muscle aging
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2022 ◽  
Vol 89 ◽  
pp. 104948
Yuxiao Liao ◽  
Xiaolei Zhou ◽  
Zhao Peng ◽  
Dan Li ◽  
Zitong Meng ◽  

GeroScience ◽  
2022 ◽  
Tan Zhang ◽  
Xin Feng ◽  
Juan Dong ◽  
Zherong Xu ◽  
Bo Feng ◽  

FEBS Journal ◽  
2022 ◽  
Korin Sahinyan ◽  
Felicia Lazure ◽  
Darren M. Blackburn ◽  
Vahab D. Soleimani

F1000Research ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 ◽  
pp. 1259
Avijit Mallick ◽  
Bhagwati P. Gupta

The energy sensor AMP kinase (AMPK) and the master scaffolding protein, AXIN, are two major regulators of biological processes in metazoans. AXIN-dependent regulation of AMPK activation plays a crucial role in maintaining metabolic homeostasis during glucose-deprived and energy-stressed conditions. The two proteins are also required for muscle function. While studies have refined our knowledge of various cellular events that promote the formation of AXIN-AMPK complexes and the involvement of effector proteins, more work is needed to understand precisely how the pathway is regulated in response to various forms of stress. In this review, we discuss recent data on AXIN and AMPK interaction and its role in physiological changes leading to improved muscle health and an extension of lifespan. We argue that AXIN-AMPK signaling plays an essential role in maintaining muscle function and manipulating the pathway in a tissue-specific manner could delay muscle aging. Therefore, research on understanding the factors that regulate AXIN-AMPK signaling holds the potential for developing novel therapeutics to slow down or revert the age-associated decline in muscle function, thereby extending the healthspan of animals.

Bruna Spolador de Alencar Silva ◽  
Juliana Souza Uzeloto ◽  
Fábio Santos Lira ◽  
Telmo Pereira ◽  
Manuel J. Coelho-E-Silva ◽  

Aging is characterized by several progressive physiological changes, including changes in the circadian rhythm. Circadian rhythms influence behavior, physiology, and metabolic processes in order to maintain homeostasis; they also influence the function of endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and immune cells in the vessel wall. A clock misalignment could favor vascular damage and indirectly also affect skeletal muscle function. In this review, we focus on the dysregulation of circadian rhythm due to aging and its relationship with skeletal muscle changes and vascular health as possible risk factors for the development of sarcopenia, as well as the role of physical exercise as a potential modulator of these processes.

2021 ◽  
pp. 87-96
Anand Thirupathi ◽  
Ricardo A. Pinho ◽  
Yaodong Gu

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. 689-689
Ling Ruan ◽  
Mark Hamrick ◽  
Bharati Mendhe ◽  
Carlos Isales ◽  
William Hill ◽  

Abstract We have recently shown that increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in aging skeletal muscle are associated with increased expression of the senescence-associated microRNA miR-34a-5p (miR-34a). The histone deacetylase Sirt1 is a validated target of miR-34a, and miR-34a expression is induced by the tumor suppressor p53 which is itself stimulated by ROS. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to function as “sponges” for microRNAs, but the role of such competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNA) in muscle aging is not well understood. We therefore examined in skeletal muscles of young (4-6 mos) and aged (22-24) male and female mice the expression of several lncRNAs that are predicted to bind miR-34a-5p in silico and whose predicted binding has been validated experimentally. Results indicate a significant decrease in lncRNA MALAT1 expression with aging. MALAT1 is known to be highly expressed during the later stages of myoblast differentiation and myotube maturation. We therefore treated C2C12 cells at 48 hrs with hydrogen peroxide (10 uM) and examined changes in MALAT1 expression. MALAT1 was significantly decreased with H2O2 treatment, whereas miR-34a is increased in C2C12 cells after hydrogen peroxide exposure. Age-related muscle atrophy mediated by ROS may therefore result in part from related mechanisms involving miR-34a activity: an increase in miR-34a targeting Sirt1 resulting from p53 activation and an increase in miR-34a bioavailability resulting from a decline in miR-34a “sponging” due to ceRNA MALAT1 depletion. These findings suggest that therapeutic interventions increasing MALAT1 expression in muscle may potentially enhance the preservation of muscle mass with aging.

FEBS Open Bio ◽  
2021 ◽  
Naoko Nozawa ◽  
Marie Noguchi ◽  
Kanako Shinno ◽  
Maki Tajima ◽  
Shingo Aizawa ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (12) ◽  
Yun-Fei Yang ◽  
Wu Yang ◽  
Zhi-Yin Liao ◽  
Yong-Xin Wu ◽  
Zhen Fan ◽  

AbstractAge-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, termed sarcopenia, could impair the quality of life in the elderly. The mechanisms involved in skeletal muscle aging are intricate and largely unknown. However, more and more evidence demonstrated that mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis also play an important role in skeletal muscle aging. Recent studies have shown that mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU)-mediated mitochondrial calcium affects skeletal muscle mass and function by affecting mitochondrial function. During aging, we observed downregulated expression of mitochondrial calcium uptake family member3 (MICU3) in skeletal muscle, a regulator of MCU, which resulted in a significant reduction in mitochondrial calcium uptake. However, the role of MICU3 in skeletal muscle aging remains poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated the effect of MICU3 on the skeletal muscle of aged mice and senescent C2C12 cells induced by d-gal. Downregulation of MICU3 was associated with decreased myogenesis but increased oxidative stress and apoptosis. Reconstitution of MICU3 enhanced antioxidants, prevented the accumulation of mitochondrial ROS, decreased apoptosis, and increased myogenesis. These findings indicate that MICU3 might promote mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis and function, attenuate oxidative stress and apoptosis, and restore skeletal muscle mass and function. Therefore, MICU3 may be a potential therapeutic target in skeletal muscle aging.

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (22) ◽  
pp. 12133
Andrea Tapia ◽  
Martina Palomino-Schätzlein ◽  
Marta Roca ◽  
Agustín Lahoz ◽  
Antonio Pineda-Lucena ◽  

In a global aging population, it is important to understand the factors affecting systemic aging and lifespan. Mitohormesis, an adaptive response caused by different insults affecting the mitochondrial network, triggers a response from the nuclear genome inducing several pathways that promote longevity and metabolic health. Understanding the role of mitochondrial function during the aging process could help biomarker identification and the development of novel strategies for healthy aging. Herein, we interfered the muscle expression of the Drosophila genes Marf and Opa1, two genes that encode for proteins promoting mitochondrial fusion, orthologues of human MFN2 and OPA1. Silencing of Marf and Opa1 in muscle increases lifespan, improves locomotor capacities in the long term, and maintains muscular integrity. A metabolomic analysis revealed that muscle down-regulation of Marf and Opa1 promotes a non-autonomous systemic metabolome reorganization, mainly affecting metabolites involved in the energetic homeostasis: carbohydrates, lipids and aminoacids. Interestingly, the differences are consistently more evident in younger flies, implying that there may exist an anticipative adaptation mediating the protective changes at the older age. We demonstrate that mild mitochondrial muscle disturbance plays an important role in Drosophila fitness and reveals metabolic connections between tissues. This study opens new avenues to explore the link of mitochondrial dynamics and inter-organ communication, as well as their relationship with muscle-related pathologies, or in which muscle aging is a risk factor for their appearance. Our results suggest that early intervention in muscle may prevent sarcopenia and promote healthy aging.

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