The results obtained indicated that the monomer had polymerised correctly and completely on the leather surface creating an ultra-thin layer based on polysiloxane. The surface modification produced a water repellent effect on the leather that does not alter the visual appearance and haptic properties. Therefore, the application of the plasma deposition process showed promising results that makes it a more sustainable alternative to conventional functional coatings, thus helping to reduce the use of hazardous chemicals in the finishing process of footwear manufacturing.


Author(s):  
Jim J. Miller ◽  
Mallory Owen ◽  
Ben Ellert ◽  
Xueming Yang ◽  
Craig F. Drury ◽  
...  

Soil water repellency (SWR) was measured for a 28 yr field study under irrigation on a clay loam Dark Brown soil in southern Alberta. The objectives were to study the effect of legume-cereal crop rotations, feedlot manure, and phosphorus (P) fertilizer application on soil hydrophobicity (SH) and soil water repellency index (RI) under irrigation. Mean SH and RI were similar (P > 0.05) for a legume-cereal and cereal rotation, and were unaffected by P fertilization. However, P fertilization shifted the RI classification from slight to sub-critical. In contrast, SH was significantly greater for manured than non-manured treatments, while RI was unaffected. Soil organic carbon (SOC) concentration was significantly (P ≤ 0.05) correlated with SH (r=0.74), but not with RI (r=-0.17). This suggested a closer association between the quantity of SOC and quantity of hydrophobic compounds (SH method) compared to the hydrophobic coatings inhibiting infiltration of water (RI method). No significant correlation between SH and RI (r=-0.09) suggests that SH is not a good predictor of SWR using the RI method. Overall, manure application increased SH and P fertilization shifted the RI classification from slight to sub-critical. In contrast, legume-cereal rotations had no influence on SH and SWR using RI method compared to continuous cereal.


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