Progress in Additive Manufacturing
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Published By Springer-Verlag

2363-9520, 2363-9512

Mohamad Abdulwahab ◽  
Armin Bijanzad ◽  
Shaheryar A. Khan ◽  
Ismail Lazoglu

Onur Hıra ◽  
Senem Yücedağ ◽  
Shahrad Samankan ◽  
Övgü Yağız Çiçek ◽  
Atakan Altınkaynak

Eujin Pei

AbstractThe main objective of ISO/TC 261 is to standardise the processes of additive manufacturing, the process chains (data, materials, processes, hard- and software, applications), test procedures, quality parameters, supply agreements, environment, health and safety, fundamentals and vocabularies. This section provides readers with news regarding standardisation efforts of ISO/TC 261.

Torben Fiedler ◽  
Kai Dörries ◽  
Joachim Rösler

AbstractSelective laser melted (SLM) aluminum alloys are widely used for many technical applications. However, the application is limited to low temperatures due to their relatively poor creep resistance. The creep resistance and strength could be enhanced by oxide dispersion-strengthening. A hypothesis is that oxygen intake during selective laser melting can lead to formation of fine aluminum oxides and thus strengthen the SLMed part. To elucidate this in more detail, selective laser melted AlSi10Mg was tested in creep experiments at temperatures of 300 °C. Although, in other studies at lower temperatures, a relatively large stress exponent for creep was found, the high temperatures in this work led to a creep exponent of just 7 to 8, indicating no significant dispersion strengthening. Furthermore, for future research, it was necessary to investigate the feasibility of SLM with pure aluminum. For this purpose, a parameter study was carried out and an optimum parameter set for pure aluminum was found. Dense samples with a porosity below 0.2% were produced. Selective laser melting was carried out with a varying oxygen content in the inert-gas atmosphere to elucidate the hypothetic strengthening effects by oxygen intake. However, even at 800 ppm oxygen in the atmosphere, no effect on hardness and microstructure could be observed.

J. Vogt ◽  
H. Friedrich ◽  
M. Stepanyan ◽  
C. Eckardt ◽  
M. Lam ◽  

AbstractAdditive Manufacturing (AM) of ceramics is a constantly emerging field of interest both in research and in industry. Binder jetting-based AM of ceramics in particular offers the opportunity to produce large ceramic parts with a high wall thickness at a high throughput. One limitation is that it requires flowable powders, which are generally coarse and thus exhibit only limited sintering activity. The resulting low sintered densities impede the commercial binder jetting-based production of dense oxide ceramics. We present an approach to efficiently increase the green density of binder jetted alumina parts by optimized slurry infiltration, which also leads to a significant increase in the sintered density. In a first step, alumina parts were fabricated via binder jetting, using a 20-µm-sized alumina powder, yielding relative green densities of about 47–49%. Initial sintering studies with powder compacts showed that sintering even above 1900 °C is not sufficient to achieve acceptable densification. Therefore, green samples were infiltrated with a highly filled ceramic slurry to fill the remaining pores (about 2–5 µm in size) with smaller particles and thus increase the packing density. Particle volume content (40–50 vol%), particle size (100–180 nm) and the infiltration procedure were adapted for tests on cuboid samples to achieve a high penetration of the green bodies and a high degree of pore filling. In this way, the relative green density could be increased starting from about 47% after binder jetting, to 73.4% after infiltration and drying. After sintering at 1675 °C densities above 90% could be achieved, yielding three-point bending strengths up to 145 MPa. As a conclusion, this approach can be regarded as a promising route for overcoming the drawbacks of the binder jetting process on the way to denser, mechanically more stable sintered alumina parts.

Marvin A. Spurek ◽  
Lukas Haferkamp ◽  
Christian Weiss ◽  
Adriaan B. Spierings ◽  
Johannes H. Schleifenbaum ◽  

AbstractPowder bed fusion (PBF) is the most commonly adopted additive manufacturing process for fabricating complex metal parts via the layer-wise melting of a powder bed using a laser beam. However, the qualification of PBF-manufactured parts remains challenging and expensive, thereby limiting the broader industrialization of the technology. Powder characteristics significantly influence part properties, and understanding the influencing factors contributes to effective quality standards for PBF. In this study, the influence of the particle size distribution (PSD) median and width on powder flowability and part properties is investigated. Seven gas-atomized SS316L powders with monomodal PSDs, a median particle size ranging from 10 μm to 60 μm, and a distribution width of 15 μm and 30 μm were analyzed and subsequently processed. The PBF-manufactured parts were analyzed in terms of density and melt pool dimensions. Although powder flowability was inversely related to the median particle size, it was unrelated to the distribution width. An inverse relationship between the median particle size and the part density was observed; however, no link was found to the distribution width. Likely, the melt pool depth and width fluctuation significantly influence the part density. The melt pool depth decreases and the width fluctuation increases with an increasing median particle size.

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