experienced endoscopists
Recently Published Documents





2021 ◽  
Vol 09 (11) ◽  
pp. E1617-E1626
Ken Inoue ◽  
Naohisa Yoshida ◽  
Osamu Dohi ◽  
Satoshi Sugino ◽  
Shinya Matsumura ◽  

Abstract Background and study aims This study evaluated the technical aspects of colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) with the Clutch Cutter (CC) (Fujifilm Co., Tokyo, Japan), a scissor-type knife, and the S-O clip (SO) as a traction clip, and compared the safety and efficacy to ESD using a needle-type knife. Patients and methods This was a single-center retrospective study. In Study 1, we evaluated 125 ESD patients: 60 using the SO and CC (SO group) and 65 using the CC (CC group). In Study 2, we evaluated 185 ESD patients: the CC group (N = 65) and 120 using the Flush knife BT-S (Flush group) (Fujifilm Co., Tokyo, Japan). In both studies, the clinicopathological features and therapeutic outcomes were compared using a propensity score-matched analysis. Results In 36 pairs of matched patients in Study 1, the rates of en bloc resection, R0 resection, perforation, and postoperative bleeding (POB) were 97.2 %, 88.9 %, 2.8 %, and 0 %, respectively, for the SO group and 100 %, 91.7 %, 0 %, and 0 % for the CC group (not significant). The mean procedure time for the SO group among less-experienced endoscopists was significantly shorter than in the CC group (42 vs. 65 minutes, P = 0.036). In 49 pairs of matched patients in Study 2, the rates of en bloc resection, R0 resection, perforation, and POB were 100 %, 95.8 %, 0 %, and 0 %, respectively, for the CC group and 98.0 %, 95.8 %, 0 %, and 2.0 % for the Flush group (not significant). The mean procedure time in the CC group among less-experienced endoscopists was significantly shorter than in the Flush group (52 vs. 67 minutes, P = 0.038). Conclusions CC and the combined use of CC and SO reduced colorectal ESD procedure time among less-experienced endoscopists.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Yuki Okamoto ◽  
Shiro Oka ◽  
Shinji Tanaka ◽  
Yuki Kamigaichi ◽  
Hirosato Tamari ◽  

Abstract Background An educational and training program is required for generalization of Japan NBI Expert Team (JNET) classification. However, there is no detailed report on the learning curve of the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopists using JNET classification. We examined the effect of an educational lecture on beginners and less experienced endoscopists for improving their diagnostic accuracy of colorectal lesions by JNET classification. Methods Seven beginners with no endoscopy experience (NEE group), 7 less experienced endoscopists (LEE group), and 3 highly experienced endoscopists (HEE group) performed diagnosis using JNET classification for randomized NBI images of colorectal lesions from 180 cases (Type 1: 22 cases, Type 2A: 105 cases, Type 2B: 33 cases, and Type 3: 20 cases). Next, the NEE and LEE groups received a lecture on JNET classification, and all 3 groups repeated the diagnostic process. We compared the correct diagnosis rate and interobserver agreement before and after the lecture comprehensively and for each JNET type. Results In the HEE group, the correct diagnosis rate was more than 90% with good interobserver agreements (kappa value: 0.78–0.85). In the NEE and LEE groups, the correct diagnosis rate (NEE: 60.2 → 68.0%, P < 0.01; LEE: 66.4 → 86.7%, P < 0.01), high-confidence correct diagnosis rate (NEE: 19.6 → 37.2%, P < 0.01; LEE: 43.6 → 61.1%, P < 0.01), and interobserver agreement (kappa value, NEE: 0.32 → 0.43; LEE: 0.39 → 0.75) improved after the lecture. In the examination by each JNET type, the specificity and positive predictive value in the NEE and LEE groups generally improved after the lecture. Conclusion After conducting an appropriate lecture, the diagnostic ability using JNET classification was improved in beginners or endoscopists with less experience in NBI magnifying endoscopy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Kohei Oka ◽  
Naoto Iwai ◽  
Takashi Okuda ◽  
Tasuku Hara ◽  
Yutaka Inada ◽  

