silica nanoparticle
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Shinya Kano ◽  
Harutaka MEKARU

Abstract We study a proton transport on the surface of insulating nanoparticles for humidity sensors. We use the approach to reveal proton transfer mechanisms in humidity sensitive materials. Hydrophilic and hydrophobic ligand-terminated silica nanoparticle films are adopted for evaluating temperature dependence of the ion conductivity. According to the activation energy of the conductivity, we explain the Grotthuss (H+ transfer) and vehicular (H3O+ transfer) mechanisms are mainly dominant on hydrophilic (-OH terminated) and hydrophobic (acrylate terminated) surface of nanoparticles, respectively. This investigation gives us a clue to understand a proton transfer mechanism in solution-processed humidity-sensitive materials such as oxide nanomaterials.

Akram Ahangarpour ◽  
Hassan Sharifinasab ◽  
Heibatullah Kalantari ◽  
Mohammad Amin Dehghani ◽  
Nader Shakiba Maram ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Temesgen Abeto Amibo ◽  
Surafel Mustefa Beyan ◽  
Tsegaye Markos Damite

The brown teff straw was utilized in this study to produce silica using the sol-gel technique. After pretreatment, the raw material of brown teff straw was characterized. The data were analyzed using the central composite design and response surface technique, and four independent parameters, namely, temperature, NaOH concentration, rotational speed, and extraction time, were evaluated for process optimization. Before extracting silica with an alkaline solution, the silica content in the ash was determined using an AAS spectrometer. The silica content of teff straw ash is around 92.89%. The ash was treated with NaOH solution in the concentrations range of 1 M to 3 M (0.5 M interval). The extraction time varied at intervals of 55, 70, 85, 100, and 115 minutes. Temperatures were changed using magnetic stirrer equipment in the range of 80°C to 100°C (5°C interval). At 350 rpm, 400 rpm, 450 rpm, 500 rpm, and 550 rpm, the rotating speed was adjusted. The best extraction conditions for amorphous silica were 1.50 M NaOH, 109.99 min, 94.98°C, and a rotating speed of 499.57 rpm, with a maximum yield of 85.85%. XRD and FTIR analyses were used to assess the physicochemical characteristics of the extracted silica. The aqueous solutions of methyl orange were used to test the adsorption efficiency of silica. The percent of removal efficiency for methyl orange was 90.48%.

Pharmaceutics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 56
Achraf Noureddine ◽  
Michael L. Paffett ◽  
Stefan Franco ◽  
Alfonso E. Chan ◽  
Sandeep Pallikkuth ◽  

This study examines intra- and intercellular trafficking of mesoporous silica nanoparticles along microtubular highways, with an emphasis on intercellular bridges connecting interphase and telophase cells. The study of nanoparticle trafficking within and between cells during all phases of the cell cycle is relevant to payload destination and dilution, and impacts delivery of therapeutic or diagnostic agents. Super-resolution stochastic optical reconstruction and sub-airy unit image acquisition, the latter combined with Huygens deconvolution microscopy, enable single nanoparticle and microtubule resolution. Combined structural and functional data provide enhanced details on biological processes, with an example of mitotic inheritance during cancer cell trivision.

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