Empirical Research
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Annemarie S. Walter ◽  
David P. Redlawsk

AbstractExisting empirical research on voters’ responses to individual politicians’ moral transgressions pays limited attention to moral emotions, although moral emotions are an integral part of voters’ moral judgment. This study looks at U.S. voters’ discrete moral emotional responses to politician’s moral violations and examines how these discrete moral emotional responses are dependent on voters’ own moral principles and the extent to which they identify with a political party. We report on a 5 × 3 between-subjects experiment where 2026 U.S. respondents reacted to politicians’ violations of one of five moral foundations defined by Moral Foundations Theory. We randomly vary which moral foundation is violated and the partisanship of the politician. While voters’ own moral principles somewhat condition moral emotional responses, we find that voters’ moral emotional responses mostly depend on partisan identification. When voters share party identity with a politician committing a moral violation, they respond with less anger, contempt, disgust and shame than when they do not share party identity. The effect is greater among strong partisans. However, we find limited evidence that specific moral emotions are activated by violations of particular moral foundations, thereby challenging Moral Foundations Theory.

Bartosz Mazurkiewicz ◽  
Magdalena Stefańska

Video games are one of the most popular leisure activities. The multitude of games and ways of playing (individually, in a team, online, offline, etc.) allows players to meet their various needs. Thus, from the point of view of game developers, it becomes important to recognise these needs and adapt the product to the expectations of players. Taking the dynamic development of the video game market into account, it seems significant to recognise the players’ motives for spending their time on playing. Therefore, the aim of the article is to identify the players’ motives in terms of the type of need being met and to find an answer to the question whether there is a relationship between the time spent on games and the motives for playing (does the fact that we play longer change the type of need being satisfied?). The text refers to the results of research conducted in April 2020 on a sample of 2,527 players in Poland. The subjects of the study were people who actively played video games – every day or several times a week.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Neuza Ribeiro ◽  
Ana Suzete Semedo ◽  
Daniel Gomes ◽  
Rita Bernardino ◽  
Sharda Singh

Purpose This study aims to examine the impact of workplace bullying on employees’ burnout by investigating the mediating effect of affective well-being (AWB). Design/methodology/approach Data of 532 employees from diverse organizations in Portugal were collected. These data were collected using anonymously completed structured questionnaires available online. Findings The results support the research hypotheses proposed, confirming that workplace bullying is related to both AWB and burnout. Moreover, affective workplace bullying partially mediates the relationship between workplace bullying and burnout, indicating that the victims have their AWB reduced, and, consequently, increase their burnout levels. Practical implications The findings suggest that organizations can foster employees’ AWB and reduce the level of burnout by encouraging organizations to develop preventive policies and practices to safeguard against bullying at work. Originality/value To this date, only a few studies have examined mediating and moderating variables (Nielsen and Einersen, 2018) and none include AWB as a mediator of the relationship between workplace bullying and burnout. This study answers the call for further empirical research from those who have argued that more information is needed to understand the workplace bullying phenomenon and contributes to the growing debate on this topic and its effects on employees.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Qionge Zheng ◽  
Kunhui Chen ◽  
Deyi Kong ◽  
Jingxuan Liang ◽  
Jingjing Wu

The cultivation of strategic emerging industries is strategic to the economic transformation and upgrading in Fujian, a southeastern province of China. It is of great significance to study its selection model. In this paper, according to the characteristics of strategic emerging industries, drawing on the double helix model, this paper sets up an evaluation system for strategic emerging industries. Then, the entropy-VIKOR algorithm was introduced to evaluate and rank the backbone enterprises in Fujian, based on the data on 21 listed enterprises of strategic emerging industries in the province from 2017 to 2019. The empirical research results are consistent with the actual situation of the development of strategic emerging industries in Fujian Province, which proves the feasibility of this research method. Finally, according to the empirical analysis results, this study puts forward some countermeasures for the development of strategic emerging industries in Fujian province.

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (3D) ◽  
pp. 511-520
Aislu R. Abdulkhakova ◽  
Guzela M. Kormishina ◽  
Olga A. Kaleginа ◽  
Galina V. Matveeva ◽  
Ludmila E. Savich ◽  

The article describes the results of the study of information needs of students in the formation of the electronic educational environment of the Kazan State Institute of Culture.  The study aims to solve the following problems: identify and evaluate the attitude of students to the use of new information technologies in the educational process; define the range of sources of information used by students; to evaluate the degree and effectiveness of using various elements of the electronic educational environment of the institute. The methodological base of the study was a systematic approach as a direction of the methodology of scientific knowledge, which is based on the consideration of the object of study as a system. This study uses empirical research methods, in particular survey and comparison methods, as well as analysis of publications and regulatory documents. Studying the information needs of students to optimize their information support system, intensify their activities in mastering the basic educational program and improve the quality of training of future specialists.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Rod McColl ◽  
Jan Mattsson ◽  
Kathleen Charters

