congestion control
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Hayder M. Amer ◽  
Ethar Abduljabbar Hadi ◽  
Lamyaa Ghaleb Shihab ◽  
Hawraa H. Al Mohammed ◽  
Mohammed J. Khami

Technology such as vehicular ad hoc networks can be used to enhance the convenience and safety of passenger and drivers. The vehicular ad hoc networks safety applications suffer from performance degradation due to channel congestion in high-density situations. In order to improve vehicular ad hoc networks reliability, performance, and safety, wireless channel congestion should be examined. Features of vehicular networks such as high transmission frequency, fast topology change, high mobility, high disconnection make the congestion control is a challenging task. In this paper, a new congestion control approach is proposed based on the concept of hybrid power control and contention window to ensure a reliable and safe communications architecture within the internet of vehicles network. The proposed approach performance is investigated using an urban scenario. Simulation results show that the network performance has been enhanced by using the hybrid developed strategy in terms of received messages, delay time, messages loss, data collision and congestion ratio.

Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 252
Manjit Kaur ◽  
Deepak Prashar ◽  
Mamoon Rashid ◽  
Zeba Khanam ◽  
Sultan S. Alshamrani ◽  

In flying ad hoc networks (FANETs), load balancing is a vital issue. Numerous conventional routing protocols that have been created are ineffective at load balancing. The different scope of its applications has given it wide applicability, as well as the necessity for location assessment accuracy. Subsequently, implementing traffic congestion control based on the current connection status is difficult. To successfully tackle the above problem, we frame the traffic congestion control algorithm as a network utility optimization problem that takes different parameters of the network into account. For the location calculation of unknown nodes, the suggested approach distributes the computational load among flying nodes. Furthermore, the technique has been optimized in a FANET utilizing the firefly algorithm along with the traffic congestion control algorithm. The unknown nodes are located using the optimized backbone. Because the computational load is divided efficiently among the flying nodes, the simulation results show that our technique considerably enhances the network longevity and balanced traffic.

Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 162
Ralf Lübben ◽  
Nico Misfeld

The Measurement Lab (MLab) provides a large and open collection of Internet performance measurements. We make use of it to look at the state of the German Internet by a structured analysis, in which we carve out expressive results from the dataset to identify busy hours and days, the impact of server locations and congestion control protocols, and compare Internet service providers. Moreover, we examine the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown in Germany. We observe that only parts of the Internet show a performance degradation at the beginning of the lockdown and that a large impact in performance depends on the network the servers are located in. Furthermore, the evolution of congestion control algorithms is reflected by performance improvements. For our analysis, we focus on the busy hours. From the end-user perspective, this time is of most interest to identify if the network can support challenging services such as video streaming or cloud gaming at these intervals.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2161 (1) ◽  
pp. 012018
M Deeksha ◽  
Ashish Patil ◽  
Muralidhar Kulkarni ◽  
N. Shekar V. Shet ◽  
P. Muthuchidambaranathan

Abstract Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) have emerged in time to reduce on-road fatalities and provide efficient information exchange for entertainment-related applications to users in a well-organized manner. VANETs are the most instrumental elements in the Internet of Things (IoT). The objective lies in connecting every vehicle to every other vehicle to improve the user’s quality of life. This aim of continuous connectivity and information exchange leads to the generation of more information in the medium, which could congest the medium to a larger extent. Decentralized congestion control (DCC) techniques are specified to reduce medium congestion and provide various safety applications. This article presents two DCC mechanisms that adapt message rate and data rate combined with transmit power control mechanism. These mechanisms are developed under multi-state active design proposed by the standard. The proposed methods deliver better performance over other mechanisms in terms of power, channel load, and channel utilization using real-time-based scenarios by simulation in SUMO.

2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (0) ◽  
pp. 22-29
Susumu Ishihara ◽  
Kaito Furukawa ◽  
Haruka Kikuchi

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