scholarly journals Molecular characterization and differential expression of an aromatic heptaketide producing type III plant polyketide synthase from Himalayan rhubarb

Shahzad A. Pandith ◽  
Niha Dhar ◽  
Sumedha Bhosale ◽  
Vitthal T. Barvkar ◽  
Sumeer Razdan ◽  
2006 ◽  
Vol 2 (9) ◽  
pp. 494-502 ◽  
Michael B Austin ◽  
Tamao Saito ◽  
Marianne E Bowman ◽  
Stephen Haydock ◽  
Atsushi Kato ◽  

2020 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 753-762
Delong Kan ◽  
Di Zhao ◽  
Pengfei Duan

AbstractStudies have shown that abundant and various flavonoids accumulate in chili pepper (Capsicum), but there are few reports on the genes that govern chili pepper flavonoid biosynthesis. Here, we report the comprehensive identification of genes encoding type III polyketide synthase (PKS), an important enzyme catalyzing the generation of flavonoid backbones. In total, 13, 14 and 13 type III PKS genes were identified in each genome of C. annuum, C. chinense and C. baccatum, respectively. The phylogeny topology of Capsicum PKSs is similar to those in other plants, as it showed two classes of genes. Within each class, clades can be further identified. Class II genes likely encode chalcone synthase (CHS) as they are placed together with the Arabidopsis CHS gene, which experienced extensive expansions in the genomes of Capsicum. Interestingly, 8 of the 11 Class II genes form three clusters in the genome of C. annuum, which is likely the result of tandem duplication events. Four genes are not expressed in the tissues of C. annuum, three of which are located in the clusters, indicating that a portion of genes was pseudogenized after tandem duplications. Expression of two Class I genes was complementary to each other, and all the genes in Class II were not expressed in roots of C. annuum. Two Class II genes (CA00g90790 and CA05g17060) showed upregulated expression as the chili pepper leaves matured, and two Class II genes (CA05g17060 and CA12g20070) showed downregulated expression with the maturation of fruits, consistent with flavonoid accumulation trends in chili pepper as reported previously. The identified genes, sequences, phylogeny and expression information collected in this article lay the groundwork for future studies on the molecular mechanisms of chili pepper flavonoid metabolism.

Planta ◽  
2009 ◽  
Vol 229 (5) ◽  
pp. 1077-1086 ◽  
Lan-Qing Ma ◽  
Yan-Wu Guo ◽  
Dong-Yao Gao ◽  
Dong-Ming Ma ◽  
You-Nian Wang ◽  

Planta ◽  
2017 ◽  
Vol 247 (2) ◽  
pp. 527-541 ◽  
Li Li ◽  
Misbah Aslam ◽  
Fazle Rabbi ◽  
Mark C. Vanderwel ◽  
Neil W. Ashton ◽  

ChemBioChem ◽  
2011 ◽  
Vol 12 (14) ◽  
pp. 2166-2176 ◽  
Takayuki Hayashi ◽  
Yuta Kitamura ◽  
Nobutaka Funa ◽  
Yasuo Ohnishi ◽  
Sueharu Horinouchi

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