Background. We frequently encounter early gastric cancer (EGC) that could not be detected in the previous esophagogastroduodenoscopy even if the procedure was annually performed. However, little evidence exists regarding the characteristics of false-negative EGCs. Our aim was to reveal the clinical features of false-negative EGCs. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed cases of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for EGCs in Fukuchiyama City Hospital between January 2013 and May 2019. False-negative EGCs were defined as EGCs within 3 years of negative endoscopy. We evaluated the clinical characteristics of false-negative and initially detected EGCs and the difference in the detected and last missed endoscopy in false-negative EGCs. The miss rates of false-negative EGCs were compared between trainees (nonboard-certified endoscopists) and experienced endoscopists (board-certified endoscopists); thereafter, the characteristics of false-negative EGCs missed by trainees were investigated. Results. Of 219 cases, 119 were classified as false-negative EGCs. False-negative EGCs were characterized as smaller lesions, which presented with normal color or gastritis-like appearance, and were diagnosed after ESD and H. pylori eradication ( P < 0.01 ). The rate of trainees in the last missed endoscopy was significantly higher than that in the detected endoscopy. The miss rate of false-negative EGC by trainees was higher than that of experienced endoscopists but not significantly different (0.70% vs. 0.57%, P = 0.08 ). The false-negative EGCs missed by trainees were characterized as reddish or well-differentiated lesions, which were located in the lower or lesser curvature of the stomach ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusion. The characteristics of false-negative EGCs were similar to those of H. pylori-eradicated EGC. Procedures with shortened examination time and those performed by trainees were risk factors of missing false-negative EGCs. Trainees should pay attention to reddish or well-differentiated EGCs located in the lower or lesser curvature of the stomach.

Endoscopy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Yohei Ikenoyama ◽  
Toshiyuki Yoshio ◽  
Junki Tokura ◽  
Sakiko Naito ◽  
Ken Namikawa ◽  

Abstract Background It is known that an esophagus with multiple Lugol-voiding lesions (LVLs) after iodine staining is high risk for esophageal cancer; however, it is preferable to identify high-risk cases without staining because iodine causes discomfort and prolongs examination times. This study assessed the capability of an artificial intelligence (AI) system to predict multiple LVLs from images that had not been stained with iodine as well as patients at high risk for esophageal cancer. Methods We constructed the AI system by preparing a training set of 6634 images from white-light and narrow-band imaging in 595 patients before they underwent endoscopic examination with iodine staining. Diagnostic performance was evaluated on an independent validation dataset (667 images from 72 patients) and compared with that of 10 experienced endoscopists. Results The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the AI system to predict multiple LVLs were 84.4 %, 70.0 %, and 76.4 %, respectively, compared with 46.9 %, 77.5 %, and 63.9 %, respectively, for the endoscopists. The AI system had significantly higher sensitivity than 9/10 experienced endoscopists. We also identified six endoscopic findings that were significantly more frequent in patients with multiple LVLs; however, the AI system had greater sensitivity than these findings for the prediction of multiple LVLs. Moreover, patients with AI-predicted multiple LVLs had significantly more cancers in the esophagus and head and neck than patients without predicted multiple LVLs. Conclusion The AI system could predict multiple LVLs with high sensitivity from images without iodine staining. The system could enable endoscopists to apply iodine staining more judiciously.

