scholarly journals Evaluation of Methods to Minimize Pain in Newborns during Capillary Blood Sampling for Screening: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Magdalena Napiórkowska-Orkisz ◽  
Aleksandra Gutysz-Wojnicka ◽  
Mariola Tanajewska ◽  
Iwona Sadowska-Krawczenko

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the severity of pain experienced by a newborn during a heel puncture for screening using the Newborn Pain Scale (NIPS), measure the heart rate and compare the effectiveness of non-pharmacological methods of pain control. Design: Randomized clinical trial. No experimental factors. The test was performed during routine screening. Surroundings: Provincial Specialist Hospital in Olsztyn. Patients/Participants: Pain was assessed in 90 full-term newborns. The newborns were rooming in with their mothers in the hospital. Interventions: Newborns were divided into three groups. Three different methods of pain relief were used: breastfeeding, 20% glucose administered orally and non-nutritional sucking. Main Outcome Measures: The primary pain outcome was measured using the NIPS and the secondary pain outcome measures (heart rate, oxygen saturation) were measured using a pulse oximeter. Results: During capillary blood sampling from the heel, most newborns, n = 56 (62.2%), experienced no pain or mild discomfort, severe pain occurred in n = 23 (25.6%) and moderate pain occurred in n = 11 (12.2%). No significant statistical differences were found between the degree of pain intensity and the intervention used to minimize the pain p = 0.24. Statistically significant relationships were demonstrated between heart rate variability and the degree of pain intensity (p = 0. 01). There were no statistically significant differences between the newborn’s pain intensity and the mother’s opinion on the effectiveness of breastfeeding in minimizing pain. Conclusions: This study did not answer the question of which pain management method used during the heel prick was statistically more effective in reducing pain. However, the results indicate that each of the non-pharmacological interventions (breastfeeding, oral glucose dosing and non-nutritive sucking) applied during heel puncture resulted in effective pain management in most of the newborns enrolled in the study. The relationship between heart rate variability and the severity of pain was confirmed. Mothers of newborns in the breastfeeding group were satisfied with the pain relief methods used in the child and the opportunity to console their newborn during painful procedures in a technologically invasive environment.

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 ◽  
Samara Sousa Vasconcelos Gouveia ◽  
Guilherme Pertinni de Morais Gouveia ◽  
Leydnaya Maria Souza ◽  
Bruno Cunha da Costa ◽  
Gustavo Henrique Melo Sousa ◽  

Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the effect of a Pilates protocol on respiratory muscle strength and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Method: A randomized clinical trial (RBR-2gc2qj) was conducted with a type 2 diabetic target population. Patients practiced the Pilates protocol for 8 weeks, with two visits per week. The variables tested were maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximum expiratory pressure (MEP), and HRV (time and frequency domains). All variables were tested for normal distribution. Using SPSS 21.0, analysis of variance was performed for variables with normal distribution, and the Wilcoxon and Friedman tests were used for variables that did not show a normal distribution, with a 5% significance level. Results: Forty-four participants were included in the study (intervention group: 22; control group: 22; mean age: 61.23 ± 8.49 years), most of whom were female (77.3%), married or in a consensual union (59.1%), had complete literacy (31.8%), and had an average body mass index of 26.96 ± 4.35 kg/m2. There were no significant differences in MIP and MEP before and after the protocol between the intervention and control groups. Regarding HRV, there were significant differences in autonomic modulation, especially between the moments before and during exercise and between the moments during and after exercise; however, it was not possible to determine which system (sympathetic or parasympathetic) is most involved in these changes. Conclusion: The exercise protocol based on the Pilates method did not alter respiratory muscle strength but promoted changes in HRV, especially between the moments before and during exercise and during and after exercise.

2020 ◽  
Vol 16 (2) ◽  
pp. 145-151
Arezoo Shayan ◽  
Hadis Sourinezhad ◽  
Fariba Barzegar ◽  
Hassan Ahmadinia ◽  
Zahra Masoumi ◽  

Background: Episiotomy is one of the most common surgical procedures in the world that is associated with perineal pain and can be exposed to infection, or might be healed with delay. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of honey-olive oil combination on episiotomy wound healing and pain relief in primiparous women. Methods: This single-blind, parallel randomized clinical trial (IRCT20120215009014N208) was conducted on 80 primiparous women. They were allocated randomly to each of the groups through random allocation rule: 40 in honey-olive oil group and 40 in the control group. Every 12 hours and for 14 days, the treatment group used about 1 inch of the cream on the wound area. Pain intensity and wound healing were measured by REEDA Scale and Visual Analogue Scale on days 7, 10, and 14 in both groups. The statistical analyst was not informed about the allocation of the groups. A significant level of 0.05 was considered. Results: There was a significant difference between healing score and pain intensity between the two groups on 7th, 10th and 14th postpartum days (p <0.05). Wound healing occurred much faster (Scores on days 7,10, and 14 were 11.25±2.13, 7.47±1.96 and 4.95±1.53 in the control group and 4.45±1.25, 2.32±.69 and 10±.30 in the intervention group, p <0.05). Moreover, pain intensity was significantly relieved in those who used Honey and olive oil cream (the scores were 5.6750±1.43, 3.3500±1.52, 2.2250±1.34 in the control group and 1.9750±1.52, .2250±.57, .0250±.15 in the intervention group, p<0.05). Conclusion: Using honey and olive oil combination improves episiotomy wound healing and also relieves its’ associated pain.

Bruna Luísa Silva ◽  
Lara Alves de Oliveira ◽  
Camila Medeiros Costa ◽  
Cristiano Queiroz Guimarães ◽  
Leonardo Sette Vieira ◽  

2004 ◽  
Vol 22 (9) ◽  
pp. 1713-1720 ◽  
Christine Miaskowski ◽  
Marylin Dodd ◽  
Claudia West ◽  
Karen Schumacher ◽  
Steven M. Paul ◽  

Purpose This randomized clinical trial tested the effectiveness of the PRO-SELF Pain Control Program compared with standard care in decreasing pain intensity scores, increasing appropriate analgesic prescriptions, and increasing analgesic intake in oncology outpatients with pain from bone metastasis. Patients and Methods Patients were randomly assigned to the PRO-SELF intervention (n = 93) or standard care (n = 81). Patients in the standard care arm were seen by a research nurse three times and were called three times by phone between the home visits. PRO-SELF group patients were seen by specially trained intervention nurses and received a psychoeducational intervention, were taught how to use a pillbox, and were given written instructions on how to communicate with their physician about unrelieved pain and the need for changes in their analgesic prescriptions. Patients were coached during two follow-up home visits and three phone calls on how to improve their cancer pain management. Results Pain intensity scores decreased significantly from baseline (all P < .0001) in the PRO-SELF group (ie, least pain, 28.4%; average pain, 32.5%; and worst pain, 27.0%) compared with the standard care group (ie, least increased by 14.6%, average increased by 1.9%, and worst decreased by 1.2%). The percentage of patients in the PRO-SELF group with the most appropriate type of analgesic prescription increased significantly from 28.3% to 37.0% (P = .008) compared with a change from 29.6% to 32.5% in the standard care group. Conclusion The use of a psychoeducational intervention that incorporates nurse coaching within the framework of self-care can improve the management of cancer pain.

2020 ◽  
Vol 34 (12) ◽  
pp. 3403-3415 ◽  
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez ◽  
Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders ◽  
Luis A. Téllez-T ◽  
Diana Camelo-Prieto ◽  
Paula A. Hernández-Quiñonez ◽  

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