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Author(s):  
Anuphak Saosaovaphak ◽  
Chukiat Chaiboonsri ◽  
Satawat O. Wannapan

Based on real situations that mankind is confronting with the difficult era; insufficiency in food supplies, natural disasters, epidemic, etc. The paper is to econometrically compute portfolio optimization and predict efficiency frontiers for solving the most sensible scenario to suggest a sustainable policy in the three important pillars such as the growth of economic systems, environmental management, and public healthcare. The main observations are annual time-series information between 2000 and 2017 and collected from three countries in ASEAN. Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia are the target. Methodologically, this research is to apply the quantum mechanism and the wave function for clarifying a real data distribution; true mean, and standard deviation of the data. These outcomes are the initial raw material for the modern portfolio optimization (for short-run policies) and efficient frontier computation (for long-term policies). Empirically, the results show some exclusive issues that can be the help for managing feasible budget allocations fairly and sustainably.


Author(s):  
Omar Ibrahim Mustafa ◽  
Hawraa Lateef Joey ◽  
Noor Abd AlSalam ◽  
Ibrahim Zeghaiton Chaloob

Wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) is common technology for indoor environments that use to estimate required distances, to be used for indoor localization. Due to multiple source of noise and interference with other signal, the receive signal strength (RSS) measurements unstable. The impression about targets environments should be available to estimate accurate targets location. The Wi-Fi fingerprint technique is widely implemented to build database matching with real data, but the challenges are the way of collect accurate data to be the reference and the impact of different environments on signals measurements. In this paper, optimum system proposed based on modify nearest point (MNP). To implement the proposal, 78 points measured to be the reference points recorded in each environment around the targets. Also, the case study building is separated to 7 areas, where the segmentation of environments leads to ability of dynamic parameters assignments. Moreover, database based on optimum data collected at each time using 63 samples in each point and the average will be final measurements. Then, the nearest point into specific environment has been determined by compared with at least four points. The results show that the errors of indoor localization were less than (0.102 m).


Based on real situations that mankind is confronting with the difficult era; insufficiency in food supplies, natural disasters, epidemic, etc. The paper is to econometrically compute portfolio optimization and predict efficiency frontiers for solving the most sensible scenario to suggest a sustainable policy in the three important pillars such as the growth of economic systems, environmental management, and public healthcare. The main observations are annual time-series information between 2000 and 2017 and collected from three countries in ASEAN. Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia are the target. Methodologically, this research is to apply the quantum mechanism and the wave function for clarifying a real data distribution; true mean, and standard deviation of the data. These outcomes are the initial raw material for the modern portfolio optimization (for short-run policies) and efficient frontier computation (for long-term policies). Empirically, the results show some exclusive issues that can be the help for managing feasible budget allocations fairly and sustainably.


2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-42
Author(s):  
Khashayar Gatmiry ◽  
Manuel Gomez-Rodriguez

Social media is an attention economy where broadcasters are constantly competing for attention in their followers’ feeds. Broadcasters are likely to elicit greater attention from their followers if their posts remain visible at the top of their followers’ feeds for a longer period of time. However, this depends on the rate at which their followers receive information in their feeds, which in turn depends on the broadcasters they follow. Motivated by this observation and recent calls for fairness of exposure in social networks, in this article, we look at the task of recommending links from the perspective of visibility optimization. Given a set of candidate links provided by a link recommendation algorithm, our goal is to find a subset of those links that would provide the highest visibility to a set of broadcasters. To this end, we first show that this problem reduces to maximizing a nonsubmodular nondecreasing set function under matroid constraints. Then, we show that the set function satisfies a notion of approximate submodularity that allows the standard greedy algorithm to enjoy theoretical guarantees. Experiments on both synthetic and real data gathered from Twitter show that the greedy algorithm is able to consistently outperform several competitive baselines.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-32
Author(s):  
Sajid Hasan Apon ◽  
Mohammed Eunus Ali ◽  
Bishwamittra Ghosh ◽  
Timos Sellis

Social networks with location enabling technologies, also known as geo-social networks, allow users to share their location-specific activities and preferences through check-ins. A user in such a geo-social network can be attributed to an associated location (spatial), her preferences as keywords (textual), and the connectivity (social) with her friends. The fusion of social, spatial, and textual data of a large number of users in these networks provide an interesting insight for finding meaningful geo-social groups of users supporting many real-life applications, including activity planning and recommendation systems. In this article, we introduce a novel query, namely, Top- k Flexible Socio-Spatial Keyword-aware Group Query (SSKGQ), which finds the best k groups of varying sizes around different points of interest (POIs), where the groups are ranked based on the social and textual cohesiveness among members and spatial closeness with the corresponding POI and the number of members in the group. We develop an efficient approach to solve the SSKGQ problem based on our theoretical upper bounds on distance, social connectivity, and textual similarity. We prove that the SSKGQ problem is NP-Hard and provide an approximate solution based on our derived relaxed bounds, which run much faster than the exact approach by sacrificing the group quality slightly. Our extensive experiments on real data sets show the effectiveness of our approaches in different real-life settings.