2021 ◽  
Vol 09 (02) ◽  
pp. E171-E180
Alexander P. Mamunes ◽  
Federico Campisano ◽  
James Martin ◽  
Bruno Scaglioni ◽  
Evangelos Mazomenos ◽  

Abstract Background and study aims Colonoscopy is a technically challenging procedure that requires extensive training to minimize discomfort and avoid trauma due to its drive mechanism. Our academic team developed a magnetic flexible endoscope (MFE) actuated by magnetic coupling under supervisory robotic control to enable a front-pull maneuvering mechanism, with a motion controller user interface, to minimize colon wall stress and potentially reduce the learning curve. We aimed to evaluate this learning curve and understand the user experience. Methods Five novices (no endoscopy experience), five experienced endoscopists, and five experienced MFE users each performed 40 trials on a model colon using 1:1 block randomization between a pediatric colonoscope (PCF) and the MFE. Cecal intubation (CI) success, time to cecum, and user experience (NASA task load index) were measured. Learning curves were determined by the number of trials needed to reach minimum and average proficiency—defined as the slowest average CI time by an experienced user and the average CI time by all experienced users, respectively. Results MFE minimum proficiency was achieved by all five novices (median 3.92 trials) and five experienced endoscopists (median 2.65 trials). MFE average proficiency was achieved by four novices (median 14.21 trials) and four experienced endoscopists (median 7.00 trials). PCF minimum and average proficiency levels were achieved by only one novice. Novices’ perceived workload with the MFE significantly improved after obtaining minimum proficiency. Conclusions The MFE has a short learning curve for users with no prior experience—requiring relatively few attempts to reach proficiency and at a reduced perceived workload.

2019 ◽  
Vol 29 (Supplement_4) ◽  
M Laanani ◽  
A Weill ◽  
P O Blotière ◽  
J Pouchot ◽  
F Carbonnel ◽  

Abstract Background More than one million colonoscopies are performed every year in France. They are associated with risks of mechanical and systemic serious adverse events (SAEs) which can be associated with patient, procedure, endoscopist, and facility characteristics. We tried to identify the factors associated with colonic perforation, gastrointestinal bleeding, splenic injury, shock, myocardial infarction, stroke, pulmonary embolism, acute renal failure, and urolithiasis after colonoscopy. Methods We analysed data from the French national claims databases (SNDS). A total of 4,088,799 patients, 30 years or older, undergoing a first screening or diagnostic colonoscopy between 2010 and 2015 were identified. SAE rates were estimated, and risk factors associated with SAEs were identified using multilevel logistic regression models, adjusted for patient, colonoscopy, endoscopist, and facility characteristics. Results Increasing age was associated with an increasing incidence of mechanical and systemic SAEs. Cancer and cardiovascular comorbidities were associated with mechanical SAEs, and a higher number of pre-existing conditions was associated with shock and acute renal failure. Polypectomy, especially of polyps larger than 1 cm, was associated with an increased risk of perforation (OR = 4.1; 95% CI, 3.4-5.0) and bleeding (OR = 13.3; 95% CI, 11.7-15.1). Mechanical SAEs were associated with the endoscopist’s experience, while systemic SAEs were more frequent in public hospitals than in private clinics. Conclusions SAEs related to colonoscopy were more frequent in older patients and in those with comorbidities. Mechanical SAEs were more frequent when colonoscopy was performed by less experienced endoscopists. Systemic SAEs were more frequent in public hospitals, reflecting patient selection processes. The risk of both mechanical and systemic SAEs should be taken into account when deciding to perform colonoscopy, particularly in older patients with multiple pre-existing conditions. Key messages Systemic SAEs are not uncommon after colonoscopy and, together with intestinal SAEs, should be considered when considering the need for colonoscopy. Patients at risk of SAEs should be identified and colonoscopy should be performed by experienced endoscopists in these patients. Less invasive alternatives should also be considered in these patients.

Gut ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 69 (5) ◽  
pp. 799-800 ◽  
Cesare Hassan ◽  
Michael B Wallace ◽  
Prateek Sharma ◽  
Roberta Maselli ◽  
Vincenzo Craviotto ◽  

2019 ◽  
Vol 89 (6) ◽  
pp. AB53-AB54
Ronak V. Patel ◽  
Jeffrey H. Barsuk ◽  
Elaine R. Cohen ◽  
Sachin B. Wani ◽  
Amit Rastogi ◽  

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document