tungsten carbide
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Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 513
Shoufa Liu ◽  
Muthuramalingam Thangaraj ◽  
Khaja Moiduddin ◽  
Abdulrahman M. Al-Ahmari

Titanium alloy is widely used for orthodontic technology and easily machined using the EDM process. In the EDM process, the workpiece and tool electrode must be separated by a continuous air gap during the machining operation to generate discharge energy in this method. In the present study, an endeavor was made to analyze the effects of a servo feed air gap control and tool electrode in the EDM process. The developed mechanical setup consists of a linear action movement with zero backlash along the X-axis, which can be controlled up to 0.03 mm. It was observed that the suggested air gap control scheme can enhance the servo feed mechanism on a machining titanium alloy. A tungsten carbide electrode can enhance the surface measures owing to its ability to produce tiny craters with uniform distribution. Since it produces a little crater and has a higher melting point, a tungsten carbide electrode can create lesser surface roughness than a copper tool and brass tool electrode.

Dongfang Lan ◽  
Tonglei Cheng ◽  
Yunhan Qu ◽  
Xuenan Zhang ◽  
Xin Yan ◽  

Ganesan Vignesh ◽  
Debabrata Barik ◽  
Samraj Aravind ◽  
Ponnusamy Ragupathi ◽  
Munusamy Arun

Forming micro-dimples nearer to the cutting edge on the rack face of the tungsten carbide cutting inserts will positively influence the machinability. However, it is challenging to machine the perfect micro-dimple dimensions by utilizing the available machining techniques. Finite element analysis can be an efficient way to observe the influence of dimple-texture area density, micro-dimple size, and various micro-dimple shapes on cutting inserts' machinability. This paper numerically analyses the impact of micro-dimple-textured cutting inserts in dry machining of AISI H-13 steel using AdvantEdge (virtual machining and finite element analysis software). Micro-dimples are formed on the rack face of tungsten carbide cutting inserts to observe the effect of dimple-textured cutting inserts on machinability compared to non-textured cutting inserts in terms of micro-dimple shape, micro-dimple size, and micro-dimple area density ratio. Their outcomes are analysed in terms of chip-insert contact length, main cutting force, and thrust force. It is observed that micro-dimple textured cutting inserts exhibit minimal main cutting force and thrust force in line with increasing the cutting insert life span. The abrasive wear was reduced in dimple-textured cutting inserts due to minimal contact between the cutting insert and chip developed compared to non-textured cutting inserts.

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