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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (3) ◽  
pp. 0-0

Emergence of big data in today’s world leads to new challenges for sorting strategies to analyze the data in a better way. For most of the analyzing technique, sorting is considered as an implicit attribute of the technique used. The availability of huge data has changed the way data is analyzed across industries. Healthcare is one of the notable areas where data analytics is making big changes. An efficient analysis has the potential to reduce costs of treatment and improve the quality of life in general. Healthcare industries are collecting massive amounts of data and look for the best strategies to use these numbers. This research proposes a novel non-comparison based approach to sort a large data that can further be utilized by any big data analytical technique for various analyses.

2022 ◽  
Vol 54 (8) ◽  
pp. 1-36
Maxime Lamothe ◽  
Yann-Gaël Guéhéneuc ◽  
Weiyi Shang

Recent software advances have led to an expansion of the development and usage of application programming interfaces (APIs). From millions of Android packages (APKs) available on Google Store to millions of open-source packages available in Maven, PyPI, and npm, APIs have become an integral part of software development. Like any software artifact, software APIs evolve and suffer from this evolution. Prior research has uncovered many challenges to the development, usage, and evolution of APIs. While some challenges have been studied and solved, many remain. These challenges are scattered in the literature, which hides advances and cloaks the remaining challenges. In this systematic literature review on APIs and API evolution, we uncover and describe publication trends and trending topics. We compile common research goals, evaluation methods, metrics, and subjects. We summarize the current state-of-the-art and outline known existing challenges as well as new challenges uncovered during this review. We conclude that the main remaining challenges related to APIs and API evolution are (1) automatically identifying and leveraging factors that drive API changes, (2) creating and using uniform benchmarks for research evaluation, and (3) understanding the impact of API evolution on API developers and users with respect to various programming languages.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 910
Gustavo Lopes dos Santos ◽  
Rosário Macário ◽  
Marie Delaplace ◽  
Stefano Di Vita

Due to public opposition against the unsustainability of hosting the Olympic Games, the International Olympic Committee adopted Olympic Agenda 2020 to adjust the event requirements to address modern society’s sustainability concerns. Since its implementation, the Agenda has driven important changes regarding the planning and organization of the Olympics, including the possibility of regions being hosts. This allows the sprawl of Olympic venues over larger territories, theoretically facilitating the alignment of event requirements with the needs of the intensively growing contemporary urban areas. However, the larger the host territory, the more complex becomes its mobility planning, as transport requirements for participants still have to be fulfilled, and the host populations still expect to inherit benefits from any investments made. The objective of this paper is to identify and discuss new challenges that such modifications bring for mega-event mobility planning. First, based on the academic literature of case studies of previous Olympic cities, a theoretical framework to systematize the mobility problem at the Olympic Games is proposed for further validation, identifying the dimensions of the related knowledge frames. Second, the mobility planning for the case study of the first ever Olympic region—the Milan–Cortina 2026 Winter Games—is described. Using this case study, the proposed framework is then extrapolated for cases of Olympic regions in order to identify any shifts in the paradigm of mobility planning when increasing the spatial scale of Olympic hosts. Conclusions indicate that, if properly addressed, unsustainability might be mitigated in Olympic regions, but mega-event planners will have to consider new issues affecting host communities and event stakeholders.

2022 ◽  
Lucia Morosan-Danila ◽  
Otilia-Maria Bordeianu ◽  

The year 2020 came with new challenges for individuals,enterprise sand public institutions.The COVID-19 pandemic imposed a change in the way of thinking, management and action at local and global level, in order to overcome obstacles of financial, legislative, procedural ororganizational nature.The economic crisis felt by the business environment only started in 2020, andc ompanies mustunderstand the need to formulate and implement specific strategies related to management,human resources,supply chain,source of financing ,etc.This paper aims to present solutions for efficient management of human resources within companies in order to cope with the problems generated by COVID-19,based on the analysis of the current situation in Romania,presenting an analysis of the human resources management during the crisis. At the end, proposals are made to support the activity of human resources specialists in crisis situations, especially the type generated by COVID-19 context, when the mobility and interaction of human resources is limited.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 951-961
R. L. Sayakhov

The multiplicity of new challenges facing society actualizes interest in religious sources, which become the object of research for specialists in various fi elds of knowledge. In this regard, the Quran contains valuable information that expands the understanding of intrapersonal confl ict in terms of the study of the state of doubt “shakk” and suspicion “reib”, as well as factors contributing to the emergence and overcoming of these states. The study of “shakk” and “raib” was carried out as part of the case study of the Quran, which takes into account both the scientifi c and theological methodological basis, developed on the analysis of the Tafsirs by Tabari (839–923), by Zamakhshari (1075–1144), by Razi (1149–1209), by Tantawi (1928–2010). The article is intended to contribute to the development of the Quranbased Confl ictological Studies, as well as to emphasize the relevance of integrating scientifi c and theological knowledge into the fi eld of searching answers to pressing questions of our time.

Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 126
Lei Zhang ◽  
Huiliang Shang ◽  
Yandan Lin

The 6D Pose estimation is a crux in many applications, such as visual perception, autonomous navigation, and spacecraft motion. For robotic grasping, the cluttered and self-occlusion scenarios bring new challenges to the this field. Currently, society uses CNNs to solve this problem. The CNN models will suffer high uncertainty caused by the environmental factors and the object itself. These models usually maintain a Gaussian distribution, which is not suitable for the underlying manifold structure of the pose. Many works decouple rotation from the translation and quantify rotational uncertainty. Only a few works pay attention to the uncertainty of the 6D pose. This work proposes a distribution that can capture the uncertainty of the 6D pose parameterized by the dual quaternions, meanwhile, the proposed distribution takes the periodic nature of the underlying structure into account. The presented results include the normalization constant computation and parameter estimation techniques of the distribution. This work shows the benefits of the proposed distribution, which provides a more realistic explanation for the uncertainty in the 6D pose and eliminates the drawback inherited from the planar rigid motion.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 20-26
Yanli Sun

The construction of high-density primary schools in Shenzhen is facing new challenges. Therefore, it is essential to look for ways to meet the demand for degrees, realize education and teaching reform, eliminate the shackles of design code, and adapt to the local climate. From the perspective of design methodology, this article discusses the design strategy of Shenzhen’s high-density primary school campus from four aspects: compact layout, multiple functions, open space, and personalized design, aiming to provide ideas for the construction of primary school campuses.

Shuai Yuan ◽  
Xianhua Tang ◽  
Sitong Chen

In the present paper, we study the existence of nontrivial solutions of the following one-dimensional fractional Schr\“{o}dinger equation $$ (-\Delta)^{1/2}u+V(x)u=f(x,u), \ \ x\in \R, $$ where $(-\Delta)^{1/2}$ stands for the $1/2$-Laplacian, $V(x)\in \mathcal{C}(\R, (0,+\infty))$, and $f(x,u):\R\times\R\to \R$ is a continuous function with an exponential critical growth. Comparing with the existing works in the field of exponential-critical-growth fractional Schr\”{o}dinger equations, we encounter some new challenges due to the weaker assumptions on the reaction term $f$. By using some sharp energy estimates, we present a detailed analysis of the energy level, which allows us to establish the existence of nontrivial solutions for a wider class of nonlinear terms. Furthermore, we use the non-Nehari manifold method to establish the existence of Nehari-type ground state solutions of the one-dimensional fractional Schr\”{o}dinger equations.

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