Author(s):  
Sugondo Hadiyoso ◽  
Heru Nugroho ◽  
Tati Latifah Erawati Rajab ◽  
Kridanto Surendro

The development of a mesh topology in multi-node electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring based on the ZigBee protocol still has limitations. When more than one active ECG node sends a data stream, there will be incorrect data or damage due to a failure of synchronization. The incorrect data will affect signal interpretation. Therefore, a mechanism is needed to correct or predict the damaged data. In this study, the method of expectation-maximization (EM) and regression imputation (RI) was proposed to overcome these problems. Real data from previous studies are the main modalities used in this study. The ECG signal data that has been predicted is then compared with the actual ECG data stored in the main controller memory. Root mean square error (RMSE) is calculated to measure system performance. The simulation was performed on 13 ECG waves, each of them has 1000 samples. The simulation results show that the EM method has a lower predictive error value than the RI method. The average RMSE for the EM and RI methods is 4.77 and 6.63, respectively. The proposed method is expected to be used in the case of multi-node ECG monitoring, especially in the ZigBee application to minimize errors.


Author(s):  
Ahmed Swar ◽  
Ghada Khoriba ◽  
Mohamed Belal

<span lang="EN-US">Data integration enables combining data from various data sources in a standard format. Internet of things (IoT) applications use ontology approaches to provide a machine-understandable conceptualization of a domain. We propose a unified ontology schema approach to solve all IoT integration problems at once. The data unification layer maps data from different formats to data patterns based on the unified ontology model. This paper proposes a middleware consisting of an ontology-based approach that collects data from different devices. IoT middleware requires an additional semantic layer for cloud-based IoT platforms to build a schema for data generated from diverse sources. We tested the proposed model on real data consisting of approximately 160,000 readings from various sources in different formats like CSV, JSON, raw data, and XML. The data were collected through the file transfer protocol (FTP) and generated 960,000 resource description framework (RDF) triples. We evaluated the proposed approach by running different queries on different machines on SPARQL protocol and RDF query language (SPARQL) endpoints to check query processing time, validation of integration, and performance of the unified ontology model. The average response time for query execution on generated RDF triples on the three servers were approximately 0.144 seconds, 0.070 seconds, 0.062 seconds, respectively.</span>


Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 668
Author(s):  
Nayara Longo Sartor Zagui ◽  
André Krindges ◽  
Anna Diva Plasencia Lotufo ◽  
Carlos Roberto Minussi

Mato Grosso, Brazil, is the largest soy producer in the country. Asian Soy Rust is a disease that has already caused a lot of damage to Brazilian agribusiness. The plant matures prematurely, hindering the filling of the pod, drastically reducing productivity. It is caused by the Phakopsora pachyrhizi fungus. For a plant disease to establish itself, the presence of a pathogen, a susceptible plant, and favorable environmental conditions are necessary. This research developed a fuzzy system gathering these three variables as inputs, having as an output the vulnerability of the region to the disease. The presence of the pathogen was measured using a diffusion-advection equation appropriate to the problem. Some coefficients were based on the literature, others were measured by a fuzzy system and others were obtained by real data. From the mapping of producing properties, the locations where there are susceptible plants were established. And the favorable environmental conditions were also obtained from a fuzzy system, whose inputs were temperature and leaf wetness. Data provided by IBGE, INMET, and Antirust Consortium were used to fuel the model, and all treatments, tests, and simulations were carried out within the Matlab® environment. Although Asian Soybean Rust was the chosen disease here, the model was general in nature, so could be reproduced for any disease of plants with the same profile.


Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 267
Author(s):  
Félix Morales ◽  
Miguel García-Torres ◽  
Gustavo Velázquez ◽  
Federico Daumas-Ladouce ◽  
Pedro E. Gardel-Sotomayor ◽  
...  

Correctly defining and grouping electrical feeders is of great importance for electrical system operators. In this paper, we compare two different clustering techniques, K-means and hierarchical agglomerative clustering, applied to real data from the east region of Paraguay. The raw data were pre-processed, resulting in four data sets, namely, (i) a weekly feeder demand, (ii) a monthly feeder demand, (iii) a statistical feature set extracted from the original data and (iv) a seasonal and daily consumption feature set obtained considering the characteristics of the Paraguayan load curve. Considering the four data sets, two clustering algorithms, two distance metrics and five linkage criteria a total of 36 models with the Silhouette, Davies–Bouldin and Calinski–Harabasz index scores was assessed. The K-means algorithms with the seasonal feature data sets showed the best performance considering the Silhouette, Calinski–Harabasz and Davies–Bouldin validation index scores with a configuration of six clusters.


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