Journal of Vibration and Control
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Published By Sage Publications


2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110514
Aryan Singh ◽  
Keegan J Moore

This research introduces a procedure for signal denoising based on linear combinations of intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) extracted using empirical mode decomposition (EMD). The method, termed component-scaled signal reconstruction, employs the standard EMD algorithm, with no enhancements to decompose the signal into a set of IMFs. The problem of mode mixing is leveraged for noise removal by constructing an optimal linear combination of the potentially mixed IMFs. The optimal linear combination is determined using an optimization routine with an objective function that maximizes and minimizes the information and noise, respectively, in the denoised signal. The method is demonstrated by applying it to a computer-generated voice sample and the displacement response of a cantilever beam with local stiffness nonlinearity. In the first application, the noise is introduced into the sample manually by adding a Gaussian white-noise signal to the signal. In the second application, the response of the entire beam is filmed using two 1-megapixel cameras, and the three-dimensional displacement field is extracted using digital image correlation. The noise in this application arises entirely from the images captured. The proposed method is compared to existing EMD, ensemble EMD, and LMD based denoising approaches and is found to perform better.

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110523
Yimin Chen ◽  
Yunxuan Song ◽  
Liru Shi ◽  
Jian Gao

Advanced driver assistance control faces great challenges in cooperating with the nearby vehicles. The assistance controller of an intelligent vehicle has to provide control efforts properly to prevent possible collisions without interfering with the drivers. This paper proposes a novel driver assistance control method for intelligent ground vehicles to cooperate with the nearby vehicles, using the stochastic model predictive control algorithm. The assistance controller is designed to correct the drivers’ steering maneuvers when there is a risk of possible collisions, so that the drivers are not interfered. To enhance the cooperation between the vehicles, the nearby vehicle motion is predicted and included in the assistance controller design. The position uncertainties of the nearby vehicle are considered by the stochastic model predictive control approach via chance constraints. Simulation studies are conducted to validate the proposed control method. The results show that the assistance controller can help the drivers avoid possible collisions with the nearby vehicles and the driving safety can be guaranteed.

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110495
ZhaoYuan Yao ◽  
JunGuo Wang ◽  
YongXiang Zhao

In this study, an innovative modeling approach is put forward to research the effect of eccentricity on the nonlinear dynamical behaviors of geared-bearing system. This refined model contains the rigid body of the rotor-bearing system and separated gear teeth which are considered as individual bodies elastically attached to the gear hub with revolute joints. The internal and external excitations of the proposed model include torsional joint stiffness, roll bearing forces, friction between gear pair, gear eccentricity, and so on. The systematic procedure for the calculation of torsional joint stiffness, bearing forces and friction coefficient considering elastohydrodynamic is also conducted. After that, the influence of eccentricity on nonlinear dynamic characteristics of the geared transmission system is analyzed. To avoid the system moving in the unstable motion state, a dry friction damper controller is designed to control the nonlinear behaviors simulated on the basis of above model. The linear feedback and periodic excitation non-feedback control strategies are, respectively, selected to design the actuator. It is indicated that undesirable behaviors of the geared transmission system can be avoided effectively by applying the proposed control method.

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110518
Sarah Gebai ◽  
Gwendal Cumunel ◽  
Mohammad Hammoud ◽  
Gilles Foret ◽  
Emmanuel Roze ◽  

Tuned mass dampers (TMDs) are proposed as a solution to reduce the involuntary tremor at the upper limb of a patient with postural tremor. The upper limb is modeled as a three-degrees-of-freedom rotating system in the vertical plane, with a flexion-extension motion at the joints. The measured extensor carpi radialis signal of a patient is used to excite the dynamic model. We propose a numerical methodology to optimize the parameters of the TMDs in the frequency domain combined with the response in the time domain. The objective function for the optimization of the dynamic problem is the maximum angular displacement of the wrist joint. The optimal stiffness and damping of the TMDs are obtained by satisfying the minimization of the selected objective function. The considered passive absorber is a cantilever beam–like TMD, whose length, beam cross-sectional diameter, and mass position reflect its stiffness for a chosen additional mass. A parametric study of the TMD is conducted to evaluate the effect of the TMD position along the hand segment, the number of TMDs, and the total mass of TMDs. The sensitivity of the TMD to a decrease of its modal damping ratio is studied to meet the range of stainless steel. TMDs are manufactured using stainless steel beams of the same length (9.1 cm) and cross-sectional diameter (0.79 mm), for which the mass (14.13 g) position is adjusted to match the optimal frequency. Three TMDs holding a mass of 14.13 g each cause 89% reduction in the wrist joint angular displacement.

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110467
Shohreh Reaei ◽  
Roohollah Talebitooti

The present study is concerned with an analytical solution for calculating sound transmission loss through an infinite double-walled circular cylindrical shell with two isotropic skins and a polymeric foam core. Accordingly, the two-walled cylindrical shell is stimulated applying an acoustic oblique plane wave. The equations of motion are derived according to Hamilton’s principle using the first-order shear deformation theory for every three layers of the construction. Additionally, by the aid of employing the Zener mathematical model for the core of polymeric foam, mechanical properties are determined. To authenticate the results of this study, the damping of the core layer goes to zero. Therefore, the numerical results in this special case are compared with those of isotropic shells. The results prove that the presented model has high accuracy. It is also designated that decreasing the power-law exponent of the core leads to improving the sound transmission loss through the thickness of the construction. Besides, in addition to probe some configurations versus alterations of frequencies and dimensions, the convergence algorithm is provided. Consequently, it is realized that by increasing the excitation frequency, the minimum number of modes to find the convergence conditions is enhanced. The results also contain a comparison between the sound transmission loss coefficient for four different models of a core of a sandwiched cylindrical shell. It is comprehended that the presented model has a transmission loss coefficient more than the other types of the core at high frequencies.

