reinforced composite
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Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 666
Maciej Jedliński ◽  
Marta Mazur ◽  
Krzysztof Schmeidl ◽  
Katarzyna Grocholewicz ◽  
Roman Ardan ◽  

The aim of the study was to analyze retention protocols and materials for fixed retainers used by clinicians providing orthodontic treatment in Poland. The survey was carried out from February to April 2021. The questionnaire was designed using the Google Forms tool. After validation, the questionnaire was delivered to verified active orthodontists gathered in a closed social media group of 615 members. Finally, 104 answers were received. Answers to individual questions were provided in percentages and tabularized. A chi-squared test of proportion was used to compare: the proportion of clinicians using retainers of different characteristics and the proportions of clinicians indicating the superiority of a given clinical solution. Rectangular steel braided wire was rated as most reliable. However, doctors who declared to use gold chain were mostly solely using this type of wire. Multistranded round wire was rated the worst. Fiber-reinforced composite was mainly used in periodontal patients. The protocols used by Polish orthodontic practitioners relied on double long-term retention with regular follow-up. The most popular material was stainless steel braided rectangular wire bonded with a flowable composite. Most clinicians believed they could maintain the treatment results, but they declared that patients’ cooperation was a challenge.

D Srinivasan ◽  
Balasundaram R ◽  
Ravichandran M ◽  
Sakthi balan G ◽  
Vijay S ◽  

Abstract In medical fields, hydroxyapatite (HA) is used for restoring the human bones and teeth. Nowadays, newer bio composites are being developed to replace the broken or removed teeth in human using hydroxyapatite. The original teeth may be removed from human, due to various reasons such as tooth decay, periodontal disease and gum diseases. Due to the bioactivity property of HA, it helps the tooth to grow. In this work, tribological properties of HA powder reinforced composite are investigated. Three most important factors that affect the properties of the composites were chosen and varied during wear testing of the composites. The HA powder weight %, applied load (P) and sliding distance (SD) were varied on the basis of Taguchi’s experimental design. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and (Signal to Noise) SN ratio analysis was used to study the influence of each factor on the specific wear rate (SWR). It was concluded that the HA wt. % highly influences the SWR of the composite during pin on disc testing.

Kapil K. Sharma ◽  
Jitendra Kushwaha ◽  
Kapil Kumar ◽  
Harshit Singh ◽  
Yogesh Shrivastava

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