Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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Published By Springer-Verlag

1720-8319, 1720-8319

Moniyka Sachar ◽  
Tom Bayer ◽  
Frank DeVone ◽  
Chris Halladay ◽  
Kevin McConeghy ◽  

Félix Bermejo-Pareja ◽  
Agustín Gómez de la Cámara ◽  
Teodoro del Ser ◽  
Israel Contador ◽  
Sara Llamas-Velasco ◽  

Aurélie Ladang ◽  
Stéphanie Kovacs ◽  
Laetitia Lengelé ◽  
Médéa Locquet ◽  
Jean-Yves Reginster ◽  

Abstract Background Neurofilament light chain (NF-L) concentration is recognized to be modified in neurological diseases and traumatic brain injuries, but studies in the normal aging population are lacking. It is, therefore, urgent to identify influencing factors of NF-L concentration in the aging population. Method We assessed NF-L concentration in sera of a large cohort of 409 community-dwelling adults aged over 65 years. We studied the association between NF-L and various physiological factors but also with self-reported comorbidities or life-style habits. Results We showed that NF-L concentration in serum was tightly associated with cystatin C concentration (r = 0.501, p < 0.0001) and consequently, to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (r = − 0.492; p < 0.0001). Additionally, NF-L concentration was dependent on age and body mass index (BMI) but not sex. Among the self-reported comorbidities, subjects who reported neurological disorders, cardiovascular diseases or history of fracture had higher NF-L concentration in univariate analysis, whereas it was only the case for subjects who reported neurological disorders in the multivariate analysis. NF-L concentration was also increased when Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was decreased (≤ 25 points) but not when geriatric depression score (GDS) was increased (> 5 points) in both univariate and multivariate analysis. Finally, we are providing reference ranges by age categories for subjects with or without altered renal function. Conclusion NF-L concentration in the aging population is not driven by the increasing number of comorbidities or depression. Yet, NF-L blood concentration is dependent on kidney function and NF-L interpretation in patients suffering from renal failure should be taken with caution.

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