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2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Carlos Izaias Sartorao Filho ◽  
Carlos Izaias Sartorao Neto ◽  
Ana Luisa Varrone Sartorao ◽  
Diogo Coutinho Terribile ◽  
Beatriz Balsimelli de Mello ◽  
...  

Background: Limited research has examined mobile phone-based platforms for survey recruitment, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Our objective was to investigate the feasibility and representativeness of mobile phone-based advertisement during a preliminary study about COVID-19 vaccine hesitation in Brazil. Moreover, we evaluate whether the older population can be reached through mobile phone-based platforms of the survey. Methods: We conducted a study in December 2021 based on a preliminary survey about the COVID-19 vaccine hesitation in Assis, Brazil, Sao Paulo state. From a list of the adult population hesitant for the second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, we sent a mobile phone-based advertisement inviting the participants to answer the survey for one week. The respondent's data were collected in a Google form platform. The comparison between the target population and the respondents was made using the Chi-squared test and the Welch's test, using a P-value of .05 as significative. Results: The response rate was 9.99% after one week. The mean age of the respondent group was 33.97 (SD 14.99) and 35.05 (SD 14.19) of the population, with a P-value of .192 and a Cohen's d coefficient of 0.0754, corresponding to a small effect size between groups. We demonstrate that the mobile phone-based survey is a feasible and representative strategy during the pandemics in Brazil. Moreover, the older population respondent was representative. Conclusion: We achieved a representative sample of respondents using the mobile phone-based survey in Brazil. Furthermore, it was representative in all sociodemographic and health characteristics assessed. Finally, these findings suggest the method is a highly feasible and economical means of recruiting for survey research.


Author(s):  
Jacob Bruinius ◽  
Mary Hannan ◽  
Mustafa Kagalwalla ◽  
Muftawu-Deen Iddrisu ◽  
Celestin Missikpode ◽  
...  

JMIR Cancer ◽  
10.2196/31576 ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. e31576
Author(s):  
Erin L Van Blarigan ◽  
Anand Dhruva ◽  
Chloe E Atreya ◽  
Stacey A Kenfield ◽  
June M Chan ◽  
...  

Background We conducted a pilot 2-arm randomized controlled trial to assess the feasibility of a digital health intervention to increase moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) during chemotherapy. Objective This study aimed to determine whether a digital health physical activity intervention is feasible and acceptable during chemotherapy for CRC. Methods Potentially eligible patients with CRC expected to receive at least 12 weeks of chemotherapy were identified in person at the University of California, San Francisco, and on the web through advertising. Eligible patients were randomized 1:1 to a 12-week intervention (Fitbit Flex, automated SMS text messages) versus usual care. At 0 and 12 weeks, patients wore an Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometer for 7 days and completed surveys, body size measurements, and an optional 6-minute walk test. Participants could not be masked to their intervention arm, but people assessing the body size and 6-minute walk test outcomes were masked. The primary outcomes were adherence (eg, Fitbit wear and text response rate) and self-assessed acceptability of the intervention. The intervention would be considered feasible if we observed at least 80% complete follow-up and 70% adherence and satisfaction, a priori. Results From 2018 to 2020, we screened 240 patients; 53.3% (128/240) of patients were ineligible and 26.7% (64/240) declined to participate. A total of 44 patients (44/240, 18%) were randomized to the intervention (n=22) or control (n=22) groups. Of these, 57% (25/44) were women; 68% (30/44) identified as White and 25% (11/44) identified as Asian American or Pacific Islander; and 77% (34/44) had a 4-year college degree. The median age at enrollment was 54 years (IQR 45-62 years). Follow-up at 12 weeks was 91% (40/44) complete. In the intervention arm, patients wore Fitbit devices on a median of 67 out of 84 (80%) study days and responded to a median of 17 out of 27 (63%) questions sent via SMS text message. Among 19 out of 22 (86%) intervention patients who completed the feedback survey, 89% (17/19) were satisfied with the Fitbit device; 63% (12/19) were satisfied with the SMS text messages; 68% (13/19) said the SMS text messages motivated them to exercise; 74% (14/19) said the frequency of SMS text messages (1-3 days) was ideal; and 79% (15/19) said that receiving SMS text messages in the morning and evening was ideal. Conclusions This pilot study demonstrated that many people receiving chemotherapy for CRC are interested in participating in digital health physical activity interventions. Fitbit adherence was high; however, participants indicated a desire for more tailored SMS text message content. Studies with more socioeconomically diverse patients with CRC are required. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03524716; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03524716


