phased array
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2022 ◽  
Vol 166 ◽  
pp. 108462
Zhi-Bo Yang ◽  
Ming-Feng Zhu ◽  
Yan-Feng Lang ◽  
Xue-Feng Chen

Ultrasonics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 119 ◽  
pp. 106582
João da Cruz Payão Filho ◽  
Vinicius Pereira Maia ◽  
Elisa Kimus Dias Passos ◽  
Rodrigo Stohler Gonzaga ◽  
Diego Russo Juliano

2022 ◽  
Vol 146 ◽  
pp. 107528
Guan Huang ◽  
Guoyun Lv ◽  
Yangyu Fan ◽  
Chao Geng ◽  
Xinyang Li

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 849
Rymantas Jonas Kazys ◽  
Justina Sestoke ◽  
Egidijus Zukauskas

Ultrasonic-guided waves are widely used for the non-destructive testing and material characterization of plates and thin films. In the case of thin plastic polyvinyl chloride (PVC), films up to 3.2 MHz with only two Lamb wave modes, antisymmetrical A0 and symmetrical S0, may propagate. At frequencies lower that 240 kHz, the velocity of the A0 mode becomes slower than the ultrasonic velocity in air which makes excitation and reception of such mode complicated. For excitation of both modes, we propose instead a single air-coupled ultrasonic transducer to use linear air-coupled arrays, which can be electronically readjusted to optimally excite and receive the A0 and S0 guided wave modes. The objective of this article was the numerical investigation of feasibility to excite different types of ultrasonic-guided waves, such as S0 and A0 modes in thin plastic films with the same electronically readjusted linear phased array. Three-dimensional and two-dimensional simulations of A0 and S0 Lamb wave modes using a single ultrasonic transducer and a linear phased array were performed. The obtained results clearly demonstrate feasibility to excite efficiently different guided wave modes in thin plastic films with readjusted phased array.

Optica ◽  
2022 ◽  
Taichiro Fukui ◽  
Ryota Tanomura ◽  
Kento Komatsu ◽  
daiji yamashita ◽  
shun takahashi ◽  

2022 ◽  
Daichi Kitahara ◽  
Hiroki Kuroda ◽  
Akira Hirabayashi ◽  
Eiichi Yoshikawa ◽  
Hiroshi Kikuchi ◽  

<div>We propose nonlinear beamforming for phased array weather radars (PAWRs). Conventional beamforming is linear in the sense that a backscattered signal arriving from each elevation is reconstructed by a weighted sum of received signals, which can be seen as a linear transform for the received signals. For distributed targets such as raindrops, however, the number of scatterers is significantly large, differently from the case of point targets that are standard targets in array signal processing. Thus, the spatial resolution of the conventional linear beamforming is limited. To improve the spatial resolution, we exploit two characteristics of a periodogram of each backscattered signal from the distributed targets. The periodogram is a series of the powers of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) coefficients of each backscattered signal and utilized as a nonparametric estimate of the power spectral density. Since each power spectral density is proportional to the Doppler frequency distribution, (i) major components of the periodogram are concentrated in the vicinity of the mean Doppler frequency, and (ii) frequency indices of the major components are similar between adjacent elevations. These are expressed as group-sparsities of the DFT coefficient matrix of the backscattered signals, and we propose to reconstruct the signals through convex optimization exploiting the group-sparsities. We consider two optimization problems. One problem roughly evaluates the group-sparsities and is relatively easy to solve. The other evaluates the group-sparsities more accurately, but requires more time to solve. Both problems are solved with the alternating direction method of multipliers including nonlinear mappings. Simulations using synthetic and real-world PAWR data show that the proposed method dramatically improves the spatial resolution.</div>

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 748
Seong Jin Lim ◽  
Young Lae Kim ◽  
Sungjong Cho ◽  
Ik Keun Park

Pipes of various shapes constitute pipelines utilized in industrial sites. These pipes are coupled through welding, wherein complex curvatures such as a flange, an elbow, a reducer, and a branch pipe are often found. Using phased array ultrasonic testing (PAUT) to inspect weld zones with complex curvatures is faced with different challenges due to parts that are difficult to contact with probes, small-diameter pipes, spatial limitations due to adjacent pipes, nozzles, and sloped shapes. In this study, we developed a flexible PAUT probe (FPAPr) and a semi-automatic scanner that was improved to enable stable FPAPr scanning for securing its inspection data consistency and reproducibility. A mock-up test specimen was created for a flange, an elbow, a reducer, and a branch pipe. Artificial flaws were inserted into the specimen through notch and hole processing, and simulations and verification experiments were performed to verify the performance and field applicability of the FPAPr and semi-automatic scanner.

D. Govind Rao ◽  
N. S. Murthy ◽  
A. Vengadarajan

This paper deals with the design and implementation of a digital beam former architecture which is developed for 4/8/12/16 element phased array radar. This technique employs a very high performance FPGA to handle large no of parallel complex arithmetic operations including digital down conversion and filtering. A 3MHz echo signal riding on an IF carrier of 60 MHz is under sampled at 50 MHz and down converted digitally to bring the spectrum to echo signal baseband. After suitable decimation filtering, the I and Q channels are multiplied with Recursive Least Squares based optimized complex weights to form partial beams. The prototype architecture employs techniques of pipelining and parallelism to generate multiple beams simultaneously from a 16 element array within 1 μsec. This can be extended to several number of arrays. The critical components employed in this design are eight 16 bit 125 MS/s ADCs and a very high performance state of the art Xilinx FPGA device Virtex-5 FX 130T having several on-chip resources and 150 MHz clock generators.

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