frame structure
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2022 ◽  
Mingzhen Wang ◽  
Lin Gao ◽  
Zailin Yang

Abstract The seismic damage state of building structure can be evaluated by observing the fundamental period change of structure. Firstly, the fundamental period calculation formula that adapts to the deformation pattern and distribution mode of horizontal seismic action for reinforced concrete frame structure is derived. Secondly, the seismic damage assessment standard of building structure considering period variation is established. Then, the seismic damage assessment method of building structure is constructed. Finally, the seismic damage example is used to verify the established evaluation method. The results show that the established research method has high accuracy and good engineering practicability.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Tie Chi ◽  
Lizhong Zhang ◽  
Lixin Meng

In order to realize low-orbit microsatellite laser communication, L- and U-frame structures are designed, respectively, for the payload of single-lens reflex (SLR) laser communication tracking and pointing system. According to the characteristics of each load structure, the detailed system design is carried out, and the modal analysis is carried out on the key structural parts of the L- and U-frames to ensure the reliability of each load structure. The pointing accuracy of the two load structures is also calculated and analyzed. Finally, the conclusion is that both of the two load structures can meet the technical and accuracy requirements of low-orbit communication, but obviously, the U-frame structure has higher accuracy, greater pitching angle, and better reliability; eventually, the U-frame structure is adopted in this design. Then, we have completed the manufacture and assembly of the principle prototype and carried out a vibration test experiment on the principle prototype. The results show that the U-type loading structure SLR laser communication tracking and pointing system achieves the expected design purpose and can meet the technical requirements of the low-orbit microsatellite laser communication.

2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322110572
Xun Chong ◽  
Pu Huo ◽  
Linlin Xie ◽  
Qing Jiang ◽  
Linbing Hou ◽  

A new connection measure between the precast concrete (PC) cladding panel and PC frame structure is proposed to realize a new kind of isostatic frame-cladding system. Three full-scale PC wall-frame substructures were tested under the quasi-static load. These substructures included a bare wall-frame specimen, a specimen with a cladding panel that has no opening, and a specimen with a cladding panel that has an opening in it. The damage evolution, failure mode, load-bearing capacity, deformation capacity, and energy dissipation capacity of three specimens were compared. The results indicated that the motions of the cladding panels and the main structures were uncoupled through the relative clearance of the bottom connections, and three specimens exhibited approximately identical failure modes and seismic performance. Thus, the reliability of this new isostatic system was validated.

Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 105
Temesgen Bailie Workie ◽  
Zhaohui Wu ◽  
Panliang Tang ◽  
Jingfu Bao ◽  
Ken-ya Hashimoto

This paper examines a new technique to improve the figure of merit of laterally vibrating RF-MEMS resonators through an energy-preserving suspended addendum frame structure using finite element analysis. The proposed suspended addendum frame on the sides of the resonant plate helps as a mechanical vibration isolator from the supporting substrate. This enables the resonator to have a low acoustic energy loss, resulting in a higher quality factor. The simulated attenuation characteristics of the suspended addendum frame are up to an order of magnitude larger than those achieved with the conventional structure. Even though the deployed technique does not have a significant impact on increasing the effective electromechanical coupling coefficient, due to a gigantic improvement in the unloaded quality factor, from 4106 to 51,136, the resonator with the suspended frame achieved an 11-folds improvement in the figure of merit compared to that of the conventional resonator. Moreover, the insertion loss was improved from 5 dB down to a value as low as 0.7 dB. Furthermore, a method of suppressing spurious mode is demonstrated to remove the one incurred by the reflected waves due to the proposed energy-preserving structure.

Christian Klötzer ◽  
Martin-Christoph Wanner ◽  
Wilko Flügge ◽  
Lars Greitsch

AbstractThe development of new manufacturing technologies opens up new perspectives for the production of propellers (diameter < 5 m), especially since the use of the established sand casting process as a technology is only partially competitive in today’s market. Therefore, different applications of generative manufacturing methods for the implementation into the production process were investigated. One approach is the mould production using additive manufacturing processes. Investigations showed that especially for large components with high wall thicknesses available systems and processes for sand casting mould production are cost-intensive and conditionally suitable. With our development of a large-format FDM printer, however, the direct production of large-format positive moulds for, for example, yacht propellers up to 4 m in diameter is possible. Due to the comparatively low accuracy requirements for the mould, the focus is on the durability of the drive system and the rigidity of this FDM printer. Equipped with simple linear technology in portal design and cubic design of the frame structure with rigid heated print bed, the aim is to achieve maximum material extrusion via the print head. The production of plastic models not only facilitates handling during the moulding process, but also allows considerable time and cost savings to be made during the running process. A further step in our development is the direct production of the components using WAAM. A possible concept for robot-supported build-up welding for the production of new innovative propeller geometries is presented using the example of a hollow turbine blade for a tidal power plant.

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