biochemical composition
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 176 ◽  
pp. 114398
Yasin Dumani ◽  
Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Mortazavian ◽  
Ali Izadi-Darbandi ◽  
Hossien Ramshini ◽  
Fatemeh Amini

Feng Zhang ◽  
Yiling Tan ◽  
Jinli Ding ◽  
Dishuang Cao ◽  
Yanan Gong ◽  

Raman spectroscopy is a fast-developing, unmarked, non-invasive, non-destructive technique which allows for real-time scanning and sampling of biological samples in situ, reflecting the subtle biochemical composition alterations of tissues and cells through the variations of spectra. It has great potential to identify pathological tissue and provide intraoperative assistance in clinic. Raman spectroscopy has made many exciting achievements in the study of male reproductive system. In this review, we summarized literatures about the application and progress of Raman spectroscopy in male reproductive system from PubMed and Ovid databases, using MeSH terms associated to Raman spectroscopy, prostate, testis, seminal plasma and sperm. The existing challenges and development opportunities were also discussed and prospected.

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 422
Min Su ◽  
Marta Dell’Orto ◽  
Barbara Scaglia ◽  
Giuliana D’Imporzano ◽  
Alessia Bani ◽  

This paper demonstrated the growth ability of twelve algae-microbial consortia (AC) isolated from organic wastes when a pig slurry-derived wastewater (NFP) was used as growth substrate in autotrophic cultivation. Nutrient recovery, biochemical composition, fatty acid and amino acid profiles of algae consortia were evaluated and compared. Three algae-microbial consortia, i.e., a Chlorella-dominated consortium (AC_1), a Tetradesmus and Synechocystis co-dominated consortium (AC_10), and a Chlorella and Tetradesmus co-dominated consortium (AC_12) were found to have the best growth rates (µ of 0.55 ± 0.04, 0.52 ± 0.06, and 0.58 ± 0.03 d−1, respectively), which made them good candidates for further applications. The ACs showed high carbohydrates and lipid contents but low contents of both proteins and essential amino acids, probably because of the low N concentration of NFP. AC_1 and AC_12 showed optimal ω6:ω3 ratios of 3.1 and 3.6, which make them interesting from a nutritional point of view.

Carla Botelho Machado ◽  
Gina-Marie Maddix ◽  
Patrice Francis ◽  
Shanna-Lee Thomas ◽  
Jodi-Ann Burton ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 82 ◽  
H. O. Ahmed ◽  
A. Mahdy ◽  
S. A. M. Nasser ◽  
K. F. Abd El-Wakeil ◽  
A. H. Obuid-Allah ◽  

Abstract In the present study, the biochemical composition of some Echinodermata (Holothuroidea, Echinoidea) from the Red Sea, Egypt was investigated. The results showed that the highest percentage of saturated fatty acids (SFA) was in Holothuria nobilis and the lowest percentage was recorded in Holothuria scabra. The highest percentage of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) was recorded in Pearsonothuria graeffei while the lowest percentage was recorded in Holothuria atra. The highest percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) was recorded in Holothuria nobilis and the lowest percentage was recorded in Holothuria atra. The highest percentage of omega-3 fatty acids was recorded in Stichopus hermanni however, the lowest percentage was recorded in Diadema setosum. The highest percentage of omega-6 fatty acids was recorded in Bohadschia vitiensis where, the lowest percentage was recorded in Holothuria atra. In addition, nonessential amino acid (NEAA) glycine were the highest in all species and serine was the lowest while Essential amino acid (EAA) arginine was the highest and cysteine was the lowest. All of the NEAA recorded highest concentrations in S. hermanni except proline. The recorded essential amino acids were histidine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, and leucine. The latter was high in Pearsonothuria graeffei. Tyrosine, valine, threonine, and arginine were high in Stichopus hermanni. The present study proved that sea cucumbers has great nutritional value.

