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Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 12
Maria A. Butakova ◽  
Andrey V. Chernov ◽  
Oleg O. Kartashov ◽  
Alexander V. Soldatov

Artificial intelligence (AI) approaches continue to spread in almost every research and technology branch. However, a simple adaptation of AI methods and algorithms successfully exploited in one area to another field may face unexpected problems. Accelerating the discovery of new functional materials in chemical self-driving laboratories has an essential dependence on previous experimenters’ experience. Self-driving laboratories help automate and intellectualize processes involved in discovering nanomaterials with required parameters that are difficult to transfer to AI-driven systems straightforwardly. It is not easy to find a suitable design method for self-driving laboratory implementation. In this case, the most appropriate way to implement is by creating and customizing a specific adaptive digital-centric automated laboratory with a data fusion approach that can reproduce a real experimenter’s behavior. This paper analyzes the workflow of autonomous experimentation in the self-driving laboratory and distinguishes the core structure of such a laboratory, including sensing technologies. We propose a novel data-centric research strategy and multilevel data flow architecture for self-driving laboratories with the autonomous discovery of new functional nanomaterials.

2021 ◽  
Mo Sun ◽  
Jie Deng ◽  
Andreas Walther

Nature connects multiple fuel-driven chemical/enzymatic reaction networks (CRNs/ERNs) via cross-regulation to hierarchically control biofunctions for a tailored adaption in complex sensory landscapes. In contrast, emerging artificial fuel-driven systems most-ly focus on a single CRN and their implementation to direct self-assembly or material responses. In this work, we introduce a facile example of communication and cross-regulation among multiple DNA-based ERNs regulated by a concatenated RNA transcription regulator. For this purpose, we run two fuel-driven DNA-based ERNs by concurrent NAD+-fueled ligation and restriction via endo-nucleases (REases) in parallel. ERN one allows for the dynamic steady-state formation of the promoter sequence for T7 RNA poly-merase, which activates RNA transcription. The produced RNA regulator can repress or promote the second ERN via RNA-mediated strand displacement. Furthermore, adding RNase H to degrade the produced RNA can restart the reaction or tune the lag time of two ERNs, giving rise to a repression-recovery and promotion-stop processes. We believe that concatenation of multiple CRNs provides a basis for the design of more elaborate autonomous regulatory mechanisms in systems chemistry and synthetic biology.

2021 ◽  
pp. 174-188
Chris Speed ◽  
Martin Disley

2021 ◽  
Vol 127 (21) ◽  
Eric Cereceda-López ◽  
Dominik Lips ◽  
Antonio Ortiz-Ambriz ◽  
Artem Ryabov ◽  
Philipp Maass ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (22) ◽  
pp. 12643
Hamid Aït Abderrahim ◽  
Michel Giot

Closing the nuclear fuel cycle and transmuting Minor Actinides (M.As) can be considered as an application of the duty of care principlel principle which says that, “before the final disposal of any waste, any possible chemical and/or physical treatment has to be applied in order to reduce the waste’s toxicity, provided the treatment does not convey unacceptable risks or unacceptable costs”. Forty years of complex research and development has shown that Accelerator Driven Systems could provide a solution to the challenge posed by spent nuclear fuels, by enabling the ability to considerably decrease their radiotoxicity lifetime burden and volume. In particular, a multilateral strategy of treatment of the MAs could be a commendable solution for both the countries phasing out the exploitation of nuclear energy and for those pursuing and developing this exploitation. The pre-industrial assessment of the technical and financial feasibility for industrialization is the next step. This applies to the four R&D and Demonstration building blocks: advanced separation, MAs’ loaded fuel fabrication, dedicated transmuters demonstration (MYRRHA) and provision for MAs’ fuel loaded processing. A global vision of the process leading to a sustainable option is proposed.

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