parameter study
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2022 ◽  
Vol 57 ◽  
pp. 101878
Carlos Larrea ◽  
Daniel Torres ◽  
Juan Ramón Avilés-Moreno ◽  
Pilar Ocón

Membranes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 87
Ruben Hammerstein ◽  
Tim Schubert ◽  
Gerd Braun ◽  
Tobias Wolf ◽  
Stéphan Barbe ◽  

In this work, supported cellulose acetate (CA) mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) were prepared and studied concerning their gas separation behaviors. The dispersion of carbon nanotube fillers were studied as a factor of polymer and filler concentrations using the mixing methods of the rotor–stator system (RS) and the three-roll-mill system (TRM). Compared to the dispersion quality achieved by RS, samples prepared using the TRM seem to have slightly bigger, but fewer and more homogenously distributed, agglomerates. The green γ-butyrolactone (GBL) was chosen as a polyimide (PI) polymer-solvent, whereas diacetone alcohol (DAA) was used for preparing the CA solutions. The coating of the thin CA separation layer was applied using a spin coater. For coating on the PP carriers, a short parameter study was conducted regarding the plasma treatment to affect the wettability, the coating speed, and the volume of dispersion that was applied to the carrier. As predicted by the parameter study, the amount of dispersion that remained on the carriers decreased with an increasing rotational speed during the spin coating process. The dry separation layer thickness was varied between about 1.4 and 4.7 μm. Electrically conductive additives in a non-conductive matrix showed a steeply increasing electrical conductivity after passing the so-called percolation threshold. This was used to evaluate the agglomeration behavior in suspension and in the applied layer. Gas permeation tests were performed using a constant volume apparatus at feed pressures of 5, 10, and 15 bar. The highest calculated CO2/N2 selectivity (ideal), 21, was achieved for the CA membrane and corresponded to a CO2 permeability of 49.6 Barrer.

2022 ◽  
Vol 186 ◽  
pp. 108436
Jens Forssén ◽  
Andreas Gustafson ◽  
Meta Berghauser Pont ◽  
Marie Haeger-Eugensson ◽  
Christine Achberger ◽  

SPE Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Joel Bachmann ◽  
Stefan Schmölzer ◽  
Matthias A. Ruderer ◽  
Gabriele Fruhmann ◽  
Olaf Hinrichsen

Wenjie Ma ◽  
Yao Shan ◽  
Binglong Wang ◽  
Shunhua Zhou

The torsional dynamic response of a pile embedded in transversely isotropic saturated soil is investigated while allowing for the construction of disturbance effect. The dynamic governing equations of soil are established based on Biot’s poroelastic theory. By virtue of the continuous conditions of stress and displacement of adjacent disturbance circle and the boundary conditions of pile-soil coupling system, the circumferential displacement of soil and the shear stress on pile-soil contact surface are derived. Subsequently, a closed-form solution for the torsional dynamic response of a pile is derived in the frequency domain. By using inverse Fourier transform and the convolution theorem, a quasi-analytical solution for the velocity response of the pile head subjected to a semi-sine excitation torque is derived in the time domain. The proposed analytical solution is verified by comparing with the two existing solutions available in literature. Following the present solution, a parameter study is undertaken to portray the influence on the complex impedance, twist angle and torque of pile.

2021 ◽  
Alina Eksaeva ◽  
Andreas Kirschner ◽  
Juri Romazanov ◽  
Sebastijan Brezinsek ◽  
Christian Linsmeier ◽  

Abstract Erosion and deposition is modelled with ERO2.0 for a hypothetical full-tungsten ITER for an ELM-free H-Mode baseline deuterium discharge. A parameter study considering seeding impurities (Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe) at constant percentages (0.05% to 1.0%) of the deuterium ion flux is done while neglecting their radiation cooling and core plasma compatibility. With pure deuterium plasma, tungsten main wall erosion is only due to charge exchange deuterium atoms and self-sputtering and there is only minor tungsten divertor sputtering. With a beryllium main wall, beryllium erosion is due to deuterium ions, charge exchange deuterium neutrals and self-sputtering. For this case, tungsten in the divertor is eroded by beryllium ions and self-sputtering. The simulations for full-tungsten device including seeded impurities leads to significant tungsten erosion in the divertor. In general, tungsten erosion, self-sputtering and deposition increase by factors larger than 50 at the main wall and 5000 in the divertor compared to pure deuterium plasma

Torben Fiedler ◽  
Kai Dörries ◽  
Joachim Rösler

AbstractSelective laser melted (SLM) aluminum alloys are widely used for many technical applications. However, the application is limited to low temperatures due to their relatively poor creep resistance. The creep resistance and strength could be enhanced by oxide dispersion-strengthening. A hypothesis is that oxygen intake during selective laser melting can lead to formation of fine aluminum oxides and thus strengthen the SLMed part. To elucidate this in more detail, selective laser melted AlSi10Mg was tested in creep experiments at temperatures of 300 °C. Although, in other studies at lower temperatures, a relatively large stress exponent for creep was found, the high temperatures in this work led to a creep exponent of just 7 to 8, indicating no significant dispersion strengthening. Furthermore, for future research, it was necessary to investigate the feasibility of SLM with pure aluminum. For this purpose, a parameter study was carried out and an optimum parameter set for pure aluminum was found. Dense samples with a porosity below 0.2% were produced. Selective laser melting was carried out with a varying oxygen content in the inert-gas atmosphere to elucidate the hypothetic strengthening effects by oxygen intake. However, even at 800 ppm oxygen in the atmosphere, no effect on hardness and microstructure could be observed.

Buildings ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 614
Wei Lin ◽  
Andong Wang ◽  
Shanghong Chen ◽  
Ai Qi ◽  
Zhonggao Su

A tuned mass rocking wall (TMRW)-frame structure system is proposed to improve the energy dissipation ability of the traditional rocking wall-frame system. Based on the energy dissipation principle of the traditional tuned mass damper (TMD), a TMRW is designed with proper mass and stiffness according to the dynamic characteristic of the host structure. Firstly, considering the presence of inherent structural damping, the dynamic amplification factor of the main mass was derived from the dynamic equations of the TMRW mechanism. A practical design table was then obtained after parameter study. Secondly, by taking a six-story frame structure as an example, the dynamic time-history analysis was conducted to study TMRW’s seismic performance. The inter-story drift ratios of the TMRW-frame, the traditional rocking wall-frame, and the frame structures were compared, and the seismic responses of the controlled and uncontrolled structures were also compared. The results demonstrate that the TMRW can effectively reduce the inter-story displacement of the host structure, and the lateral deformation mode of the host structure tends to be more uniform. However, compared with the traditional rocking wall-frame system, the proposed TMRW has less ability on coordinating deformation.

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