scholarly journals Whole genome sequencing of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolated from humans and poultry in Burkina Faso

2018 ◽  
Vol 46 (1) ◽  
Assèta Kagambèga ◽  
Taru Lienemann ◽  
Jonathan G. Frye ◽  
Nicolas Barro ◽  
Kaisa Haukka
2015 ◽  
Vol 54 (1) ◽  
pp. 190-193 ◽  
David C. Alexander ◽  
Stephen F. Fitzgerald ◽  
Rachel DePaulo ◽  
Rosanne Kitzul ◽  
Dawn Daku ◽  

Despite advances in laboratory design, professional training, and workplace biosafety guidelines, laboratory-acquired infections continue to occur. Effective tools are required to investigate cases and prevent future illness. Here, we demonstrate the value of whole-genome sequencing as a tool for the identification and source attribution of laboratory-acquired salmonellosis.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 14 (7) ◽  
pp. e0219795 ◽  
Redmar R. van den Berg ◽  
Serge Dissel ◽  
Michel L. B. A. Rapallini ◽  
Coen C. van der Weijden ◽  
Ben Wit ◽  

2018 ◽  
Vol 6 (20) ◽  
Bridget Xie ◽  
Andrée Ann Dupras ◽  
Marc-Olivier Duceppe ◽  
Nooshin Fattahi-Ghazi ◽  
Lawrence Goodridge ◽  

ABSTRACT Pigeon-adapted strains of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium var. Copenhagen phage types 2 and 99 obtained from the provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Ontario, Canada, were analyzed using whole-genome sequencing. All isolates contained the Salmonella virulence plasmid despite the low pathogenicity of this lineage in their avian host.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (6) ◽  
pp. e0253312
Marguerite E. M. Nikiema ◽  
Maria Pardos de la Gandara ◽  
Kiswensida A. M. Compaore ◽  
Absétou Ky Ba ◽  
Karna D. Soro ◽  

Background Gastrointestinal infections are a global public health problem. In Burkina Faso, West Africa, exposure to Salmonella through the consumption of unhygienic street food represents a major risk of infection requiring detailed evaluation. Methods Between June 2017 and July 2018, we sampled 201 street food stalls, in 11 geographic sectors of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. We checked for Salmonella contamination in 201 sandwiches (one per seller), according to the ISO 6579:2002 standard. All Salmonella isolates were characterized by serotyping and antimicrobial susceptibility testing, and whole-genome sequencing was performed on a subset of isolates, to investigate their phylogenetic relationships and antimicrobial resistance determinants. Results The prevalence of Salmonella enterica was 17.9% (36/201) and the Salmonella isolates belonged to 16 different serotypes, the most frequent being Kentucky, Derby and Tennessee, with five isolates each. Six Salmonella isolates from serotypes Brancaster and Kentucky were multidrug-resistant (MDR). Whole-genome sequencing revealed that four of these MDR isolates belonged to the emergent S. enterica serotype Kentucky clone ST198-X1 and to an invasive lineage of S. enterica serotype Enteritidis (West African clade). Conclusion This study reveals a high prevalence of Salmonella spp. in sandwiches sold in Ouagadougou. The presence of MDR Salmonella in food on sale detected in this study is also matter of concern.

mBio ◽  
2018 ◽  
Vol 9 (5) ◽  
Alison E. Mather ◽  
Tu Le Thi Phuong ◽  
Yunfeng Gao ◽  
Simon Clare ◽  
Subhankar Mukhopadhyay ◽  

ABSTRACT Nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS), particularly Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, is among the leading etiologic agents of bacterial enterocolitis globally and a well-characterized cause of invasive disease (iNTS) in sub-Saharan Africa. In contrast, S. Typhimurium is poorly defined in Southeast Asia, a known hot spot for zoonotic disease with a recently described burden of iNTS disease. Here, we aimed to add insight into the epidemiology and potential impact of zoonotic transfer and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in S. Typhimurium associated with iNTS and enterocolitis in Vietnam. We performed whole-genome sequencing and phylogenetic reconstruction on 85 human (enterocolitis, carriage, and iNTS) and 113 animal S. Typhimurium isolates isolated in Vietnam. We found limited evidence for the zoonotic transmission of S. Typhimurium. However, we describe a chain of events where a pandemic monophasic variant of S. Typhimurium (serovar I:4,[5],12:i:− sequence type 34 [ST34]) has been introduced into Vietnam, reacquired a phase 2 flagellum, and acquired an IncHI2 multidrug-resistant plasmid. Notably, these novel biphasic ST34 S. Typhimurium variants were significantly associated with iNTS in Vietnamese HIV-infected patients. Our study represents the first characterization of novel iNTS organisms isolated outside sub-Saharan Africa and outlines a new pathway for the emergence of alternative Salmonella variants into susceptible human populations. IMPORTANCE Salmonella Typhimurium is a major diarrheal pathogen and associated with invasive nontyphoid Salmonella (iNTS) disease in vulnerable populations. We present the first characterization of iNTS organisms in Southeast Asia and describe a different evolutionary trajectory from that of organisms causing iNTS in sub-Saharan Africa. In Vietnam, the globally distributed monophasic variant of Salmonella Typhimurium, the serovar I:4,[5],12:i:− ST34 clone, has reacquired a phase 2 flagellum and gained a multidrug-resistant plasmid to become associated with iNTS disease in HIV-infected patients. We document distinct communities of S. Typhimurium and I:4,[5],12:i:− in animals and humans in Vietnam, despite the greater mixing of these host populations here. These data highlight the importance of whole-genome sequencing surveillance in a One Health context in understanding the evolution and spread of resistant bacterial infections.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (10) ◽  
pp. 2046
I-Chen Li ◽  
Rayean Wu ◽  
Chung-Wen Hu ◽  
Keh-Ming Wu ◽  
Zeng-Weng Chen ◽  

Over the last decade, Salmonella enterica serovar Schwarzengrund has become more prevalent in Asia, Europe, and the US with the simultaneous emergence of multidrug-resistant isolates. As these pathogens are responsible for many sporadic illnesses and chronic complications, as well as outbreaks over many countries, improved surveillance is urgently needed. For 20 years, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) has been the gold standard for determining bacterial relatedness by targeting genome-wide restriction enzyme polymorphisms. Despite its utility, recent studies have reported that PFGE results correlate poorly with that of closely related outbreak strains and clonally dominant endemic strains. Due to these concerns, alternative amplification-based molecular methods for bacterial strain typing have been developed, including clustered regular interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Furthermore, as the cost of sequencing continues to decrease, whole genome sequencing (WGS) is poised to replace other molecular strain typing methods. In this study, we assessed the discriminatory power of PFGE, CRISPR, MLST, and WGS methods to differentiate between 23 epidemiologically unrelated S. enterica serovar Schwarzengrund isolates collected over an 18-year period from distinct locations in Taiwan. The discriminatory index (DI) of each method for different isolates was calculated, resulting in values between 0 (not discriminatory) and 1 (highly discriminatory). Our results showed that WGS has the greatest resolution (DI = 0.982) compared to PFGE (DI = 0.938), CRISPR (DI = 0.906), and MLST (DI = 0.463) methods. In conclusion, the WGS typing approach was shown to be the most sensitive for S. enterica serovar Schwarzengrund fingerprinting.

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