Author(s):  
Emily D. Quinn ◽  
Kathleen Cotter ◽  
Kim Kurin ◽  
Kim Brown

Purpose: Barriers to implementing evidence-based practices occur at various levels. Stakeholder input is required to identify challenges specific to clinical practice settings, client populations, and service delivery approaches. The purpose of this project was to solicit feedback from stakeholders on the telepractice service delivery and implementation strategies proposed for a future study of enhanced milieu teaching (EMT) in rural counties. Method: A Community Engagement Studio was conducted with 11 caregivers of children with language delays living in rural counties. Caregivers and the researchers discussed early intervention service delivery for children with language delays in rural Oregon and the proposed telepractice EMT procedures. Researchers gathered feedback on three intervention components: session frequency and schedule, implementation strategies to encourage caregivers' use of EMT, and performance feedback techniques to teach caregivers. Results: Findings from the Community Engagement Studio led to four primary modifications to the telepractice EMT study protocol. The principal investigator increased available days and times for intervention sessions and added text-message reminders for parents. A survey was also added for caregivers to identify their preferences for additional implementation strategies (e.g., tip sheets, checklist, e-mailed session summaries) and graphic representations of performance feedback (e.g., bar graph, radial graph, mountain climber infographic). Conclusion: Community Engagement Studios are a promising method for increasing community engagement in clinical research and soliciting stakeholder feedback on evidence-based intervention adaptations. Supplemental Material: https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.17774819


Author(s):  
D. M. Oosterveer ◽  
M. de Visser ◽  
C. Heringhaus

Abstract Objective To evaluate whether a text message (TM) alert system for trained volunteers contributed to early cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs), return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients in a region with above-average survival rates. Design Data on all OHCA patients in 2012 (non-TM group) were compared with those of all OHCA patients in 2018 (TM group). The association of the presence of a TM alert system with ROSC and survival was assessed with multivariate regression analyses. Results TM responders reached 42 OHCA patients (15.9%) earlier than the first responders or ambulance. They connected 31 of these 42 OHCA patients (73.8%) to an AED before the ambulance arrived, leading to a higher percentage of AEDs being attached in 2018 compared to the 2012 non-TM group (55% vs 46%, p = 0.03). ROSC was achieved more often in the TM group (61.0% vs 29.4%, p < 0.01). Three-month and 1‑year survival did not differ significantly between the two groups (29.3% vs 24.3%, p = 0.19, and 25.9% vs 23.5%, p = 0.51). Multivariate regression analyses confirmed the positive association of ROSC with the TM alert system (odds ratio 1.49, 95% confidence interval 1.02‑2.19, p = 0.04). Conclusion A TM alert system seems to improve the chain of survival; because TM responders reached patients early, AEDs were attached more often and more OHCA patients achieved ROSC. However, the introduction of a TM alert system was not associated with improved 3‑month or 1‑year survival in a region with above-average survival rates.


