axial compression
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2022 ◽  
Vol 82 ◽  
pp. 103147
Yidu Bu ◽  
Lu Yang ◽  
Zhenxing Zhu ◽  
Facheng Wang

2022 ◽  
Vol 172 ◽  
pp. 108868
Zhi-jia Zhang ◽  
Yong-jing Wang ◽  
Lei Huang ◽  
Yue Fu ◽  
Zi-qiang Zhang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 172 ◽  
pp. 108834
Guangxin Sun ◽  
Shengbo Zhu ◽  
Rumin Teng ◽  
Jiabin Sun ◽  
Zhenhuan Zhou ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 171 ◽  
pp. 108677
Bing Li ◽  
Chao Cheng ◽  
Zhimin Song ◽  
Xianlei Cao ◽  
Zhengyi Kong

Structures ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 36 ◽  
pp. 303-313
Mujahid Ali ◽  
Sheraz Abbas ◽  
Afonso Rangel Garcez de Azevedo ◽  
Markssuel Teixeira Marvila ◽  
Muwaffaq Alqurashi ◽  

Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 341
Yang Wei ◽  
Yang Xu ◽  
Gaofei Wang ◽  
Xunyu Cheng ◽  
Guofen Li

Axial compression tests were carried out on 72 FRP (fiber reinforced polymer)–stirrup composite−confined concrete columns. Stirrups ensure the residual bearing capacity and ductility after the FRP fractures. To reduce the effect of stress concentration at the corners of the confined square−section concrete columns and improve the restraint effect, an FRP–stirrup composite−confined concrete structure with rounded corners is proposed. Different corner radii of the stirrup and outer FRP were designed, and the corner radius of the stirrup was adjusted accurately to meet the designed corner radius of the outer FRP. The cross−section of the specimens gradually changed from square to circular as the corner radius increased. The influence of the cross−sectional shape and corner radius on the compressive behaviour of FRP–stirrup composite−confined concrete was analysed. An increase in the corner radius can cause the strain distribution of the FRP to be more uniform and strengthen the restraint effect. The larger the corner radius of the specimen, the better the improvement of mechanical properties. The strength of the circular section specimen was greatly improved. In addition, the test parameters also included the FRP layers, FRP types and stirrup spacing. With the same corner radius, increasing the number of FRP layers or densifying the stirrup spacing effectively improved the mechanical properties of the specimens. Finally, a database of FRP–stirrup composite−confined concrete column test results with different corner radii was established. The general calculation models were proposed, respectively, for the peak points, ultimate points and stress–strain models that are applicable to FRP−, stirrup− and FRP–stirrup−confined concrete columns with different cross−sectional shapes under axial compression.

2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322110606
Xue Li ◽  
Lian-guang Wang ◽  
Hai-yang Gao ◽  
Ni Zhang

Splicing glass fiber–reinforced polymer (GFRP)-concrete–steel double-skin tubular column (DSTC) is to set connection component at the joint of two or more separated GFRP tubes, and then pour concrete in the double-tube interlayer to form a continuous composite member. In this paper, the splicing DSTC composite members based on steel bar connection were designed and tested under axial compression to determine its mechanical performance. The main parameters include the connection steel ratio, the hollow ratio, and the thickness of GFRP tube. The results show that the GFRP tube presents apparent constraint effect on the concrete at about 60% of the ultimate load. The failure of splicing specimen occurred in the non-splicing section at a certain distance from the splice joint, and the stirrups at the splice joint provide effective constraint effect on the internal concrete. The proposed DSTC splicing method based on steel cage connection can satisfy the strength requirements of splice joint. Nevertheless, the increase of axial steel bar ratio cannot improve the bearing capacity of the splicing column, and the steel ratio of 2.44% is suggested for the splice joint of DSTCs under axial compression. The axial bearing capacity of splicing DSTCs significantly increases with the increase of GFRP tube thickness, but the amount of stirrups should be increased properly when a larger tube thickness is used. Two models were selected to calculate the bearing capacity of splicing members and it is found that Yu’s model is more accurate in predicting splicing DSTCs.

2022 ◽  
pp. 136943322110542
Jianhui Si ◽  
Shixiong Qiu ◽  
Shuyang Feng ◽  
Jiebin Chen ◽  
Zhenshan Wang

Glass fiber reinforced plastics are widely used in civil engineering because of their advantages such as light weight, high strength, good pollution resistance, and corrosion resistance. This study investigated the buckling bearing capacity, failure characteristics, and slenderness ratios of GFRP solid bars with circular cross-sections subjected to axial compression. A total of 18 specimens were categorized into six groups. The slenderness ratios ranged from 57 to 123. It was found from experiments that the instability mode of the specimens was extreme point instability, and a bearing capacity platform phenomenon was observed when overall lateral instability occurred. The failure mode was axial and transverse tearing failure of the material in the middle of the specimen. During buckling, the tensile side was transformed from the compression of the resin matrix to tension in the fibers. The elastic modulus of glass fiber was much lower than that of the resin matrix. After tension occurred, increased deformation led to a rapid increase in lateral bending, which resulted in the phenomenon of the bearing platform. At ultimate deformation, brittle failure of the specimen occurred. The buckling load of the specimen decreased sharply with an increase in the slenderness ratio, and stress ratios decreased from 34.95% to 6.73%. It is suggested that the slenderness ratio not exceed 80. Finally, based on experimental results, a practical method for calculating the stable bearing capacity of solid GFRP poles is proposed.

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