Purpose A detailed conceptualization of how service experiences are transformed into a memory and the circumstances surrounding a memorable experience is not available in the customer experience literature. This paper aims to address this gap using a multi-dimensional framework (memoryscape) to explain memory processes for service experiences. Design/methodology/approach The paper integrates psychology research, and particularly autobiographical memory, within customer experience management. Findings The paper proposes a comprehensive, multi-dimensional framework (memoryscape) of memory and highlights managerial implications. Research limitations/implications Marketers have yet to fully understand the role of memory in service experience consumption. In today’s service-dominant economy, understanding more about the memoryscape should be a managerial and research priority. Practical implications The authors present four managerial priorities for managing customer experience memories. Originality/value The authors assimilate theories and empirical research in psychology, particularly autobiographical memory, to propose an integrated conceptual framework of the service memory process (memoryscape), to provide insights for managers looking to create memorable customer experiences.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Lilei Gao

With the continuous development of science and technology, the scale of education is slowly expanding, but at the same time, what is more important is the quality of higher education. This issue has also become a hot topic of concern for the society nowadays. Higher education, which is at the top of the education chain, has the important task of training talents for society. The cultivation of talents includes not only the ability to innovate but also the ability to manage business. The purpose of this paper is to study and empirically analyze the relationship between business administration competency and innovation competency formation among university students based on data mining (DM). This paper mainly uses the K-means algorithm in DM to extract relevant data and then conducts a questionnaire survey to analyze the innovation ability and business administration ability of university students; the results showed that 24 respondents considered their innovation ability is relatively poor, accounting for 20.98%; 137 respondents considered their innovation ability is average, accounting for 47.9% of the total, nearly half; and 65 respondents thought that their innovation ability is relatively strong. In the end, 60 respondents thought that their innovation ability is very strong and half of the respondents thought that their innovation ability is generally poor. Generally speaking, the tests have a strong ability to innovate. The evaluation is generally average.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Francisco Rincon-Roldan ◽  
Alvaro Lopez-Cabrales

PurposeThe aim of this study was to analyse the influence of different employment relationships (ERs) on the sustainability results of cooperatives. The authors approached the type of ER comparing the inducements offered by the firm with the contributions that the manager expects from employees. In this way, the authors study how the orientation toward the employment relationship influences the economic, social and environmental sustainability of the firm.Design/methodology/approachThis article presents a theoretical and empirical research model about the relationship between ERs and sustainability. The necessary information was obtained through a questionnaire that was completed by the human resource (HR) managers and chief executive officers (CEOs) of 124 cooperative companies, and structural equation modelling was applied to evaluate the relationships between the proposed constructs, using the partial least squares technique (PLS-SEM).FindingsThe obtained results suggest that mutual investment and overinvestment ERs favour economic, social and environmental sustainability, whereas quasi spot contract and underinvestment ERs have a negative influence on all three types of sustainability. Therefore, it is confirmed that the type of ER adopted can condition the sustainability of the company, either favouring or worsening it.Originality/valueThis work contributes to covering the lack of studies about which ERs impact the sustainability of organisations, and it provides information on the role of ERs in the search for a more sustainable organisation, demonstrating that the type of employment relationship developed by the firm has a relevant impact on its sustainability.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Marzena Stor ◽  
Łukasz Haromszeki

BACKGROUND: Competency management (CM) is one of the basic subfunctions of HRM, which can significantly affect the results achieved by organizations. This is because the competencies of employees have become the key capital of enterprises and a factor of their success. Research on the relationships between CM and organizational performance results in Polish MNCs creates a research gap due to the object and subject of research. OBJECTIVE: The main goal of the article is to identify the potential regularities that may exist between the advancement level of CM and its composing activities and the company financial performance results. Of particular interest are the relationships that may appear between the studied variables in the context of their relationships with other subfunctions of HRM and the significance of human capital as a competitive factor. METHODS: The research sample includes 200 non-financial business entities with Polish capital, whose headquarters are in Poland, and local subsidiaries are located outside the country. The research was conducted using CATI and CAWI methods. Descriptive and correlation statistics were used to analyze the collected empirical data. RESULTS: Two fundamental regularities are observable. It turns out that the higher the advancement level of activities within CM, and in particular its links with other HRM subfunctions, the better the financial results of enterprises. CONCLUSIONS: The empirical research results lead to the conclusion that human capital is treated as a company’s competitive factor, and CM is of significant meaning to the financial results of the organization.

2021 ◽  
pp. 0013189X2110509
Eve L. Ewing ◽  
Terrance L. Green

With the looming impacts of COVID-19 on district budgets, the growth of school choice options, and population shifts across urban, suburban, and rural contexts, an increasing number of districts have closed schools and more districts are expected to follow this trend. Rich scholarship has examined school closures; however, this field of research is limited in scope and methodological approach, and overwhelmingly focuses on the mass urban school closures of the mid-2010s. This offers a timely opportunity to consider new directions in the field. In this article, we identify trends in the scholarship on school closures by examining the empirical research in this area over nearly two decades. We conclude by offering a research agenda for future scholarship on school closures.

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