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110593
Mohammad Hossein Heydari ◽  
Mohsen Razzaghi ◽  
Zakieh Avazzadeh

In this study, the orthonormal piecewise Bernoulli functions are generated as a new kind of basis functions. An explicit matrix related to fractional integration of these functions is obtained. An efficient direct method is developed to solve a novel set of optimal control problems defined using a fractional integro-differential equation. The presented technique is based on the expressed basis functions and their fractional integral matrix together with the Gauss–Legendre integration method and the Lagrange multipliers algorithm. This approach converts the original problem into a mathematical programming one. Three examples are investigated numerically to verify the capability and reliability of the approach.

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110514
Sivakumar Solaiachari ◽  
Jayakumar Lakshmipathy

In this study, a new type of vibration isolator based on fluidic actuators and a composite slab was tested experimentally with an unbalanced disturbance. Quasi-zero stiffness vibration isolation techniques are advanced and provide effective isolation performance for non-nominal loads. The isolation performance of the proposed isolator was compared to that of a nonlinear vibration isolator equipped with fluidic actuators and a mechanical coil spring (NLVIFA). The NLVIFA system is better suited to non-nominal loads; however, the mechanical spring axial deflection leads to limited amplitude reduction in the system. To address this issue, a cross buckled slab was developed to replace a mechanical coil spring for absorbing vertical deflection by transverse bending, which is made of a specially developed composite material of Basalt fiber reinforced with epoxy resin and enhanced with graphene nano pellets. This current study was concerned with the theoretical analysis and experimental investigations of the proposed nonlinear vibration isolator with fluidic actuators and composite material (NLVIFA-CM), which performs under quasi-zero stiffness characteristics. Because of its reduced axial deflection, the theoretical and experimental results show that the NLVIFA-CM system outperforms the NLVIFA system and other linear type vibration isolators in terms of isolation performance. Furthermore, the proposed vibration isolator makes a significant contribution to low-frequency vibration.

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110421
ShengChao Zhen ◽  
MuCun Ma ◽  
XiaoLi Liu ◽  
Feng Chen ◽  
Han Zhao ◽  

In this paper, we design a novel robust control method to reduce the trajectory tracking errors of the SCARA robot with uncertainties including parameters such as uncertainty of the mechanical system and external disturbance, which are time-varying and nonlinear. Then, we propose a deterministic form of the model-based robust control algorithm to deal with the uncertainties. The proposed control algorithm is composed of two parts according to the assumed upper limit of the system uncertainties: one is the traditional proportional-derivative control, and the other is the robust control based on the Lyapunov method, which has the characteristics of model-based and error-based. The stability of the proposed control algorithm is proved by the Lyapunov method theoretically, which shows the system can maintain uniformly bounded and uniformly ultimately bounded. The experimental platform includes the rapid controller prototyping cSPACE, which is designed to reduce programming time and to improve the efficiency of the practical operation. Moreover, we adopt different friction models to investigate the effect of friction on robot performance in robot joints. Finally, numerical simulation and experimental results indicate that the control algorithm proposed in this paper has desired control performance on the SCARA robot.

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110421
Beena Limkar ◽  
Gautam Chandekar

Dynamic analysis of Sitar, an Indian string instrument, is important for better understanding of the instrument behavior during performance. Sitar has complex geometry, and most of its components have anisotropic material properties, which generate a lot of challenges in performing numerical modal analysis. Considering this, an experimental approach of operational modal analysis (OMA) is performed on Sitar to extract its natural frequencies using the Stochastic Subspace Identification method. Hammer or shaker excitation required for conventional experimental modal analysis (EMA) has huge limitations of using harder hammer tips and high magnitude force as the instrument is delicate. However, to validate OMA results, EMA is performed with extreme care using an instrumented hammer with soft tip and with a very low excitation force. PolyMAX algorithm is used in EMA. It is observed that most of the correlated OMA and EMA modes lie in the audible frequency range. The maximum absolute percent error observed for these frequencies is 2.14%. All the modes obtained in OMA are significant as the string excitation simulate close to the real-life performing situation. Most of these modes map to musical note frequencies. Considering the detrimental effect of excitation required for EMA, OMA is a recommended method for extracting modal characteristics of Sitar.

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110623
J Shayne Love ◽  
Kevin P McNamara ◽  
Michael J Tait ◽  
Trevor C Haskett

Annular tuned sloshing dampers equipped with damping screens are studied experimentally and analytically. A nonlinear multimodal model is presented to simulate the coupled response among the lowest order sloshing modes in a tank equipped with damping screens, which leads to velocity-squared damping. Shake table tests are conducted on annular tanks with various inner radii, water depths, screen orientations, and base excitation amplitudes. The proposed model is evaluated by comparing the predicted and measured sloshing forces, energy dissipation per cycle, and wave heights. The predicted sloshing forces and energy dissipation per cycle are in good agreement with the measured results. The wave heights show larger discrepancies, including phase shifts; however, the peak amplitudes are captured with reasonable accuracy for the tests conducted. Secondary resonances lead to multiple peaks in the frequency response plots when higher order sloshing modes become excited through modal coupling. Plots created to indicate which secondary resonances are likely to occur for a given liquid depth ratio indicate that it may not be possible to avoid all secondary resonances. Radial damping screens can be strategically positioned within the tank to provide the desired level of damping to the fundamental sloshing modes, as well as a reasonable amount of damping to higher order modes that are susceptible to secondary resonance excitation. Since existing linearized models for annular tuned sloshing dampers equipped with damping screens do not capture the important nonlinear response characteristics of these devices, the proposed model fills an important research gap necessary to facilitate their effective design.

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