Aksara ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 33 (2) ◽  
pp. 295-308
Author(s):  
Subiyantoro Subiyantoro

Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untukmenemukan dan mendeskripsikan struktur, bahasa yang dipilih untuk mentransmisikan, serta karakter pesan teksmonologis yang ditulis di ruang pesan tiga grup WhatsAppdan sekaligus dikirim ke seluruh anggota grup. Data berupa pesan teks monologis, diperoleh dari sumber tertulis tiga grup WhatsAppberbeda dengan cara membuat tangkapan layar pesan teks yang dipilih. Untuk menguji validitas data dilakukan wawancara dengan informan terkait. Data berbahasa Prancis bersumber dari sebuah grup WhatsAppyang anggotanya berprofesi sebagai guru bahasa Prancis, data berbahasa Indonesia diambil dari sebuah kelompok pengajian, dan data berbahasa Jawa diperoleh dari sebuah grup WhatsAppRW. Data terkumpul dianalisis berdasar perspektif monologis Bakhtin. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa pesan teks monologis di dalam ruang pesan grup-grup WhatsApptersebut dituturkan dari penutur yang berwewenang kepada seluruh partisipan di masing-masing grup dalam konteks pemberian informasi.  Pesan teks monologis tersebut dapat berstruktur lengkap atau semi lengkap, cenderung disampaikan dalam bahasa yang prestise di lingkungannya, dan secara umum bersifat otoritatif. Kata kunci: monologis, otoritatif, pesan teks, WhatsApp AbstractThis studyaimed to discover and describe the structures, language preference, and characters of the monologic text messages written and sent to all group members in the message spaces of three WhatsApp groups.The data that were in the forms of monologic text messages were obtained from three written sources, which were three WhatsApp groups, by taking and saving screenshots of selected text messages. To test the validity of the data, interviews were conducted with informants. The data written in French were collected from a WhatsApp group whose members are the French language teachers. The data written in Indonesian were obtained from a Quran reading group, and those in Javanese were collected from a WhatsApp group of a community unit (RW). All of the collected data were analyzed based on Bakhtin's monologic perspective. The results of the analysis showed that the monologic text messages in the message spaces of the WhatsApp groups were written by speakers (group members) with authority over all other group members in the three WhatsApp groups in terms of providing information. The monologic text messages were either complete or semi-complete, tended to be conveyed in language that showed prestige in each group’s environment, and were generally authoritative. Keywords: monologic, authoritative, text message, WhatsApp


BMJ Open ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. e047426
Author(s):  
Peter Gichangi ◽  
Lianne Gonsalves ◽  
Jefferson Mwaisaka ◽  
Mary Thiongo ◽  
Ndema Habib ◽  
...  

ObjectivesThe objective of this randomised controlled trial in Kenya was to assess the effect of delivering sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information via text message to young people on their ability to reject contraception-related myths and misconceptions.Design and settingA three-arm, unblinded randomised controlled trial with a ratio of 1:1:1 in Kwale County, Kenya.Participants and interventionsA total of 740 youth aged 18–24 years were randomised. Intervention arm participants could access informational SRH text messages on-demand. Contact arm participants received once weekly texts instructing them to study on an SRH topic on their own. Control arm participants received standard care. The intervention period was 7 weeks.Primary outcomeWe assessed change myths believed at baseline and endline using an index of 10 contraception-related myths. We assessed change across arms using difference of difference analysis.ResultsAcross arms, <5% of participants did not have any formal education, <10% were living alone, about 50% were single and >80% had never given birth. Between baseline and endline, there was a statistically significant drop in the average absolute number of myths and misconceptions believed by intervention arm (11.1%, 95% CI 17.1% to 5.2%), contact arm (14.4%, 95% CI 20.5% to 8.4%) and control arm (11.3%, 95% CI 17.4% to 5.2%) participants. However, we observed no statistically significant difference in the magnitude of change across arms.ConclusionsWe are unable to conclusively state that the text message intervention was better than text message ‘contact’ or no intervention at all. Digital health likely has potential for improving SRH-related outcomes when used as part of multifaceted interventions. Additional studies with physical and geographical separation of different arms is warranted.Trial registration numberISRCTN85156148.


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