signal reconstruction
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Author(s):  
Chapkit Charnsamorn ◽  
Suphongsa Khetkeeree

The existed interpolation method, based on the second-order tetration polynomial, has the asymmetric property. The interpolation results, for each considering region, give individual characteristics. Although the interpolation performance has been better than the conventional methods, the symmetric property for signal interpolation is also necessary. In this paper, we propose the symmetric interpolation formulas derived from the second-order tetration polynomial. The combination of the forward and backward operations was employed to construct two types of the symmetric interpolation. Several resolutions of the fundamental signals were used to evaluate the signal reconstruction performance. The results show that the proposed interpolations can be used to reconstruct the fundamental signal and its peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) is superior to the conventional interpolation methods, except the cubic spline interpolation for the sine wave signal. However, the visual results show that it has a small difference. Moreover, our proposed interpolations converge to the steady-state faster than the cubic spline interpolation. In addition, the option number increasing will reinforce their sensitivity.


2022 ◽  
Vol 167 ◽  
pp. 108765
Author(s):  
Zixiao Yang ◽  
Peng Xu ◽  
Biao Zhang ◽  
Chuanlong Xu ◽  
Liming Zhang ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110514
Author(s):  
Aryan Singh ◽  
Keegan J Moore

This research introduces a procedure for signal denoising based on linear combinations of intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) extracted using empirical mode decomposition (EMD). The method, termed component-scaled signal reconstruction, employs the standard EMD algorithm, with no enhancements to decompose the signal into a set of IMFs. The problem of mode mixing is leveraged for noise removal by constructing an optimal linear combination of the potentially mixed IMFs. The optimal linear combination is determined using an optimization routine with an objective function that maximizes and minimizes the information and noise, respectively, in the denoised signal. The method is demonstrated by applying it to a computer-generated voice sample and the displacement response of a cantilever beam with local stiffness nonlinearity. In the first application, the noise is introduced into the sample manually by adding a Gaussian white-noise signal to the signal. In the second application, the response of the entire beam is filmed using two 1-megapixel cameras, and the three-dimensional displacement field is extracted using digital image correlation. The noise in this application arises entirely from the images captured. The proposed method is compared to existing EMD, ensemble EMD, and LMD based denoising approaches and is found to perform better.


Author(s):  
Rachael C Tighe ◽  
Jonathon Hill ◽  
Tom Vosper ◽  
Cody Taylor ◽  
Tairongo Tuhiwai

Abstract Thermographic inspection provides opportunity to tailor non-destructive evaluation to specific applications. The paper discusses the opportunities this presents through consideration of adhesive bonds between composites, such as those joining structural members and outer skins, where access is restricted to a single side. To date, literature focusses on the development of either an experimental procedure or data processing approach. This research aims to demonstrate the importance of tailoring both of these aspects to an application to obtain improved defect detection and robust quantification. Firstly, the heating stimulus is optimised to maximise the thermal contrast created between defect and non-defect regions using a development panel. Traditional flash heating is compared to longer square pulse heating, using a developed shutter system, compromising between experimental duration and heat input. A pulse duration of 4 seconds using two 130 W halogen bulbs was found double the detection depth from 1 mm to 2 mm, revealing all defects in the development panel. Temporal processing was maintained for all data using thermal signal reconstruction. Spatial defect detection routines were then implemented to provide robust defect/feature detection. Spatial defect detection encompassed a combination of image enhancement and edge detection algorithms. A two-stage kernel filter/binary enhancement method followed by the use of Canny edge detection was found most robust, providing a sizing error of 1.8 % on the development panel data. This process was then implemented on adhesive bonds with simulated bond line defects. The simulated defects are based on target detection threshold of 10 mm diameter void found at 1- 2 mm depth. All simulated void defects were detected in the representative bonded joint down to the minimum diameter tested of 5 mm. By considering the tailoring of multiple aspects of the inspection routine independently, an overall optimised approach for the application of interest has been defined.


Author(s):  
Shuyao Tian ◽  
Zhen Zhao ◽  
Tao Hou ◽  
Liancheng Zhang

In the hyperspectral imaging device, the sensor detects the reflection or radiation intensity of the target at hundreds of different wavelengths, thus forming a spectral image composed of hundreds of continuous bands. The traditional processing method of sampling first and then compressing not only cannot fundamentally solve the problem of huge amount of data, but also causes waste of resources. To solve this problem, a spectral image reconstruction method based on compressed sampling in spatial domain and transform coding in spectral domain is designed by using the sparsity of single-band two-dimensional image and the spectral redundancy of spatial coded data. Based on Bayesian theory, a compressed sensing measurement matrix of adaptive projection is proposed. Combining these two algorithms, an adaptive Grouplet-FBCS algorithm is constructed to reconstruct the image using smooth projection Landweber. Experimental results show that, compared with existing image block compression sensing algorithms, this algorithm can significantly improve the quality of image signal reconstruction.


2022 ◽  
Vol 162 ◽  
pp. 108056
Author(s):  
D.P. Yang ◽  
D.F. Song ◽  
X.H. Zeng ◽  
X.L. Wang ◽  
X.M. Zhang

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 163-168
Author(s):  
Dawei He ◽  
Boxin Wang ◽  
Xin Gao ◽  
Xia Wang

Aiming at the serious noise of bridge vibration signals in complex environment, this paper proposed an adaptive filtering and denoising optimization method for bridge structural health monitoring. The method took CEEMDAN algorithm as the core, during the step-by-step decomposition of original signals, white noise with opposite signs was added in each stage, meanwhile multi-scale permutation entropy (MPE) was introduced to analyze the mean entropy of each intrinsic mode function (IMF) at different scales, and components with serious noise were eliminated to complete the first filtering; then, in order to optimize the remaining IMFs for signal reconstruction and ensuring the smoothness and similarity of filtering, an optimized reconstruction model was established to complete the second filtering. Compared with the CEEMDAN method, the proposed method could solve the problems of mode mixing and endpoint effect with good completeness, orthogonality, and signal-to-noise ratio. At last, the advantages and application value of the proposed method were verified again by the vibration signal analysis of a real long-span bridge structure.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Saba Javaid ◽  
Sadia Murawwat ◽  
Waqas Latif ◽  
Javaid Aslam ◽  
Muhammad Wasif ◽  
...  

For clinical study and diagnosis, compression of Electro Cardio Gram (ECG) signal is a fundamental step for processing. However, the compression and reconstruction introduce errors in the signal. Therefore, error minimization is crucial before using these signals for analysis and diagnosis. This paper presents an efficient method to minimize the reconstruction error using the adaptive filtering technique. Better reconstruction was achieved based on higher value of Compression Ratio and lesser value of Percent Root mean squared difference. Daubechies Wavelet easily detects the signal spikes while keeping less error rate using Least Mean Squared Error algorithm. However, the percentage value of error appeared to be minimum when using Daubechies Wavelet because of its small coefficients other than Haar and Coiflet Wavelet. Therefore, it was concluded that Daubechies Wavelet should have been used for error minimization in the reconstructed signal.


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