scholarly journals Ingestion of hemozoin by peripheral blood mononuclear cells alters temporal gene expression of ubiquitination processes

2022 ◽  
Vol 29 ◽  
pp. 101207
Samuel B. Anyona ◽  
Qiuying Cheng ◽  
Evans Raballah ◽  
Ivy Hurwitz ◽  
Christophe G. Lambert ◽  
Nutrients ◽  
2018 ◽  
Vol 10 (11) ◽  
pp. 1773 ◽  
Michela Alfarano ◽  
Donato Pastore ◽  
Vincenzo Fogliano ◽  
Casper Schalkwijk ◽  
Teresa Oliviero

Studies demonstrate that the potential health-beneficial effect of sulforaphane (SR), a compound formed in broccoli, is the result of a number of mechanisms including upregulation of phase two detoxification enzymes. Recent studies suggest that SR increases expression/activity of glyoxalase 1 (Glo1), an enzyme involved in the degradation of methylglyoxal, is major precursor of advanced glycation end products. Those compounds are associated with diabetes complications and other age-related diseases. In this study, the effect of SR on the expression/activity of Glo1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 8 healthy volunteers was investigated. PBMCs were isolated and incubated with SR (2.5 μM-concentration achievable by consuming a broccoli portion) for 24 h and 48 h. Glo1 activity/expression, reduced glutathione (GSH), and glutathione-S-transferase gene expression were measured. Glo1 activity was not affected while after 48 h a slight but significant increase of its gene expression (1.03-fold) was observed. GSTP1 expression slightly increased after 24 h incubation (1.08-fold) while the expressions of isoform GSTT2 and GSTM2 were below the limit of detection. GSH sharply decreased, suggesting the formation of GSH-SR adducts that may have an impact SR availability. Those results suggest that a regular exposure to SR by broccoli consumption or SR supplements may enhance Glo1.

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