scholarly journals Application and Progress of Raman Spectroscopy in Male Reproductive System

Feng Zhang ◽  
Yiling Tan ◽  
Jinli Ding ◽  
Dishuang Cao ◽  
Yanan Gong ◽  

Raman spectroscopy is a fast-developing, unmarked, non-invasive, non-destructive technique which allows for real-time scanning and sampling of biological samples in situ, reflecting the subtle biochemical composition alterations of tissues and cells through the variations of spectra. It has great potential to identify pathological tissue and provide intraoperative assistance in clinic. Raman spectroscopy has made many exciting achievements in the study of male reproductive system. In this review, we summarized literatures about the application and progress of Raman spectroscopy in male reproductive system from PubMed and Ovid databases, using MeSH terms associated to Raman spectroscopy, prostate, testis, seminal plasma and sperm. The existing challenges and development opportunities were also discussed and prospected.

2000 ◽  
Vol 68 (7) ◽  
pp. 4297-4302 ◽  
Johan Malm ◽  
Ole Sørensen ◽  
Terese Persson ◽  
Margareta Frohm-Nilsson ◽  
Bengt Johansson ◽  

ABSTRACT Innate immunity is important for the integrity of the host against potentially invasive pathogenic microorganisms in the environment. Antibiotic peptides with broad antimicrobial activity are part of the innate immune system. We investigated the presence of the cathelicidin, human cationic antimicrobial protein (hCAP-18), in the male reproductive system. We found strong expression of the hCAP-18 gene by in situ hybridization and hCAP-18 protein, as detected by immunohistochemistry, in the epithelium of the epididymis, but not in the testis. The highest expression in the epididymis was in the caudal part. Western blotting showed a doublet band, the upper part corresponding to the size of hCAP-18 in plasma and neutrophils. Using a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), levels of 86.5 ± 37.8 μg/ml (mean ± standard deviation; range, 41.8 to 142.8 μg/ml; n = 10) were detected in seminal plasma from healthy donors, which is 70-fold higher than the level in blood plasma. Flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry revealed the presence of hCAP-18 on spermatozoa. ELISA measurement showed levels of 196 ng/106 spermatozoa, corresponding to 6.6 × 106 molecules of hCAP-18 per spermatozoon. Our results suggest a key role for hCAP-18 in the antibacterial integrity of the male reproductive system. The attachment of hCAP-18 to spermatozoa may implicate a role for hCAP-18 in conception.

2020 ◽  
Vol 51 (10) ◽  
pp. 2016-2021
Alessandra Botteon ◽  
Chiara Colombo ◽  
Marco Realini ◽  
Chiara Castiglioni ◽  
Anna Piccirillo ◽  

2007 ◽  
Vol 15 (6) ◽  
pp. 6-11 ◽  
S.V. Prikhodko ◽  
C. Fischer ◽  
R. Boytner ◽  
M. C. Lozada ◽  
M. Uribe ◽  

Variable pressure scanning electron microscopy (VPSEM) coupled with other non-destructive analytical methods, such as energy dispersive (EDS) and Raman spectroscopy (RS) offers new capabilities for non-invasive imaging and chemical characterization of archaeological materials. This article underlines the application of VPSEM-EDS-RS on bioarchaeological specimens of pre-Columbian mummies from the Tarapacá Valley in northern Chile. The aim of the scientific investigations is to identify nonanatomical features and to provide qualitative and quantitative information at molecular levels, complementing the morphological record from studies in physical anthropology, in an effort to understand mortuary practices in the Tarapacá Valley and the effects of the burial environment in the preservation of mummified human remains.

2018 ◽  
Vol 15 (30) ◽  
pp. 344
Dalva Lucia Araujo Faria

As últimas décadas tem presenciado um crescente aumento no uso de métodos físico-químicos de análise de bens culturais. Algumas dessas técnicas tem se mostrado particularmente úteis pelo caráter não invasivo e não destrutivo que apresentam e, dentre elas, a espectroscopia Raman apresenta posição de destaque. Neste artigo, essas características da técnica são detalhadas, bem como são apresentados os fundamentos teóricos do espalhamento inelástico de luz e discutidos alguns aspectos práticos de sua utilização. Finalmente, é apresentado um levantamento detalhado dos grupos de pesquisa da América do Sul, voltados ao estudo de bens culturais, que tem se utilizado dessa ferramenta analítica e em qual tipo de questionamentos vem sendo aplicada. Abstract: The last decades have witnessed an ever growing increase in the usage of physico-chemical methods to investigate cultural heritage problems. Some of these techniques are proving to be particularly useful in such a context, due to their non-invasive and non-destructive nature; among them, Raman spectroscopy occupies a prominent position. In this paper, such characteristics of the technique are detailed and the physical basis of inelastic light scattering are presented, together with some practical aspects of its applications. Finally, it is here offered a detailed survey in the literature on the South American research groups devoted to the investigation of cultural heritage issues who are using Raman spectroscopy, and the type of interrogation carried on. 

2015 ◽  
Vol 51 (43) ◽  
pp. 8966-8969 ◽  
Jinsong Feng ◽  
César de la Fuente-Núñez ◽  
Michael J. Trimble ◽  
Jie Xu ◽  
Robert E. W. Hancock ◽  

Pseudomonas aeruginosabiofilm was cultivated and characterized in a microfluidic “lab-on-a-chip” platform coupled with confocal Raman microscopy in a non-destructive manner.

