information spreading
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 (12) ◽  
Stefan Eccles ◽  
Willy Fischler ◽  
Tyler Guglielmo ◽  
Juan F. Pedraza ◽  
Sarah Racz

Abstract We explore the effect of introducing mild nonlocality into otherwise local, chaotic quantum systems, on the rate of information spreading and associated rates of entanglement generation and operator growth. We consider various forms of nonlocality, both in 1-dimensional spin chain models and in holographic gauge theories, comparing the phenomenology of each. Generically, increasing the level of nonlocality increases the rate of information spreading, but in lattice models we find instances where these rates are slightly suppressed.

2021 ◽  
Vol 411 ◽  
pp. 126448
Qiwen Yang ◽  
Xuzhen Zhu ◽  
Yang Tian ◽  
Guanglu Wang ◽  
Yuexia Zhang ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Yunfei Xing ◽  
Wu He ◽  
Gaohui Cao ◽  
Yuhai Li

Purpose COVID-19, a causative agent of the potentially fatal disease, has raised great global public health concern. Information spreading on the COVID-19 outbreak can strongly influence people behaviour in social media. This paper aims to question of information spreading on COVID-19 outbreak are addressed with a massive data analysis on Twitter from a multidimensional perspective. Design/methodology/approach The evolutionary trend of user interaction and the network structure is analysed by social network analysis. A differential assessment on the topics evolving is provided by the method of text clustering. Visualization is further used to show different characteristics of user interaction networks and public opinion in different periods. Findings Information spreading in social media emerges from different characteristics during various periods. User interaction demonstrates multidimensional cross relations. The results interpret how people express their thoughts and detect topics people are most discussing in social media. Research limitations/implications This study is mainly limited by the size of the data sets and the unicity of the social media. It is challenging to expand the data sets and choose multiple social media to cross-validate the findings of this study. Originality/value This paper aims to find the evolutionary trend of information spreading on the COVID-19 outbreak in social media, including user interaction and topical issues. The findings are of great importance to help government and related regulatory units to manage the dissemination of information on emergencies, in terms of early detection and prevention.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Guohui Song ◽  
Yongbin Wang ◽  
Yugang Li

In recent years, the news platform has become the primary source of information for users. However, there are few studies on the news platform, especially for the analysis and modeling of the spreading process of information. This article models the dynamic process of information spreading on the news platform. Firstly, we analyze the dynamic characteristics of user state and information value. Users of news platforms have two states, active and silent states, and users can switch between these two states. The information value determines the probability of user state conversion. We construct the mathematical model for the dynamic features of user state and information value considering these characteristics. Then, with appropriate parameter assumptions, simulation experiments are performed to analyze the regularity of information spreading. The results of the experiment show that the user’s reading speed 1 / r and the conversion probability p α , β , t are important indicators that affect user state conversion. The lower reading speed and higher conversion probability can improve the transformation of the user state. Furthermore, we present some applications to promote information spreading, such as assessing the effectiveness of information spreading and controlling rumors on news platforms. Finally, we analyzed the effect of its information dissemination by taking Toutiao as an example and confirmed that the visibility and quality of information are important factors that affect information spreading. The experiments and analysis show that the dynamic mathematical model can reflect the information spreading in different situations with different parameters on the news platform.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (10) ◽  
pp. e0257844
Tong Chen ◽  
Ziqing Chen ◽  
Xuejun Jin

Rapid development of intelligent information equipment accelerates the expansion of mobile social network. Speed of information spreading is gradually growing, there are lots of changes in the scale and mode of information spreading. But the basic communication network is not developed and not mature, when online information platforms breakdown sometimes it happens to be when important information appears. Therefore, the research is done to solve these occasion problems, help network information platform filter hot news and discuss the reason that hot news exists longer than other news in the Internet. In this paper, a multiple information propagation model incorporating both local information environment and people’s limited attention is proposed based on Susceptible Infected Recovered (SIR) model. Two new concepts are introduced into the model: heat rate and popular rate, to measure the local information influence power and people’s limited attention to information respectively, which are key factors determining node state transformation instead of fixed probability. In order to analyze the influence from limited attention, a situation is designed that several pieces of information are popular successively. The theoretical analysis shows that the early popular information gets more attention than the later popular information, and more attention makes it easier to spread. Besides, numerical simulation is conducted in both uniform network and scale-free network. The simulation results show that the early popular information is less vulnerable to the increase of information acceptance threshold and more sensitive to the decrease of information rejection threshold than the later popular information. Moreover, the model can also be used in the case of large amount of information transmission without adding too much complexity. Reasons are given in the research that the top hot news exists very much longer than the other ones, and latter news which have same influence as top news are hard to get the same focus. Meanwhile, results in the research can provide some ways for the other researches in the related fields. They also help related information platforms to filter and push news and referable strategies to maintain hot news.

Yanyi Nie ◽  
Liming Pan ◽  
Tao Lin ◽  
Wei Wang

Extensive real-data reveals that individuals exhibit heterogeneous contacting frequency in social systems. We propose a mathematical model to investigate the effects of heterogeneous contacting for information spreading in metapopulation networks. In the proposed model, we assume the number of contacting (NOC) distribution follows a specific distribution, including the normal, exponential, and power-law distributions. We utilize the Markov chain method to study the information spreading dynamics and find that mean and variance display no significant effect on the outbreak threshold for all the considered distributions. Under the same values of NOC distribution’s mean and variance, the information prevalence is largest when the distribution of NOC follows the normal distribution and second-largest for the exponential distribution, the smallest for the power-law distribution. When the distribution of NOC obeys the normal distribution, experimental results show that the information prevalence will decrease with individual contact ability heterogeneity. We observe similar phenomena when the distribution of NOC follows a power-law and exponential distribution. Furthermore, a larger mean of individual contact capacity distribution will result in higher information prevalence.

Karlo Babic ◽  
Milan Petrovic ◽  
Slobodan Beliga ◽  
Sanda Martincic-Ipsic ◽  
Marko Pranjic ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 104 (3) ◽  
Zhongyuan Ruan ◽  
Bin Yu ◽  
Xiyun Zhang ◽  
Qi Xuan

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