scholarly journals Osteoinductive activity of bisdemethoxycurcumin and its synergistic protective effect with human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells against ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis mouse model

2022 ◽  
Vol 146 ◽  
pp. 112605
Jin-Xing Wei ◽  
Yi Luo ◽  
Yan Xu ◽  
Jian-Hui Xiao
2021 ◽  
Vol 30 ◽  
pp. 096368972110241
Yasunori Yoshida ◽  
Toshinori Takagi ◽  
Yoji Kuramoto ◽  
Kotaro Tatebayashi ◽  
Manabu Shirakawa ◽  

Neuro-inflammation plays a key role in the pathophysiology of brain infarction. Cell therapy offers a novel therapeutic option due to its effect on immunomodulatory effects. Amniotic stem cells, in particular, show promise owing to their low immunogenicity, tumorigenicity, and easy availability from amniotic membranes discarded following birth. We have successfully isolated and expanded human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs). Herein, we evaluated the therapeutic effect of hAMSCs on neurological deficits after brain infarction as well as their immunomodulatory effects in a mouse model in order to understand their mechanisms of action. One day after permanent occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO), hAMSCs were intravenously administered. RT-qPCR for TNFα, iNOS, MMP2, and MMP9, immunofluorescence staining for iNOS and CD11b/c, and a TUNEL assay were performed 8 days following MCAO. An Evans Blue assay and behavioral tests were performed 2 days and several months following MCAO, respectively. The results suggest that the neurological deficits caused by cerebral infarction are improved in dose-dependent manner by the administration of hAMSCs. The mechanism appears to be through a reduction in disruption of the blood brain barrier and apoptosis in the peri-infarct region through the suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the M2-to-M1 phenotype shift.

2021 ◽  
Ya Gao ◽  
Wei-Ru Li ◽  
Xiao-Yin Bu ◽  
Ying Xu ◽  
Sheng-Chun Cai ◽  

Abstract Background: Acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) remains a leading cause of transplant-related mortality following allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation(allo-HCT). Although previous studies indicated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may be a salvage therapeutic agent for aGVHD, the mechanism is not yet fully clear. Human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) is a novel MSCs, compared with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, it has the advantage of being non-invasive, and also has stronger proliferation ability than that of BM-MSCs and equivalent immune regulation ability as BM-MSCs. The aim of this study was to explore the therapeutic efficacy and underlying mechanisms of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells transplantation for the humanized aGVHD mouse model.Methods: We established a humanized aGVHD mouse model by transplanting human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) into NOD-PrkdcscidIL2rγnull (NPG) mice, hAMSCs collected from discarded placenta of healthy pregnant women after delivery. Mice were divided into control group (untreated), aGVHD group, and hAMSCs treatment group, the hAMSCs labeled with GFP were administered to aGVHD mice to explore the homing ability of hAMSCs. T effector and Treg cell levels and cytokines of each group in target organs were detected by flow cytometry and cytometric bead array (CBA) respectively.Results: We successfully established a humanized aGVHD mouse model using NPG mice. The hAMSCs have the ability to inhibit aGVHD in this mouse model through reduced villous blunting and lymphocyte infiltration into the lamina propria of the gut while reducing vascular endothelialitis and lymphocyte infiltration into the parenchyma of the liver and lung. hAMSCs suppressed xenogenesis CD3+CD4+ T and CD3+CD8+ T cell expression and increased the proportion of Treg cells, and besides, hAMSCs can reduce the levels of IL-17A, INF-γ, TNF, and IL-2 in aGVHD target organs.Conclusions: The NPG murine environment was capable of activating human T cells to produce aGVHD pathology to mimic aGVHD as in humans. The hAMSCs controlled aGVHD by decreasing inflammatory cytokine secretion within target organs by modulating the balance of Treg and T effector cells in humanized mice.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Jiafeng Lu ◽  
Zhenxing Liu ◽  
Mingkai Shu ◽  
Liya Zhang ◽  
Wenjuan Xia ◽  