1998 ◽  
Vol 555 ◽  
S. S. Rosenblum ◽  
Kevin L. Davis ◽  
James M. Tedesco

AbstractWe report on Raman studies of diamond-like carbon (DLC) films; in particular, we report on the instrumentation and methodology required for comparing Raman measurements taken on different Raman analyzers. Raman spectroscopy has taken on an increasingly important role in materials processing because of its capability of performing non-destructive, in situ characterization of thin films. In particular, noncrystalline carbon coatings have become ubiquitous as protective layers on everything from machine tools to hard disk drives. As tolerances on coating properties begin to play an important part in determining device failure, Raman spectroscopy has found ever greater application as a quality control/quality assurance tool. However, use of Raman as an analytical tool has been hampered by the inability to quantitatively compare spectra obtained with different Raman analyzers. By using automated, robust calibration protocols on both the wavelength and intensity axes, we have demonstrated cross-instrument calibration transfer of DLC films.

Sensors ◽  
2018 ◽  
Vol 18 (8) ◽  
pp. 2434 ◽  
Federica Valentini ◽  
Andrea Calcaterra ◽  
Simonetta Antonaroli ◽  
Maurizio Talamo

This article reviews recent portable sensor technologies to apply in the Cultural Heritage (CH) fields. The review has been prepared in the form of a retrospective description of the sensor’s history and technological evolution, having: new nanomaterials for transducers, miniaturized, portable and integrated sensors, the wireless transmission of the analytical signals, ICT_Information Communication Technology and IoT_Internet of Things to apply to the cultural heritage field. In addition, a new trend of movable tattoo sensors devices is discussed, referred to in situ analysis, which is especially important when scientists are in the presence of un-movable and un-tangible Cultural Heritage and Art Work objects. The new proposed portable contact sensors (directly applied to art work objects and surfaces) are non-invasive and non-destructive to the different materials and surfaces of which cultural heritage is composed.

Sensors ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 20 (13) ◽  
pp. 3723 ◽  
Hacer Akpolat ◽  
Mark Barineau ◽  
Keith A. Jackson ◽  
Mehmet Z. Akpolat ◽  
David M. Francis ◽  

Our objective was to develop a rapid technique for the non-invasive profiling and quantification of major tomato carotenoids using handheld Raman spectroscopy combined with pattern recognition techniques. A total of 106 samples with varying carotenoid profiles were provided by the Ohio State University Tomato Breeding and Genetics program and Lipman Family Farms (Naples, FL, USA). Non-destructive measurement from the surface of tomatoes was performed by a handheld Raman spectrometer equipped with a 1064 nm excitation laser, and data analysis was performed using soft independent modelling of class analogy (SIMCA)), artificial neural network (ANN), and partial least squares regression (PLSR) for classification and quantification purposes. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and UV/visible spectrophotometry were used for profiling and quantification of major carotenoids. Seven groups were identified based on their carotenoid profile, and supervised classification by SIMCA and ANN clustered samples with 93% and 100% accuracy based on a validation test data, respectively. All-trans-lycopene and β-carotene levels were measured with a UV-visible spectrophotometer, and prediction models were developed using PLSR and ANN. Regression models developed with Raman spectra provided excellent prediction performance by ANN (rpre = 0.9, SEP = 1.1 mg/100 g) and PLSR (rpre = 0.87, SEP = 2.4 mg/100 g) for non-invasive determination of all-trans-lycopene in fruits. Although the number of samples were limited for β-carotene quantification, PLSR modeling showed promising results (rcv = 0.99, SECV = 0.28 mg/100 g). Non-destructive evaluation of tomato carotenoids can be useful for tomato breeders as a simple and rapid tool for developing new varieties with novel profiles and for separating orange varieties with distinct carotenoids (high in β-carotene and high in cis-lycopene).

2014 ◽  
Vol 11 (5) ◽  
pp. 278-288 ◽  
Andrei P. Drabovich ◽  
Punit Saraon ◽  
Keith Jarvi ◽  
Eleftherios P. Diamandis

D. Lauwers ◽  
Ph. Brondeel ◽  
L. Moens ◽  
P. Vandenabeele

Raman spectroscopy has grown to be one of the techniques of interest for the investigation of art objects. The approach has several advantageous properties, and the non-destructive character of the technique allowed it to be used for in situ investigations. However, compared with laboratory approaches, it would be useful to take advantage of the small spectral footprint of the technique, and use Raman spectroscopy to study the spatial distribution of different compounds. In this work, an in situ Raman mapping system is developed to be able to relate chemical information with its spatial distribution. Challenges for the development are discussed, including the need for stable positioning and proper data treatment. To avoid focusing problems, nineteenth century porcelain cards are used to test the system. This work focuses mainly on the post-processing of the large dataset which consists of four steps: (i) importing the data into the software; (ii) visualization of the dataset; (iii) extraction of the variables; and (iv) creation of a Raman image. It is shown that despite the challenging task of the development of the full in situ Raman mapping system, the first steps are very promising. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Raman spectroscopy in art and archaeology’.

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