mode analysis
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Wei Xu ◽  
Jingchang Nan ◽  
Mingming Gao

A compact circularly polarized (CP) antenna is proposed for low-profile and wideband operation based on characteristic mode analysis (CMA). A ring patch with a gap and two arc-shaped metallic stubs as the radiator is analyzed and optimized by CMA to figure out the orthogonal modes and operating frequency band for potential good axial ratio (AR) performance. The studies of these CP modes provide a physical insight into the property of broadband circular polarization. Such an in-depth understanding paves the way for the proposal of novel CP antenna with separation between the design of radiator and feeding network. A 50-Ω coplanar waveguide (CPW) is introduced and placed appropriately to excite the desired modes based on the information from CMA, which employs two asymmetric ground planes to improve the performance in terms of AR and impedance matching. The antenna with a compact size of 0.71λ0 × 0.76λ0 × 0.038λ0 (λ0 is the free-space wavelength at the center frequency of the 3-dB AR bandwidth) is fabricated and measured for validation. The realized gain varies from 1.6 to 3.1 dBic over the operating bandwidth characterized by the measured 10-dB impedance bandwidth of 83.8% (3.98–9.72 GHz) and 3-dB AR bandwidth of 70.3% (4.59–9.57 GHz), respectively.

Hidekazu Shirai ◽  
Takashi Hosoda ◽  
Naoya Kanazawa ◽  
Hamid Bashiri

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Avi Fellner ◽  
Yael Goldberg ◽  
Dorit Lev ◽  
Lina Basel-Salmon ◽  
Oded Shor ◽  

AbstractTUBB4A-associated disorder is a rare condition affecting the central nervous system. It displays a wide phenotypic spectrum, ranging from isolated late-onset torsion dystonia to a severe early-onset disease with developmental delay, neurological deficits, and atrophy of the basal ganglia and cerebellum, therefore complicating variant interpretation and phenotype prediction in patients carrying TUBB4A variants. We applied entropy-based normal mode analysis (NMA) to investigate genotype–phenotype correlations in TUBB4A-releated disease and to develop an in-silico approach to assist in variant interpretation and phenotype prediction in this disorder. Variants included in our analysis were those reported prior to the conclusion of data collection for this study in October 2019. All TUBB4A pathogenic missense variants reported in ClinVar and Pubmed, for which associated clinical information was available, and all benign/likely benign TUBB4A missense variants reported in ClinVar, were included in the analysis. Pathogenic variants were divided into five phenotypic subgroups. In-silico point mutagenesis in the wild-type modeled protein structure was performed for each variant. Wild-type and mutated structures were analyzed by coarse-grained NMA to quantify protein stability as entropy difference value (ΔG) for each variant. Pairwise ΔG differences between all variant pairs in each structural cluster were calculated and clustered into dendrograms. Our search yielded 41 TUBB4A pathogenic variants in 126 patients, divided into 11 partially overlapping structural clusters across the TUBB4A protein. ΔG-based cluster analysis of the NMA results revealed a continuum of genotype–phenotype correlation across each structural cluster, as well as in transition areas of partially overlapping structural clusters. Benign/likely benign variants were integrated into the genotype–phenotype continuum as expected and were clearly separated from pathogenic variants. We conclude that our results support the incorporation of the NMA-based approach used in this study in the interpretation of variant pathogenicity and phenotype prediction in TUBB4A-related disease. Moreover, our results suggest that NMA may be of value in variant interpretation in additional monogenic conditions.

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 ◽  
pp. 10-18
Pardeep Kumar

The thermal convection of a plasma in porous medium is investigated in the presence of finite Larmor radius (FLR) and Hall effects. Following linear stability theory and normal mode analysis method, the dispersion relation is obtained. It is found that the presence of a magnetic field (and hence the presence of FLR and Hall effects) introduces oscillatory modes in the system which were, otherwise, non-existent in their absence. When the instability sets in as stationary convection, the FLR may have a stabilizing or destabilizing effect, but a completely stabilizing one for a certain wave-number range. Similarly, the Hall currents may have a stabilizing or destabilizing effect but a completely stabilizing one for the same wave-number range under certain condition, whereas the medium permeability always has a destabilizing effect for stationary convection. Also it is found that the system is stable for 𝑔𝛼𝜅 𝜈𝛽 ≤ 27𝜋 4 4 and under the condition 𝑔𝛼𝜅 𝜈𝛽 > 27𝜋 4 4 , the system becomes unstable.

Nanophotonics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Young-Ho Jin ◽  
Juntaek Oh ◽  
Wonshik Choi ◽  
Myung-Ki Kim

Abstract Exploiting multiple near-field optical eigenmodes is an effective means of designing, engineering, and extending the functionalities of optical devices. However, the near-field optical eigenmodes of subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures are often highly multiplexed in both spectral and spatial distributions, making it extremely difficult to extract individual eigenmodes. We propose a novel mode analysis method that can resolve individual eigenmodes of subwavelength nanostructures, which are superimposed in conventional methods. A transmission matrix is constructed for each excitation wavelength by obtaining the near-field distributions for various incident angles, and through singular value decomposition, near-field profiles and energy spectra of individual eigenmodes are effectively resolved. By applying transmission matrix analysis to conventional electromagnetic simulations, we clearly resolved a set of orthogonal eigenmodes of single- and double-slot nanoantennas with a slot width of 20 nm. In addition, transmission matrix analysis leads to solutions that can selectively excite specific eigenmodes of nanostructures, allowing selective use of individual eigenmodes.

Kai Wang ◽  
Wei Shao ◽  
Xiao Ding ◽  
Bing-Zhong Wang ◽  
Baojun Jiang

Philipp Zagar ◽  
Rudolf Scheidl

Abstract This paper analyzes dynamic effects of an electro-hydraulic drive which uses a counter-balance valve for rod volume compensation. It shows that local stability analysis is not sufficient in this particular case to get general statements of the system's chattering properties. A reduced-order switched system is proposed to gain deeper insights in system dynamics with saturation effects such as the end-stop of a valve poppet and solutions are compared numerically to the full-system dynamics which incorporates pressure built-up, piston and valve dynamics as well as motor dynamics. It is shown that in cases of e.g. fast valves with small cracking pressures undesirable chattering of the full system exists which can be easily understood in terms of the reduced-order system in form of sliding mode solutions. The paper also describes under which conditions such sliding modes exist, how they behave and how they can be interpreted in terms of the full system.

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