Abstract Background The side effects of busulfan on male reproduction are serious, so fertility preservation in children undergoing busulfan treatment is a major worldwide concern. Human placental mesenchymal stem cells (hPMSCs) have advantages such as stable proliferation and lower immunogenicity that make them an ideal material for stimulating tissue repair, especially restoring spermatogenesis. The protective effects of hPMSCs in busulfan-induced Sertoli cells and in busulfan-treated mouse testes have not been determined. Our study aimed to elaborate the protective effect and potential mechanisms of hPMSCs in busulfan-treated testes and Sertoli cells. Methods First, we developed a mouse model of busulfan-induced testicular toxicity in vivo and a mouse Sertoli cell line treated with busulfan in vitro to assess the protective effect and mechanisms of hPMSC treatment on spermatogenesis. Then, the length, width, and weight of the testes were monitored using Vernier calipers. Furthermore, at 1 week and 4 weeks after the transplantation of hPMSCs, histological sections of testes were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, and the seminiferous tubules with fluid-filled cavities were counted. Through ELISA analysis, testosterone levels and MDA, SOD, LDH, and CAT activities, which are associated with ROS, were detected. Markers of ROS, proliferation (Ki67), and apoptosis (Annexin V) were evaluated by FACS. Next, the fluorescence intensity of proliferation markers (BrdU and SCP3), an antioxidant marker (SIRT1), a spermatogenesis marker (PLZF), and autophagy-related genes (P62 and LC3AB) were detected by fluorescence microscopy. The mRNA expression of γ-H2AX, BRCA1, PARP1, PCNA, Ki67, P62, and LC3 was determined by qRT-PCR. Results hPMSCs restored disrupted spermatogenesis, promoted improved semen parameters, and increased testosterone levels, testis size, and autophagy in the testis toxicity mouse model induced by busulfan. hPMSCs suppressed the apoptosis of Sertoli cells and enhanced their rate of proliferation in vitro. Additionally, hPMSCs protected against oxidative stress and decreased oxidative damage in the testis toxicity mouse model induced by busulfan. Furthermore, hPMSCs increased the expression of proliferation genes (PCNA and KI67) and decreased the mRNA levels of apoptotic genes such as γ-H2AX, BRCA1, and PARP1. Conclusions This research showed that hPMSC injection ameliorated busulfan-induced damage in the testis by reducing apoptosis/oxidative stress and promoting autophagy. The present study offers an idea for a new method for clinical treatment of chemotherapy-induced spermatogenesis.

Jiawei Zhao ◽  
Yue Li ◽  
Rongrong Jia ◽  
Jinghui Wang ◽  
Min Shi ◽  

Exosomes (Exos) are nanosized vesicles (around 100 nm) that recently serve as a promising drug carrier with high biocompatibility and low immunogenicity. Previous studies showed that Exos secreted from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) provide protection for concanavalin A (Con A)-induced liver injury. In this study, the protective effect of Exos is confirmed, and dexamethasone (DEX)-incorporated Exos named Exo@DEX are prepared. It is then investigated whether Exo@DEX can function more efficiently compared to free drugs and naive Exos in a Con A-induced autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) mouse model. The results show that Exo@DEX efficiently improves the accumulation of DEX in AIH in the liver. These data suggest that Exo@DEX is a promising drug carrier for AIH and could have applications in other diseases.

2014 ◽  
Vol 357 (3) ◽  
pp. 571-582 ◽  
Haitao Sun ◽  
Zongliu Hou ◽  
Huaqiang Yang ◽  
Mingyao Meng ◽  
Peng Li ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Ameneh Jafari ◽  
Mostafa Rezaei-Tavirani ◽  
Behrouz Farhadihosseinabadi ◽  
Hakimeh Zali ◽  
Hassan Niknejad

AbstractCancer is a leading cause of death in both developed and developing countries, and because of population growth and aging, it is a growing medical burden worldwide. With robust development in medicine, the use of stem cells has opened new treatment modalities in cancer therapy. In adult stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are showing rising promise in cancer treatment due to their unique properties. Among different sources of MSCs, human amniotic fluid/membrane is an attractive and suitable reservoir. There are conflicting opinions about the role of human amniotic membrane/fluid mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCS/hAFMSCs) in cancer, as some studies demonstrating the anticancer effects of these cells and others suggesting their progressive effects on cancer. This review focuses on recent findings about the role of hAMSCs/hAFMSCs in cancer treatment and summarizes the suppressing as well as promoting effects of these cells on cancer progression and underling mechanisms.

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