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Marine Policy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 134 ◽  
pp. 104751
Author(s):  
Oscar Schouten Reid ◽  
Fabien Medvecky
Keyword(s):  

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 37-58 ◽  
Author(s):  
Maria Catena Mancuso ◽  
Valentina Signorelli

Since late 2016, NGOs operating in the Mediterranean have been at the centre of a campaign of delegitimization and criminalization culminating with former Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini’s 2018 NGO ban, which de facto erased the presence of humanitarian search and rescue operations and left the national coastguards to deal with an unprecedented migration crisis. Drawing upon discourse analysis of Italian and international news media articles and informed by semi-structured interviews with NGO representatives, this study investigates the implications of such media-driven public hostility. The results are threefold: first, the climate of suspicion surrounding NGOs has damaged them profoundly and led to a dramatic increase in deaths. Consequently, second, NGO’s ability to present themselves publicly as legitimate has been heavily limited. Last, it is fundamental to investigate the range of legitimation strategies all organizations can use when victims of a media-led scandal or a smear campaign are legitimized by political institutions.


2021 ◽  
pp. 175048132110177
Author(s):  
Innocent Chiluwa

This study analyses news reports of public reactions to the controversial legislators’ monthly/annual income in Nigeria in 2019, which was presumed to far exceed the salaries of legislators worldwide. Data for this study are news and opinion articles published between 2017 and 2019 that represent public response to the salary scandal involving public officers and National Assembly members. Critical discourse analysis is adopted in the analyses of media representations of the main actors in and situations of the scandal. Hence, discursive strategies identified in the resistance discourse of the news media are qualitatively analysed. The study argues that lack of accountability and widespread corruption in the Nigerian political economy is a reflection of weak political institutions, such as those that empower legislators to enrich themselves.


2021 ◽  
pp. 016344372110455
Author(s):  
Mark Nartey

In recent years, LGBT issues have received substantial media attention and engendered heated public debate in Ghana. This paper analyzes the prejudiced construction of LGBT issues in the Ghanaian news media and how this contributes to a discriminatory discourse that demeans LGBT people and puts them at the periphery of Ghanaian society. The study employs a critical discourse analysis framework and a dataset of 385 articles, comprising news reports, op-ed pieces, and editorials. The analysis reveals that news content on LGBT issues is biased and inflammatory, and it frames LGBT people as expendables and undesirables. This is realized by exploiting three discourses, or forms of othering, that culminate into the (re)production and naturalization of moral panic: a discourse of amorality/immorality and societal destruction, a discourse of alienization, and a discourse of medicalization or pathologization. The paper concludes with a call for a more balanced and ethically/socially responsible news reporting, especially since LGBT issues in Ghana hold implications for national cohesion and security.


2021 ◽  
pp. 016344372110409
Author(s):  
Caitlin McGrane ◽  
Larissa Hjorth ◽  
Yoko Akama

This paper takes a design anthropology approach to understanding the learnings, challenges and opportunities Victorians adopted to choreograph practices of care in and through media practice during and after the Australian 2019–2020 bushfire crisis. In doing so, we frame our inquiry from a perspective of how individuals and communities care through media practice. The study weaves together experiences around informal and formal crisis communication media – such as the government’s VicEmergency App, Australian and international news media and social media sharing – to map what we call the careful attunements of choreographing care.


2021 ◽  
pp. e20200021
Author(s):  
Rebecca Hume ◽  
Kevin Walby

In early 2019, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) intervened at the Gidimt’en Access Checkpoint in northern British Columbia (BC) and arrested 14 land defenders, garnering global media attention. To explore the ways that settler common sense ( Rifkin 2013 ) is assembled and perpetuated in Canada, this paper examines how Wet’suwet’en mobilization is framed in news media coverage. Situating our work in relation to settler colonial studies and informed by the writings of Indigenous scholars, we use critical discourse analysis to assess mainstream news media framings of the Wet’suwet’en struggle. Drawing from literature on social movement suppression, we discern three main themes in these texts that work to validate the RCMP’s excessive use of force against land defenders and delegitimize the Wet’suwet’en’s claim to sovereignty. While this framing set the stage for sustained corporate incursions, police surveillance, and occupation across unceded Wet’suwet’en territory, we suggest negative framing as well as activist use of social media to visualize state repression may have created the conditions for what Hess and Martin (2006) call backfire.


Author(s):  
Lynge Asbjørn Møller

This paper investigates the Scandinavian daily press’ efforts in and perspectives on algorithmic news recommendation. News recommender systems provide news organisations with new opportunities to offer more relevant and personalised news experiences, but their increasing use has also raised several concerns about whether and how algorithms should undertake important editorial decisions. Current literature offers only limited empirical insight into the actual use of these technologies in journalism, and this paper is the first to map the use of news recommender systems in the Scandinavian media system. Drawing on interviews with all 19 national newspapers within the Scandinavian daily press, the findings reveal that 17 newspapers use news recommender systems and 14 of these use personalisation. Most newspapers expressed positive attitudes toward the technologies, highlighting increased relevance and better opportunities to drive subscriptions. The extent of the use of news recommendation at the specific news media organisations is still limited due to concerns about algorithms interfering with journalistic priorities and a reluctance to jeopardise the brand value of the front page. Some newspapers address these concerns by allowing for editorial control through subjectively estimated journalistic input, revealing that journalistic norms and ideals affect the design and implementation of algorithms in journalism.


Author(s):  
Mathias Felipe De-Lima-Santos ◽  
Wilson Ceron

The political turmoil unleashed in recent years has influenced how people interact and organize themselves. Social media platforms played an important role in the organization of these movements that spilled across the globe. In a scenario of political turmoil, Brazil is suffering from an economic downturn and a lack of political leadership in recent years that made an unprecedented crisis. Influenced by these social dynamics of the platforms, three social movements emerged in this period, June Journeys, diesel crisis, and panelaço, and have influenced in traditional news media agenda. These movements represent evolving power dynamics in society, attempting to replace a dominant belief system that legitimizes the status quo by supporting collective action for change. This study, under the lens of sociology and social media theory, examines the evolution of these movements using data gathered from Google News API. Preliminary results indicate that there is a strong critique about some of these movements by traditional news media as they are challenging pre-existing power relationships. However, the promises to break from the constraints of traditional media and embrace novel forms of connection and community are yet limited. This study concludes with an agenda for future research.


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