knee osteoarthritis
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 287-292
Author(s):  
Rui Jiao ◽  
Ming-Sheng Zhang ◽  
Xin-Ping Li ◽  
Shu-Qian Li ◽  
Wen-Xia Huang

Objectives : To explore the effectiveness of single injection of platelet-rich plasma with rehabilitation therapy for knee osteoarthritis combined with meniscus injury. Methods : Forty patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to a rehabilitation group (REH group, 20 cases) receiving rehabilitation training, and a platelet-rich plasma group (PRP group, 20 cases) receiving an ultrasound-guided single injection of PRP in combination with rehabilitation training. Rehabilitation training in the two groups lasted for 2 weeks, and the patients were evaluated using the short-form McGill pain questionnaire (SF-MPQ), Western Ontario McMaster Universities index (WOMAC score), and infrared thermography (knee-joint mean temperature) before treatment, at 1 week, 1 month and 6 months after treatment. Results : Two patients were lost to follow-up in both the PRP group and the REH group. Significant reductions in pain scores, WOMAC scores and knee temperature were observed at 1 week and 1 month after treatment in both groups (p < 0.05). Significant lower SF-MPQ scores were observed in the PRP group than in the REH group at 6 months followup (p < 0.01). Similarly, the mean knee temperature was significantly lower in the PRP group than in the REH group at 6 months follow-up (p < 0.01). No severe complications occurred in either group. Conclusions: Compared to rehabilitation therapy alone, single injection of platelet-rich plasma in combination with rehabilitation therapy has beneficial effect on pain, knee function and mean knee temperature in patients with KOA combined with meniscus injury. Single injection of platelet-rich plasma combined with rehabilitation therapy has a good short-term effectiveness.


2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jian Liu ◽  
Ting Wang ◽  
Zhen-Hua Zhu

Abstract Background The clinical utility of radiofrequency (RF) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) remains unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of RF treatment in patients with knee OA. Methods Searches of the PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Data databases were performed through August 30, 2021. The major outcomes from published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving patients with knee OA were compared between RF and control groups, including Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) or Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) scores, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), Global Perceived Effect (GPE) scale, and adverse effects at available follow-up times. Results Fifteen RCTs involving 1009 patients were included in this meta-analysis, and the results demonstrated that RF treatment correlated with improvements in pain relief (VAS/NRS score, all P < 0.001) and knee function (WOMAC, all P < 0.001) at 1–2, 4, 12, and 24 weeks after treatment as well as patients’ degree of satisfaction with treatment effectiveness (GPE scale, 12 weeks, P < 0.001). OKSs did not differ significantly between the two groups. Moreover, treatment with RF did not significantly increase adverse effects. Subgroup analysis of knee pain indicated that the efficacy of RF treatment targeting the genicular nerve was significantly better than intra-articular RF at 12 weeks after treatment (P = 0.03). Conclusions This meta-analysis showed that RF is an efficacious and safe treatment for relieving knee pain and improving knee function in patients with knee OA.


Trials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Roger Andrey Carvalho Jardim ◽  
Tamara Silva de Sousa ◽  
Wueyla Nicoly Nascimento dos Santos ◽  
Areolino Pena Matos ◽  
Natália Camargo Rodrigues Iosimuta

Abstract Background The effectiveness of blood flow restriction training (BFR) in elderly with knee osteoarthritis (OA) is comparable to performing high-intensity protocols (70 to 80% of 1 RM [repetition maximum]) that are known to be effective for improving the muscle strength of knee extensors, with the advantage of generating less particular rating of perceived exertion and pain immediately after training. However, despite being a promising alternative, little is known about the best way to apply the BFR, such as level of pressure and combination or not with other therapeutic modalities. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether different levels of blood flow restriction with low load (BFR + LL) and no load (BFR + rest) are non-inferior to high-intensity resistance exercise (HIRE+BFRplacebo) for pain reduction in patients with knee OA. Methods/design This clinical trial is a non-inferiority, five-arm, randomized, active-controlled, single trial which will be carried out in 165 patients of both sexes with knee OA, aged 50 years and older. Participants will be randomly allocated into 5 exercise groups (40% of BFR + LL; 80% of BFR + LL; 40% of BFR + rest; 80% BFR + rest, and HIRE+BFR placebo). A mixed linear model will be used to examine the effect of group-by-time interaction on pain intensity on the WOMAC subscale (primary outcome) and on disease severity, physical functional data, balance data, quality of life, global perceived effect scale, and muscle strength (secondary outcomes). Participants will be analyzed for intention-to-treat, and the statistical assessor blinded to the groups. The collection of outcomes 72 h after completion of the 16 weeks of interventions will be the primary measurement point. Follow-up secondary timepoints will be collected at 20, 28, 40, 52, and 64 weeks after the end of interventions, except for pain during the training, which will be measured immediately at the end of each session. Only the comparison of the primary outcome between the HIRE group with each BFR group will be analyzed in the non-inferiority framework, the other comparisons between the BFR groups for the primary outcome, and all secondary outcomes will be interpreted in the superiority framework. Discussion The results of this clinical trial can point out more clearly to ways to optimize the BFR training with the minimum of pain immediately after training, which will allow the offer of an effective and more adherent strengthening training to patients with knee OA. Trial registration Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos, RBR-93rx9q. Registered on 23 July 2020. Version 1.0.


Medicine ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 101 (2) ◽  
pp. e28497
Author(s):  
Guangxin Guo ◽  
Boyi Wu ◽  
Shengji Xie ◽  
Jianghan Xu ◽  
Xu Zhou ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 839
Author(s):  
Wangdo Kim ◽  
Emir A. Vela

The first peak of the external knee abduction moment (KAM) is often used as a surrogate measure of the medial compartment loading and has been correlated with pain and progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA). As a result, reducing the KAM is often the target of conservative interventions. OA should be considered as a “Whole Person” disease, including ecological psychosocial aspects. Scientists have developed gait alteration strategies to reduce the KAM. They attempted to force into a new position any particular part without reference to the pattern of the whole. We propose an alternative approach: in the vicinity of a special configuration of the knee, some or all of the components of the knee become overloaded. This study has shown that when six lines $1′,$2′,$3′,$4′,$5′,$6′ are so situated that forces acting along them equilibrate when applied to one degree of freedom, 1° F knee, a certain determinant vanishes. We wish to define the six lines as the knee complex in involution by virtue of some constraint upon the knee.


Medicine ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 101 (2) ◽  
pp. e28503
Author(s):  
Zeling Huang ◽  
Xiao Mao ◽  
Junming Chen ◽  
Junjun He ◽  
Shanni Shi ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 54 (1) ◽  
pp. 181-194
Author(s):  
Babooshka Shavazipour ◽  
Bekir Afsar ◽  
Juhani Multanen ◽  
Kaisa Miettinen ◽  
Urho M. Kujala

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