V. O. Prykhodko ◽  
S. M. Hromovyi ◽  
N. M. Svidelska ◽  
O. P. Bashkatova

- Purpose. Determine the biochemical composition of buckwheat as affected by varietal characteristics. Methods. Humidity was determined by thermogravimetric method, protein content by the Kjeldahl method, carbohydrate content by sugar meter, ash content by burning in a muffle furnace, fat content by low-fat residue, vitamin content by liquid chromatography. Results. The biochemical composition of buckwheat grain varied significantly depending on the variety. Studies have shown that at a moisture content of 11.0–12.6%, the content of fiber, organic acids, ash, mono- and disaccharides and fat was the lowest. Thus, their content over varieties was 0.5–2.5%, 1.7–2.4, 1.5–2.5, 1.6–2.5 and 2.0–3.2%, respectively. Of the 17 varieties of buckwheat, only 4 had a significantly lower protein content (13.2–14.0%) compared to the standard variety ‘Ukrainka’. In other varieties, this figure varied from 16.3 to 18.5% or more, that is by 9–23% compared to the control. Buckwheat had the highest starch content of 57.2–62.0% depending on the variety. It should be noted that no significant difference was found between tall and dwarf varieties. Thus, the protein content in grain obtained from dwarf varieties varied from 16.5 to 17.2% while in tall ones from 13.2 to 18.5%. The content of vitamins in grain also varied depending on the variety from which it was obtained. The content of vitamin K was the lowest, 0.005–0.007 mg/100 g, the content of vitamins B2, B1, B5 and B6 varied from 0.12 to 0.42 mg/100 g of grain. The content of vitamin E and B3 was higher, 3.00–6.56 mg/100 g of grain, depending on the variety. The highest content of B4 was 50.0–54.3 mg/100 g of grain. It should be noted that the share of vitamin K in the total amount was the lowest (0.01%), the share of vitamins B2, B1, B5 and B6 ranged between 0.2 and 0.7%, E and B3 between 6.1 and 10.3%, and vitamin B4 between 80.3 and 85.9%. According to the content of vitamins, the difference between buckwheat varieties has not been found. The level of vitamins provides a determination of the integral rate of the product. It was found that 100 g of buckwheat provides the adult body with vitamin K by 4–7%, B5 – by 6–9, B4 – by 10–11, B2 – by 11–24, B1 – by 11–36, B6 – by 12–23, E – by 27–44, B3 – by 21–44% depending on the variety. Conclusions. As a result of research, it was found that the biochemical composition of grain varies significantly depending on the buckwheat variety. Buckwheat contains the most vitamins E (3.00–6.63 mg/100 g of cereal) and B4 (51.0–54.3 mg/100 g of cereal). It is determined that grain obtained from ‘Orlovskyi’, ‘Podilskyi’, ‘Yana’, ‘Sumchanka’, ‘Anisia’, ‘Krupnozelena’, ‘Skorostyhla 81’ and ‘Kvitnyk’ varieties have a high content of vitamins B2, B1, B6, E and B3 with an integrated rate of 16–44%. In addition, grain of these varieties contains 16.5–17.4% of protein.

2021 ◽  
Vol 67 ◽  
pp. 42-49
R. R. Salimova

The assessment of the biochemical composition of the berries of strawberry varieties is of undoubted interest for the creation of a new generation of high-vitamin varieties. This article presents the results of three-year studies of the biochemical composition and taste of introduced strawberry varieties. The research was conducted in 2018-2020 on the basis of the Orenburg branch of the Research Center of Horticulture in the Orenburg Region. The aim of the study was to select the best samples by biochemical composition for further use in horticulture and breeding. The evaluation of varieties by chemical composition was carried out in accordance with generally accepted methods. The zoned varieties Orletz and Zenga Zengana served as a control. According to biochemical parameters, the content of soluble solids ranged from 4.0 to 9.1 %, with an average content of 7.5 %; titrated acidity was from 0.57 to 1.07 %, with an average content of 0.88 %; the content of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) was from 31.6 to 62.7 mg%, with an average content of 48.4 mg%.The average tasting rating of the studied varieties was 4.4 points. The control varieties Orletz and Zenga Zengana had 4.0 and 4.2 points, respectively. As a result of the study varieties Kokinskaya Zarya, Pervoklassnitsa, Polka, Troubadour, Tsaritsa were revealed according to individual biochemical parameters and taste and can be used as a valuable source for further breeding work.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document