mass transport
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 248 ◽  
pp. 117145
Laura L. Trinkies ◽  
Andrea Düll ◽  
Jinju Zhang ◽  
Sebastian Urban ◽  
Benedikt J. Deschner ◽  

2022 ◽  
A. A. Folgueiras-Amador ◽  
J. W. Hodgson ◽  
R. C. D. Brown

Organic electrosynthesis in flow reactors is an area of increasing interest, with efficient mass transport and high electrode area to reactor volume present in many flow electrolysis cell designs facilitating higher rates of production with high selectivity. The controlled reaction environment available in flow cells also offers opportunities to develop new electrochemical processes. In this chapter, various types of electrochemical flow cells are reviewed in the context of laboratory synthesis, paying particular attention to how the different reactor environments impact upon the electrochemical processes, and the factors responsible for good cell performance. Coverage includes well-established plane-parallel-plate designs, reactors with small interelectrode gaps, extended-channel electrolysis cells, and highly sophisticated designs with rapidly rotating electrodes to enhance mass transport. In each case, illustrative electrosyntheses are presented.

2022 ◽  
pp. 331-374
David A. Rubenstein ◽  
Wei Yin ◽  
Mary D. Frame

Blas P. Uberuaga ◽  
Pauline Simonnin ◽  
Kevin M. Rosso ◽  
Daniel K. Schreiber ◽  
Mark Asta

AbstractMass transport along grain boundaries in alloys depends not only on the atomic structure of the boundary, but also its chemical make-up. In this work, we use molecular dynamics to examine the effect of Cr alloying on interstitial and vacancy-mediated transport at a variety of grain boundaries in Ni. We find that, in general, Cr tends to reduce the rate of mass transport, an effect which is greatest for interstitials at pure tilt boundaries. However, there are special scenarios in which it can greatly enhance atomic mobility. Cr tends to migrate faster than Ni, though again this depends on the structure of the grain boundary. Further, grain boundary mobility, which is sometimes pronounced for pure Ni grain boundaries, is eliminated on the time scales of our simulations when Cr is present. We conclude that the enhanced transport and grain boundary mobility often seen in this system in experimental studies is the result of non-equilibrium effects and is not intrinsic to the alloyed grain boundary. These results provide new insight into the role of grain boundary alloying on transport that can help in the interpretation of experimental results and the development of predictive models of materials evolution.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document