human stress
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Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 155
Juan Antonio Castro-García ◽  
Alberto Jesús Molina-Cantero ◽  
Isabel María Gómez-González ◽  
Sergio Lafuente-Arroyo ◽  
Manuel Merino-Monge

Detecting stress when performing physical activities is an interesting field that has received relatively little research interest to date. In this paper, we took a first step towards redressing this, through a comprehensive review and the design of a low-cost body area network (BAN) made of a set of wearables that allow physiological signals and human movements to be captured simultaneously. We used four different wearables: OpenBCI and three other open-hardware custom-made designs that communicate via bluetooth low energy (BLE) to an external computer—following the edge-computingconcept—hosting applications for data synchronization and storage. We obtained a large number of physiological signals (electroencephalography (EEG), electrocardiography (ECG), breathing rate (BR), electrodermal activity (EDA), and skin temperature (ST)) with which we analyzed internal states in general, but with a focus on stress. The findings show the reliability and feasibility of the proposed body area network (BAN) according to battery lifetime (greater than 15 h), packet loss rate (0% for our custom-made designs), and signal quality (signal-noise ratio (SNR) of 9.8 dB for the ECG circuit, and 61.6 dB for the EDA). Moreover, we conducted a preliminary experiment to gauge the main ECG features for stress detection during rest.

2022 ◽  
Vol 37 (1) ◽  
pp. 60-70
Manuel Gil-Martin ◽  
Ruben San-Segundo ◽  
Ana Mateos ◽  
Javier Ferreiros-Lopez

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. 372-372
Bruce Yankner ◽  
Joseph Zullo

Abstract The aging human brain is a study in both the importance and limitations of human stress response factors. Individual neurons can maintain functionality for 80 or more years, testifying to the potency of their stress response pathways. However, failure of these pathways during aging drastically increases the risk of neurodegenerative diseases. The transcriptional repressor REST is induced in the brains of long-lived humans but is lost in neurodegenerative disease. Here, we explore one modality of REST’s protective effects: regulation of neuronal excitability. We show that excitatory capacity and stress response are inversely correlated in the human brain. We find that REST and its C. elegans orthologs repress neuronal excitation in response to stressful conditions. Further, exogenously suppressing neuronal excitation restores stress resistance to REST-deficient animals, while enhancing stress response in wildtype ones. Thus, regulation of neuronal activity is an important aspect of neuronal stress response and a potential therapeutic modality.

Lawrance Ebenezeri Kileo ◽  
Nsajigwa Emmanuel Mbije

Saadani-Wami-Mbiki wildlife corridor has been facing conservation threats as a result of various land-use practices (LUP) carried out in and around the corridor. The understanding of changes happening in the corridor over time is important for establishing the management baseline data. This study aimed at identifying land use practices along the Saadani-Wami-Mbiki wildlife corridor and their implications to wildlife conservation. Specifically, the study sought to determine the rate of land cover changes in the corridor between 1975 and 2011 and the effects associated with land use practices on wildlife conservation. The land sat imageries of 1975, 1995, and 2011 were used to assess the rate of vegetation cover changes as a result of various land use practices carried out along. The household survey and Key informants' interview methods were used to obtain socio-economic data which were analyzed using SPSS while GIS data were analyzed using the ERDAS IMAGINE 9.1   and ArcGIS 9.3 programs. In the past 36 years (1975-2011), the cultivated land increased by 25%, settlement by 13%, open forest by 10% while closed forest and grassland decreased by 18% and 3% respectively. Shifting cultivation, overgrazing, charcoal burning, settlements, and poaching were identified as major land use practices threatening wildlife conservation within the corridor. Based on the results, it was recommended that, the Government should formulate a land use management plan and introduce a community-based natural resources management strategy to improve natural resources utilization and reduction of human stress to the corridor.

Forests ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (11) ◽  
pp. 1600
Albert Bach ◽  
Jose Joaquin Ceron ◽  
Roser Maneja ◽  
Joan Llusià ◽  
Josep Penuelas ◽  

The current study analyses the evolution of different human stress markers during an 8 h exposure to a Mediterranean Holm oak forest. We conducted a pre-post study with thirty-one subjects in which saliva samples were collected before the exposure (baseline) and after 1, 2, 4 and 8 h. Our results show: (A) a significant decrease in cortisol saliva concentrations from the second hour until the end compared to basal time; (B) a significant increase in alpha amylase activity after the first hour of exposure compared to basal time that remained elevated during the rest of the study; (C) a significant decrease in IgA from the fourth hour of exposure compared to the basal time. These findings indicate an effect of forest exposure in salivary biomarkers of stress and provide relevant data for the scientific and healthcare community encouraging further research in the field.

Ahmed Khudhair Abbas ◽  
Kaleid Waleed Abed ◽  
Osama Ibrahim Abd ◽  
Yousif Al Mashhadany ◽  
Abdulrahman Hammad Jasim

<p>There is a requirement for an elective wellspring of inexhaustible and earth feasible electrical vitality because of expanded power use and an unnatural weather change issues the world over. With the accumulation of dust and the surface temperature of cells or sun-based boards increase, their productivity drops significantly. Cooling and cleaning by using water can be utilized. Proteus and MikroC software have been used to simulate the model and write the code. In this paper, is design and an experimental study shrewd customized cleaning and cooling system for photo-voltaic (PV) modules installed in Ramadi, Iraq. Which is started dependent on low essentialness coming about due to dust accumulating and high temperature conditions. This was attempted by presenting two indistinct photovoltaic modules close to one another. The fundamental unit was equipped with a model of the cleaning structure while the resulting unit was seen as standard. An upgraded cleaning and cooling methodology are gotten with the data acquiring structure. An expansion in vitality profitability of 12.4% was acquired because of lessening the operational aggravations of residue amassing and warming of the board surface. The automatic cleaning mechanism used in the system reduces human stress by washing the PV panel with low energy use.</p>

Chiara Burattini ◽  
Giuseppe Curcio ◽  
Giulia D'Aurizio ◽  
Gianluca Maria Marcilli ◽  
Francesco Brignone ◽  

Stress ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Anika Pützer ◽  
Oliver T. Wolf

2021 ◽  
Gilles van Wezel ◽  
Doris van Bergeijk ◽  
Somayah Elsayed ◽  
Chao Du ◽  
Isabel Nunez Santiago ◽  

Abstract Actinobacteria are a rich source of bioactive molecules, and genome sequencing has shown that the vast majority of their biosynthetic potential has yet to be explored. However, many of their biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) are poorly expressed in the laboratory, which prevents discovery of their cognate natural products. To exploit their full biosynthetic potential, better understanding of the signals that promote the expression of BGCs is needed. Here, we show that the human stress hormone epinephrine (adrenaline) elicits antibiotic production by Actinobacteria. Catechol was established as the likely eliciting moiety, since similar responses were seen for catechol and for the catechol-containing molecules dopamine and catechin but not for related molecules. Exploration of the catechol-responsive strain Streptomyces sp. MBT84 using mass spectral networking revealed elicitation of a BGC that produces the angucycline glycosides aquayamycin, urdamycinone B and galtamycin C. Heterologous expression of the catechol-cleaving enzymes catechol 1,2-dioxygenase or catechol 2,3 dioxygenase counteracted the eliciting effect of catechol. Thus, for the first time we show the activation of natural product biosynthesis by a human hormone, leading to the identification of the ubiquitous catechol moiety as elicitor of BGCs for siderophores and antibiotics.

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